Mogho Naba (also Moro Naba, Morho Naba, Mogh-Naba or Moogo Naaba), literally "head" (naba) of the "world" (moro), is a title for king of the Mossi, an ethnic group in Burkina Faso. The Mogho Naba is the king of Ouagadougou or Oubritenga. Guiba is the town where they traditionally lived before ascending to the throne. The Mogho Naba is traditionally chosen by the high dignitaries of the court, whom are, according to tradition, the descendants of Oubri (Wubri), the legendary founder of the Ouagadougou kingdom.
According to tradition, Oubri was the grandson of Ouedraogo, founder of the Mossi kingdom in 13th century and son of the legendary Yennenga. Oubri, first Moro Naba, founded the city of Ouagadougou.
The list of the Moro Naba of Ouagadougou, as well as the time of reign, is recited every morning at the arrival of the latter, known by the Bend Naba and the griots of the court. The following are the traditional rulers in order:
- Ouédraogo, founder of the independent Mossi chiefdom (?-1132)
- Zoungrana (1132-1182)
- Oubri (1182-1244)
- Naskiemdé (1244-1286)
- Nasbiré (1286-1307)
- Soarba (1307-1323)
- Gningnemdo (1323-1337)
- Koundoumie (1337-1358)
- Kouda (1358-1401)
- Dawingma (1401-1409)
- Zoétré Bousma (1409-1441)
- Niandfo (1441-1511)
- Nakim, known as Nakiienb-Zanga (1511-1541)
- Namégué (1541-1542)
- Kilba (1542-1561)
- Kimba (1561-1582)
- Goalba (1582-1599)
- Guirga (1599-1605)
- Zanna (1605-1633)
- Oubi (1633-1659)
- Motiba (or Mottoba) (1659-1666)
- Warga (1666-1681)
- Zombré (1681-1744)
- Kom I (1744-1762)
- Saga I (1762-1783)
- Doulougou (1783-1802)
- Sawadogo (1802-1834)
- Karfo (1834-1842)
- Baongo I (1842-1850)
- Koutou (1850-1871)
- Sanem (1871-1889)
- Boukary Koutou (known as Wobgho) (1889-1897)
- Siguiri (1897-1905)
- Kom II (1905-1942)
- Sagha II (1942-1957)
- Kougri (1957-1982)
- Baongo II (21 December 1982)
Scope of power
According to Titinga Frédéric Pacéré, the Moro Naba is chosen among the male descendants of the last Moro Naba by the members of the council. In the tradition, he is considered all powerful with right of life and death on the inhabitants of Ouagadougou and Oubritenga. In practice, his power was subject to the custom and law of the fathers. He personifies the empire and embodies its unity, but power is really in the hands of the court of the Moro Naba, ministers who make decisions and govern the country. This complex organisation of powers is materialised every Friday during the ceremony of the false departure of the king.
Traditionally, the rulers of these four kingdoms and the Ouagadougou Mogho Naba avoid each other, but they happen to meet, such as happened in 1946 to consult on the reconstruction of the Upper Volta.
The court of Moro Naba
The Moro Naba, a sovereign very respected by the Mossis, is the guardian of customs, the supreme head of administration, army and justice. He is assisted in the management of power by a council whose members are:
- Tansoba Naba, second personality of the empire, Minister of War not residing in Ouagadougou. He must die on the battlefield in case of defeat;
- Ouidi Naba, Minister of the Cavalry;
- Goungha Naba, Minister of Infantry;
- Baloum Naba, Minister of Stewardship and spokesman for the Emperor/Minister of griots. His ancestor was a nephew of the family of Moro Naba;
- The Larlé Naba, Minister of the Royal Tombs;
- Kamsonghin Naba, Minister of Youth;
- Dapoya Naba, Minister of Security;
- Poe Naba, Minister of Justice.
The Tinga Naba has the power to allocate the land within villages.
- Mogho Naba: Burkina Faso's mediator monarch, BBC News
- Mogho Naaba Roi des Mossé
- L'art vu par le Naaba
- "AFRICAN EMPEROR - MOGHO NABA IN PARIS video newsreel film". British Pathe. Retrieved 29 October 2010.
- Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso, by Lawrence Rupley, Lamissa Bangali, Boureima Diamitani, 2013, Third edition, Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8108-6770-3
- Auzias, Dominique; Labourdette, Jean-Paul (2015-09-23). "Les Mossi (ou Mossé)". Burkina Faso 2016 Petit Futé (in French). Petit Futé. ISBN 9782746995772.
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- Skinner, Elliott Percival (1964-01-01). The Mossi of the Upper Volta: The Political Development of a Sudanese People. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804701662.
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- Ainsi on a assassiné tous les mosse, p 83, 84, 85
- Mahamadou Ouédraogo, Culture et développement en Afrique p 73-75
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