|This article uses citations that link to broken or outdated sources. (November 2011)|
|Mohamed Mounir محمد منير|
|Birth name||Mohamed Mounir Mohamed Aba Zeed Gebriel Metwaly|
|Also known as||The King (El Malek)|
10 October 1954 |
|Genres||Nubian Music, Pop, Blues, Jazz, Reggae|
|Labels||Sonar, Sound of America, Digitec, FreeMusic - Nasr Mahrous, Mirage, Africana, Alam El Phan, Arabica Music|
|Associated acts||The Wailers|
Mohamed Mounir (Arabic: محمد منير) (born October 10, 1954) is an Egyptian singer and actor, with a musical career spanning more than three decades. He incorporates various genres into his music, including classical Arabic Music, Nubian music, blues, jazz and reggae. His lyrics are noted both for their philosophical content and for their passionate social and political commentary. He is affectionately known by his fans as "The King" in reference to his album and play "El Malek Howwa El Malek" (The King is The King).
Born into a Nubian family in Aswan, Mounir spent most of his early childhood in the village of Manshyat Al Nubia, where he shared his father's interests in both music and politics. As a teenager, he and his family were forced to relocate to Cairo when his village was lost in the floods that followed the construction of the Aswan Dam. It was here that he studied photography at the Faculty of Applied Arts at Helwan University. During this period, he would often sing for friends and family at social gatherings. His singing voice was noticed by the lyricist Abdel-Rehim Mansour, who would go on to introduce Mounir to the renowned folk singer Ahmed Mounib.
Following his graduation, he was called up for military service in 1974, during which he continued his professional musical career by performing in various concerts. He performed his first such concert in 1975. Although the public were initially critical of Mounir for performing in casual attire at a time where Arab singers were expected to wear suits, they eventually warmed to his laidback image.
After completing his military service, Mounir released his 1977 debut solo album Alemony Eneeki on the Sonar record label. Mounir went on to release five more consecutive official albums and featured on one soundtrack album under the Sonar label. To date, Mounir has released a total 20 official albums and featured on six soundtrack albums under a number of different record labels.
Mounir's single "Maddad" from this album caused controversy, as its lyrics could be interpreted as a call for intercession from the prophet Muhammad. Among Muslims, there are differing views as to whether the prophet can provide intercession between Allah and his believers. This resulted in the music video being banned from Egyptian television for a time. Mounir responded by saying "it is this fight against rigid thought that makes something out of you".
On his 2003 follow up album "Ahmar Shafayef" (Lipstick), he returned to his more familiar style of mainly secular lyrics. In the summer of 2003, following the release of his album Mounir toured Austria, Germany and Switzerland alongside the Austrian pop musician Hubert von Goisern, and later that year the duo performed a concert in Asyut.
In May 2004, he held a large concert at the pyramids, during which he was physically attacked by a drunken fan. Despite sustaining minor injuries, he continued his performance until the end of the concert.
He continued his trend of releasing secular albums infused with social commentary with the release of his 2005 album Embareh Kan Omry Eshren (Yesterday I Was Twenty), album Ta'm El Beyout (Taste of Homes), released in 2008. Ta'm El Beyout was noted for its creativity but initially did not perform as well as expected in terms of album sales. In 2012, Mounir released his latest album Ya Ahl El Arab we Tarab.
In 2008, Mounir postponed his New Year's Eve concert at Cairo Opera House in solidarity with the Palestinians suffering the effects of the Gaza War. He issued the statement: "delaying the concert is a message sent to the whole world, so that it would move forward and help the people in Gaza."
As well as his singing career, Mounir also has an active acting career. Throughout his career he has appeared in 12 movies, 4 television series and 3 plays.
His movie career began in 1982, when he acted in and featured on the soundtrack album Youssef Chahine film 'Hadouta Masreia (An Egyptian Story).
