Moenkhausia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Moenkhausia
Characidae (5807039008).jpg
Moenkhausia lepidura
Moenkhausia pittieri young fish in aquarium.jpg
Moenkhausia pittieri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Characidae
Subfamily: incertae sedis
Genus: Moenkhausia
C. H. Eigenmann, 1903
Type species
Tetragonopterus xinguensis
Steindachner, 1882
Synonyms

Gymnotichthys Fernández-Yépez, 1950
Opisthanodus Ahl, 1935

Moenkhausia is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Characidae native to tropical and subtropical South America. These are medium-sized tetras where the largest species only reach around 12 cm (4.7 in).[1]

The diamond tetra and red-eye tetra, which are commonly kept in aquaria, are members of this genus.[2][3]

Species[edit]

There are currently 89 recognized species in this genus:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017). Species of Moenkhausia in FishBase. March 2017 version.
  2. ^ SeriouslyFish: Moenkhausia pittieri. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  3. ^ SeriouslyFish: Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  4. ^ Oliveira, G.D. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903 (Characiformes, Characidae) from the rio Amazonas basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 4093 (4): 566–574.
  5. ^ a b c d e Petrolli, M.G. & Benine, R.C. (2015): Description of three new species of Moenkhausia (Teleostei, Characiformes, Characidae) with the definition of the Moenkhausia jamesi species complex. Zootaxa, 3986 (4): 401–420.
  6. ^ Bertaco, V.A., Jerep, F.C. & Carvalho, F.R. (2011): A new characid fish, Moenkhausia aurantia (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae), from the upper rio Tocantins basin in Central Brazil. Zootaxa, 2934: 29-38.
  7. ^ a b Azevedo-Santos, V.M. & Benine, R.C. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia (Characiformes, Characidae) from the Içá River, Amazon Basin, northern Brazil. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 92 (2): 203–209.
  8. ^ a b Marinho, M.M.F. & Langeani, F. (2016): Reconciling more than 150 years of taxonomic confusion: the true identity of Moenkhausia lepidura, with a key to the species of the M. lepidura group (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa, 4107 (3): 338-352.
  9. ^ Marinho, M.M.F. & Langeani, F. (2010): Moenkhausia celibela: a new species from the Amazon basin, Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Journal of Fish Biology, 77 (4): 879–889.
  10. ^ a b Sousa, L.M., Netto-Ferreira, A.L. & Birindelli, J.L.O. (2010): Two new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from Serra do Cachimbo, Pará, Northern Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 8 (2): 255-264.
  11. ^ Soares, I.M. & Bührnheim, C.M. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903 (Characiformes: Characidae) from Amazon basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 4208 (4): 392-400.
  12. ^ Bertaco, V.A., Jerep, F.C. & Carvalho, F.R. (2011): New species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Ostariophysi: Characidae) from the upper rio Tocantins basin in Central Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 9 (1): 57-63.
  13. ^ Marinho, M.M.F. (2010): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Xingu basin, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 8 (3): 655-659.
  14. ^ Dagosta, F.C.P., Marinho, M.M.F. & Benine, R.C. (2015): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from the upper rio Juruena basin, Central Brazi. Zootaxa, 4032 (4): 417–425.
  15. ^ Marinho, M.M.F. & Langeani, F. (2010): A new species of Moenkhausia from the rio Amazonas and rio Orinoco basins (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa, 2577: 57–68.
  16. ^ Marinho, M.M.F., Dagosta, F.C.P., Camelier, P. & Lima, F.C.T. (2016): Description of a New Species of Moenkhausia (Characiformes, Characidae) from the Upper Rio Tapajós Basin, Brazil. Copeia, 104 (1): 243-249.
  17. ^ Dagosta, F.C.P. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Arinos basin, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 14 (2): e150052.
  18. ^ Ohara, W.M. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from the upper rio Machado at Chapada dos Parecis, rio Madeira basin, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 14 (1): e150041.
  19. ^ Zanata, A.M., Birindelli, J.L.O. & Moreira, C.R. (2010): New species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from Rio Xingu and Rio Tapajós basins, Brazil, with comments on a putative case of polymorphic Batesian mimicry. Journal of Fish Biology, 75 (10): 2615–2628.
  20. ^ Pastana, M.N.L. & Dagosta, F.C.P. (2014): Moenkhausia rubra, a new species from rio Juruena, upper rio Tapajós basin, Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 12 (2): 389-396.
  21. ^ Ohara, W.M. & Lima, F.C.T. (2015): Moenkhausia uirapuru, a new species from the upper rio Guaporé, Chapada dos Parecis, Mato Grosso, Brazil (Teleostei: Characidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 26 (2): 159-170.
  22. ^ Petrolli, M.G., Azevedo-Santos, V.M. & Benine, R.C. (2016): Moenkhausia venerei (Characiformes: Characidae), a new species from the rio Araguaia, Central Brazil. Zootaxa, 4105 (2): 159–170.
  23. ^ Silva, P.C. & Malabarba, L.R. (2016): Rediscovery of the holotype of Tetragonopterus vittatus Castelnau 1855, a senior synonym of Moenkhausia doceana (Steindachner 1887) (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa, 4132 (2): 269–271.