Modruš-Rijeka County

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Modruš-Rijeka County
Modruško-riječka županija
County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Modrus-Fiume

Coat of arms

Location of Modrus-Fiume
Location of the County (yellow) within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (green)
Capital Ogulin
45°16′N 15°14′E / 45.267°N 15.233°E / 45.267; 15.233Coordinates: 45°16′N 15°14′E / 45.267°N 15.233°E / 45.267; 15.233
History
 •  Established 12th century
 •  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 •  1910 4,879 km2 (1,884 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 231,654 
Density 47.5 /km2  (123 /sq mi)
Today part of Croatia
Old map of Modruš-Rijeka County

The Modruš-Rijeka County (Croatian: Modruško-riječka županija; Hungarian: Modrus-Fiume vármegye) was a historic administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (Transleithania), the Hungarian part of the dual Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its territory is now in western Croatia. Modruš is a small town near Ogulin; Rijeka is a large city on the Adriatic coast. However, Rijeka was not part of the Modruš-Rijeka County, but under the direct administration of Hungary. The capital of the county was Ogulin.

Geography[edit]

The Modruš-Rijeka County shared borders with the Austrian lands Istria, Carniola and Bosnia-Herzegovina and the counties of Zagreb and Lika-Krbava (both in Croatia-Slavonia). The county had a strip of Adriatic Sea coast. Its area was 4879 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The territory of the county was part of the Kingdom of Croatia when it entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, and with it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1526. The county was created in the late 18th century. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia). Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the county has been part of Croatia.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 228,452 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the population of the county was 231,654.

Population by language (1910 census):[3]

  • Croatian = 152,210 (65.73%)
  • Serbian = 74,894 (32.34%)
  • Hungarian = 899 (0.39%)
  • German = 592 (0.26%)
  • Slovak = 64 (0.03%)
  • Romanian = 6 (0.00%)
  • Ruthenian = 4 (0.00%)
  • other = 2,895 (1.25%)

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Modruš-Rijeka county were:[4]

Districts
District Capital
Čabar Čabar
Cirkvenica Crikvenica
Delnice Delnice
Ogulin Ogulin
Sušak Bakar
Szluin Slunj
Vojnić Vojnić
Vrbovsko Vrbovsko

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ 1910 census
  4. ^ Districts of Croatia-Slavonia in 1914 (Hungarian)