Mohamed Amin Didi
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Mohamed Amin Didi
President Mohamed Amin Didi
|1st President of the Maldives|
January 1, 1953 – August 21, 1953
|Vice President||Ibrahim Muhammad Didi|
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Ibrahim Muhammad Didi (Acting)|
(Muhammad Fareed Didi)
|Born||20 July 1910|
|Died||19 January 1954 (aged 43)|
|Political party||Peoples' Progress Party|
Al Ameer Mohamed Ameen Dhoshimeynaa Kilegefaanu (Dhivehi: އަލްއަމީރު މުހައްމަދު އަމީން ދޮށިމޭނާ ކިލެގެފާނު) (July 20, 1910 – January 19, 1954), popularly known as Mohamed Ameen Didi was a Maldivian political figure. He served as the first president of the Maldives and as the head of government between January 1, 1953, and August 21, 1953. Ameen Didi was also the principal of Majeediyya School from 1946 to 1953. Amin Didi had one daughter, Ameena Ameen. His grandson Ameen Faisal was the former Minister of Defence and National Security of Maldives. His other grandchildren are Ibrahim Faisal, Farahanaz Faisal and Aishath Shuweykar.
Mohamed Amin Didi was the leader of the first political party in the Maldives, Rayyithunge Muthagaddim Party. He was well known for his efforts to modernize the country, which included the advancement of women, education in Maldives, nationalising the fish export industry and an unpopular ban on tobacco smoking.
President Ameen was the son of Athireegey Ahmed Dhoshimeynaa kilegefaan and Roanugey Aishath Didi. He was a descendant of the famous dynasty of Huraa, from his father's side. In 1920, he went abroad to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and studied in Saint Joseph's College, Colombo. In 1928, he went to India for further studies and returned to the Maldives one year later.
After returning to the Maldives, he held many posts in the government such as the chief officer of Customs, head of the Maldivian Post Office, Minister of Trade and was also a member of the First Maldivian Parliament.
With the support of the people, he abolished the 812-year-old sultanate and became the first President of the Maldives on 1 January 1953, although he had always supported a constitutional monarchy.
After the death of Sultan Majeed Didi and his son Prince Hassan Fareed Didi, the members of the parliament elected Amin Didi as the next person in line to succeed the sultan. But Didi is known to have said: "for the sake of the people of Maldives I will not accept the crown and the throne". So, a referendum was held and the Maldives became a republic. But the republic was short lived and a revolution was brought by the people of Male' instigated five persons seeking power, while the President was in Ceylon for medical treatment. A period followed in which parts of the south broke and formed the short-lived United Suvadive Republic instigated by the British who were building a signalling station in Addu. The people of Male' appointed Velaanaagey Ibraahim Didi, the vice president of Amin as the head of the government. Amin Didi was aware of these events and was warned not to return to the Maldives' but he did on a Catalina. As soon as Amin Didi returned, for his own safety, he was taken to Dhoonidhoo island and was kept there under the government's supervision but was treated in the same manner as a head of state in the Maldives.
Four months after being taken to Dhoonidhoo, secret letters were exchanged between him and Ibrahim Hilmy Didi, to bring an end to this revolutionary government and to restore the monarchy, with Ibrahim Hilmy as the king and Amin Didi as the prime minister. One night Amin Didi arrived in Male and tried to take control of Bandeyrige enraging the people of Male' so much that he was nearly beaten to death. After that, he was thrown into a small boat (bohkuraa) near Male'.
Later, the leaders of this small rebel group who wanted Mohanmed Amin as their leader were brought to court including Mohamed Amin Didi, Ibrahim Hilmy Didi and Shamsuddin Hilmy. These people were sentenced to exile.
As the former president's health deteriorated, he was brought to Vihamanafushi Island (now Kurumbaa village), where he died on 19 January 1954. A small funeral was held at Vihamanaa Fushi.
He is still honoured by the citizens of his country even today for being the first president of Maldives and for introducing democracy. He is also admired by a lot of citizens in the Maldives along with his large family.
|Ibrahim Dhoshimeynaa Kilege Faan||Mariyam Didi||Roanuge' Ibrahim Didi||unknown|
|Ahmed Dhoshimeynaa Kilege Faan||Roanuge' Aishaa Didi|
|Mohamed Amin Didi|
| President of the Maldives
January 1, 1953 – August 21, 1953
Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi
- Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5
- Masters, Tom (2009). Maldives. Lonely Planet. p. 21. ISBN 1741790131. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Lentz, Harris M. (2014-02-04). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. pp. 535–536. ISBN 1134264909. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Aaminath Faaiza, Daisymaage, Ameenuge Ha'ndhaan, Male' 1997