Mogocha

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Mogocha (English)
Могоча (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Mogocha.jpg
View of Mogocha
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Mogocha is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Mogocha
Mogocha
Location of Mogocha in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 53°44′N 119°46′E / 53.733°N 119.767°E / 53.733; 119.767Coordinates: 53°44′N 119°46′E / 53.733°N 119.767°E / 53.733; 119.767
Administrative status (as of January 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai[1]
Administrative district Mogochinsky District[1]
Administrative center of Mogochinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2012)
Municipal district Mogochinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Mogochinskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Mogochinsky Municipal District,[3] Mogochinskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 13,258 inhabitants[5]
Population (January 2014 est.) 13,697 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[6]
Founded 1910[citation needed]
Town status since 1950[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 673730–673732, 673779
Dialing code(s) +7 30241[citation needed]
Mogocha on Wikimedia Commons

Mogocha (Russian: Могоча; IPA: [mɐˈgotɕə]) is a town and the administrative center of Mogochinsky District in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Mogocha and Amazar Rivers, 709 kilometers (441 mi) northeast of Chita, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 13,258 (2010 Census);[5] 13,282 (2002 Census);[8] 17,847 (1989 Census).[9]

Etymology[edit]

The name "Mogocha" is derived from the river on which it stands, whose name comes from the Evenki word mongochi. This meaning of this word is ambiguous; it can be translated as golden valley, but also as belonging to the Mongo tribe.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1910, with the construction of the local section of the Trans-Siberian Railway.[citation needed] Rail traffic began in 1914. In addition to its status as a supply point for the railway, from the 1920s and 1930s it became the base for gold mining in the surrounding area. Town status was granted to it in 1950.[citation needed]

From 1947 until 1953, Mogocha was site for the Klyuchevlag prison labor camp of the gulag system. The camp held up to 3,000 prisoners at any one time, mainly used as forced labor for molybdenum and gold mining in the villages to the southwest of the town.

During the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations in the 1950s, a large airbase was created near Mogocha, which hosted several helicopter regiments until the 1990s. The remoteness of Mogocha combined with the harsh climatic conditions, gave rise to the Soviet military slang expression God created Sochi, and Satan Mogocha.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and subsequent economic crisis, Mogocha lost around one third of its population, a common occurrence for cities in the Russian Far East. At the same time, a significant number of Chinese citizens and companies have moved to the region.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mogocha serves as the administrative center of Mogochinsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Mogocha, together with four rural localities, is incorporated within Mogochinsky Municipal District as Mogochinskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Other than railway-related industries, there is logging and timber milling conducted in the surrounding area.

Transportation[edit]

Winter train stop in Mogocha

Mogocha has a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The town's small airport, which had opened in 1937, was closed during the 1990s.

Climate[edit]

Mogocha has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc).

Climate data for Mogocha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
6.3
(43.3)
14.3
(57.7)
23.1
(73.6)
31.9
(89.4)
35.4
(95.7)
39.0
(102.2)
33.9
(93)
30.0
(86)
22.2
(72)
9.5
(49.1)
2.0
(35.6)
39
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −20.6
(−5.1)
−12.8
(9)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.5
(41.9)
14.8
(58.6)
22.0
(71.6)
24.4
(75.9)
21.6
(70.9)
14.6
(58.3)
4.5
(40.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
3.22
(37.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−23.9
(−11)
−14.2
(6.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
7.2
(45)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
14.1
(57.4)
6.7
(44.1)
−3.9
(25)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−5.06
(22.91)
Average low °C (°F) −35.6
(−32.1)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.1
(30)
5.8
(42.4)
9.6
(49.3)
7.2
(45)
−0.1
(31.8)
−10.5
(13.1)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−12.46
(9.57)
Record low °C (°F) −53
(−63)
−51.5
(−60.7)
−44.2
(−47.6)
−33.9
(−29)
−17.2
(1)
−7.2
(19)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
−15
(5)
−32.2
(−26)
−43.9
(−47)
−51.7
(−61.1)
−53
(−63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
3.9
(0.154)
5.8
(0.228)
17.8
(0.701)
31.6
(1.244)
71.7
(2.823)
110.8
(4.362)
98.9
(3.894)
47.0
(1.85)
15.0
(0.591)
9.3
(0.366)
5.7
(0.224)
421.2
(16.583)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 175.0 232.5 232.5 246.5 246.0 232.5 213.9 180.0 170.5 136.5 113.2 2,312.4
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai
  2. ^ a b c Law #317-ZZK
  3. ^ Law #316-ZZK
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 76 626 101». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 76 626 101. ).
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Mogocha, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство территориального развития Забайкальского края. 1 января 2014 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Забайкальского края», в ред. Распоряжения №209-р от 10 июня 2014 г.. (Ministry of the Territorial Development of Zabaykalsky Krai. January 1, 2014 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Directive #209-r of June 10, 2014. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Забайкальского края. Закон №317-ЗЗК от 18 декабря 2009 г. «О границах сельских и городских поселений Забайкальского края», в ред. Закона №1070-ЗЗК от 31 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Забайкальского края "О границах сельских и городских поселений Забайкальского края"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Забайкальский рабочий", №239–242, 21 декабря 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Zabaykalsky Krai. Law #317-ZZK of December 18, 2009 On the Borders of the Rural and Urban Settlements of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Law #1070-ZZK of October 31, 2014 On Amending the Law of Zabaykalsky Krai "On the Borders of the Rural and Urban Settlements of Zabaykalsky Krai". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Забайкальского края. Закон №316-ЗЗК от 18 декабря 2009 г. «О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края», в ред. Закона №770-ЗЗК от 26 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Забайкальского края "О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Забайкальский рабочий", №239–242, 21 декабря 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Zabaykalsky Krai. Law #316-ZZK of December 18, 2009 On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Law #770-ZZK of December 26, 2012 On Amending the Law of Zabaykalsky Krai "On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).