Modriča

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Modriča

Модрича
View on Modriča
View on Modriča
Coat of arms of Modriča
Coat of arms
Location of Modriča within Republika Srpska
Location of Modriča within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 44°57′23″N 18°18′04″E / 44.95639°N 18.30111°E / 44.95639; 18.30111Coordinates: 44°57′23″N 18°18′04″E / 44.95639°N 18.30111°E / 44.95639; 18.30111
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorMladen Krekić (SNSD)[1]
 • Municipality319.8 km2 (123.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
10,137
 • Municipality
25,712
 • Municipality density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
74480
Area code(s)+387 53
Websitewww.modrica.ba

Modriča (Serbian Cyrillic: Модрича) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013 census, the town has a population of 10,137 inhabitants, while the municipality has 25,712 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The first written document about Modriča is 13th century charter of Hungarian King Bela IV in which Modriča is mentioned as spring: "...fons Modricha, ubi cadit in Boznam “, but it all indicates that it was minor stream which was flowing into Bosna river. According to traditional stories, Modriča was named after the small river with blue, mountain water. It is assumed that the small river is Dusa. According to other narratives, area bears the name of the old Slavic marks of the blue sky and distances, which are more discerned on the horizon than visible – modrina (the blue)/modriča.

There is archaeological evidence of human presence in the territory of present-day Modrica municipality back in the Paleolithic - Old Stone Age. This is evidenced by traces discovered at the site Gradina in the village of Dugo Polje above the valley of Bosna river. Traces of ancient Neolithic farmers were found in several places, among others at locations Kulište in Kruskovo Polje, at Zdralovo brdo in village Kladari, at location Prljaca, then in villages Vranjak, Kuznjaca, Skugric, Dugo Polje, etc. At Dobor hill is important site with seven archaeological layers of the Iron Age. Traces of old Slavic settlements can be found in several places in Modrica municipality. In the charter of Kotromanic from 1323 mentioned is parish Nenaviste with settlements Modrica and Jakes.

The events were developing around Dobor fortress which presage the end of the Bosnian national independence. Those were conflicts with Hungarians in 1393/94 and 1408th, and the cut of 170 Bosnian boyars on the ramparts of the fort. These areas then became cruel war frontier in a fit of the Turks, and they won Dobor and Modrica in the 1536th. After the defeat of the Turks at Vienna 1683rd, in the next two centuries this was the border area, and that means - the zone of conflicts, rebellions, devastation and economic stagnation. During Austrian-Hungarian rule, in 1897 Modrica has been included in list of such towns that Bosnia and Herzegovina had only 66.

In the second half of the 19th century economic and cultural - educational conditions are slowly improving. Memory was recorded that school existed, maybe even at the end of the 18th century, and in any case from the second half of the 19th century. Modrica was a nursery of schools in the rural area. From 1929-39, Modriča was part of the Vrbas Banovina and from 1939-41 of the Banovina of Croatia within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

After the 1992–95 Bosnian War, prewar municipal borders were changed, villages of Jakeš, Pećnik and Modrički Lug were excluded from Modriča and included in new Vukosavlje municipality, and a few villages from the western part of prewar Gradačac municipality were included, thus the size of the municipality changed substantially.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194819,746—    
195339,156+14.67%
197131,622−1.18%
198134,541+0.89%
199135,413+0.25%
201325,720−1.44%

According to the 2013 census, the municipality of Modriča has a population of 25,720 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1971
Population
1991[2]
Population
2013[3]
Serbs 13,457 12,564 20,227
Croats 9,418 1,660 1,674
Bosniaks/Muslims 8,356 16,992 3,101
Yugoslavs 180 1,813 -
Others 211 2,384 718
Total 31,622 35,413 25,720

Economy[edit]

Modriča oil refinery

The Modriča oil refinery, currently owned by Russian investors, is located in Modriča.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 62
Mining and quarrying 9
Manufacturing 1,475
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 45
Distribution of water and water waste management 80
Construction 128
Wholesale and retail, repair 803
Transportation and storage 206
Hotels and restaurants 158
Information and communication 47
Finance and insurance 47
Real estate activities 2
Professional, scientific and technical activities 90
Administrative and support services 28
Public administration and defence 270
Education 383
Healthcare and social work 325
Art, entertainment and recreation 17
Other service activities 122
Total 4,297

Sports[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Modriča is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-21. Retrieved 2006-12-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Bosnian Congres - census 1991 - North of Bosnia". Hdmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  3. ^ "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External links[edit]