Mounir played the part of the blind poetry professor "Bashir" in the controversial 2005 film Dunia, which centers around the title character Dunia, a belly dancer and poet played by Egyptian actress Hanan Tork. When the film aired at the 2005 Cairo International Film Festival, it left the audience split between those supporting the film's calls for intellectual freedom and its anti-female circumcision stance, and those disapproved of either the title character's desire to physically express herself through dance, or of the filming of scenes in the Cairo's slums, which could be seen to tarnish Egypt's international image.
- Alemony Eneeki (Your Eyes Taught Me) – 1977
- Bnetweled (We Are Being Born) – 1978
- Shababeek (Windows) YKB – 1981
- Etkalemy (Speak) YKB – 1983
- Bareea(innocent) YKB – 1986
- West El Dayra (In The Middle of The Circle) YKB – 1987
- Shokolata (Chocolate) – 1989
- Ya Eskenderia (O Alexandria) – 1990
- Meshwar (Trip) – 1991
- El Tool We El Loon We El Horya (The Length, Colour, and Freedom) – 1992
- Eftah Albak (Open Your Heart) – 1994
- Momken (Maybe) – 1995
- Men Awel Lamsa (From The First Touch) – 1996
- El Farha (The Joy) – 1999
- Fi Eshg El Banat (The Love of Girls) – 2000
- Ana Alby Masaken Shabya (My Heart is Public housing) – 2001
- El Ard... El Salam (The Earth... Peace) – 2002
- Ahmar Shafayef (Red Lips) – 2003
- Embareh Kan Omry Eshren (Yesterday I Was Twenty) – 2005
- Ta'm El Beyout (Taste of Homes) – 2008
- Ahl El Arab Wel Tarab (People Of Arabs and Music) – 2012
YKB: Featuring Yahia Khalil's band
- Hadouta Masreia (An Egyptian Tale) – 1982
- El Malek Howa El Malek (The King is The King) – 1988
- Maadarsh (I Can’t) – 1993
- El Maseer (Destiny) – 1997
- Habeebty (My Love) – 1998
- Dunia – Ode To Liberty – 2006
|1982||Hadouta Masreia (An Egyptian Tale)||Mahdi|
|1986||Al Yawm Al Sades (The Sixth Day)||The Boatman|
|1987||Al Tokk Wa Eswera (Ring and Bracelet)||Mr. Mohamed|
|1988||Youm Mor We Youm Helw (A Bad Day & A Good Day)||Oraby|
|1990||Shabab Ala Kaf Afreet (Youth on the palm of a ghost)|
|1991||Leih Ya Haram (Why Pyramid)||Ahmed Shafek|
|1992||Hekayat Al Ghareb (Stranger Tale)||Saed|
|1994||Al Bahth An Tut Ankh Amun (Search for Tutankhamen)||Gad|
|1997||Al Maseer (Destiny)||Marwan (The Bard)|
|2005||Kiss Me Not on the Eyes||Dr. Bashir|
|2006||Mafesh Gher Keda (Nothing but this)||Himself|
- Ali Elewa
- Gomhoreyat Zefta
- El Malek; El Malek
- Al Shahateen
- Masa' Al Kheer Ya Masr
- Al-Ahram Weekly Online, 19–25 July 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Biography at Allmusic. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- Al-Ahram Weekly Online, 28 March – 3 April 2002. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- The Liverpool Echo, 18 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- The Daily News Egypt, July 17 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Biography at Mohamed Mounir's official site. Retrieved 18 June 2010.[dead link]
- "Hope for the Egyptian Nubians damned by the dam". The Guardian. 21 April 2012.
- Al-Akbar Article at the Wayback Machine (archived August 9, 2008). Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Biography at Hubert von Goisern official website. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Interviews at Hubert von Goisern official website. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Egypt Today Online, September 2004 at the Wayback Machine (archived October 12, 2008). Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- The Daily News Egypt, December 23 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Ya Libnan, 31 December 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Al-Arabiya Online, 31 December 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Liverpool Arabic Arts Festival Official Website. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Festival de Cannes: Destiny". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- The Daily News Egypt, December 7 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Al-Ahram Weekly Online, 15–21 December 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2010.