Mohamed Nasheed

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mohamed Nasheed
މުހައްމަދު ނަޝީދު
Nasheed in 2023
President of the Maldives
In office
11 November 2008 – 7 February 2012
Vice PresidentMohammed Waheed Hassan
Preceded byMaumoon Abdul Gayoom
Succeeded byMohammed Waheed Hassan
19th Speaker of the People's Majlis
In office
29 May 2019 – 13 November 2023
PresidentIbrahim Mohamed Solih
Preceded byQasim Ibrahim
Succeeded byMohamed Aslam
President of the Maldivian Democratic Party
In office
30 August 2014 – 21 June 2023
Vice PresidentMohamed Shifaz
Preceded byIbrahim Didi
Succeeded byIbrahim Mohamed Solih
Member of the People's Majlis
Assumed office
28 May 2019
Preceded byConstituency established
ConstituencyMachangolhi Medhu
Personal details
Born (1967-05-17) 17 May 1967 (age 56)
Malé, Maldives
Political partyThe Democrats (since 2023)
Other political
Maldivian Democratic Party (until 2023)[1]
(m. 1994; div. 2021)

Yumna Rushdi
(m. 2024)
Alma materLiverpool John Moores University

Mohamed Nasheed GCSK (Dhivehi: މުހައްމަދު ނަޝީދު; born 17 May 1967), also known as Anni (Dhivehi: އަންނި), is a Maldivian politician and activist who served as president of the Maldives from 2008 until his resignation in 2012.[2] A founding member of the Maldivian Democratic Party,[3] he subsequently served as the 19th speaker of the People's Majlis from May 2019 until his resignation in November 2023.[4][5] He is the first democratically elected president of the Maldives and the only president to resign from office.[6] He is currently a member of The Democrats.[7]

Born in Malé, Nasheed was educated overseas before returning to the Maldives and becoming involved in political activism. He was first elected to Parliament in 1999 but was later forced to leave office, and was arrested and imprisoned several times during his early career. His arrest in 2005 prompted civil unrest. In the first round of the 2008 presidential election, he won 25% of the votes and later defeated incumbent President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had governed the Maldives as president for 30 continuous years. As President, Nasheed played a role in drawing international attention to the threat of climate change to the Maldives.

On 7 February 2012, Nasheed resigned amidst a political crisis. Protests by the opposition had begun after Nasheed ordered the arrest of the Chief Judge of the Criminal Court Abdulla Mohamed, which were later joined by police forces who refused to carry out the order. Nasheed characterised the circumstances of his resignation as a coup d'état, and that he was forced out of office.[8][9] His successor, Mohamed Waheed Hassan Manik,[10] disputed this, saying the process was constitutional, and created a Commission of National Inquiry to investigate. The Commission of National Inquiry, overseen by the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations,[11] reported that there was no evidence to support Nasheed's version of events.[12]

Nasheed unsuccessfully ran for the presidency again in 2013. In March 2015, Nasheed was convicted under the Anti-Terrorism Act of Maldives for ordering the Criminal Court Judge's arrest while president,[13] and was sentenced to 13 years at Maafushi Prison.[14] Amnesty International described the conviction as "politically motivated",[13][15] and the United States Department of State expressed concern at "apparent lack of appropriate criminal procedures during the trial".[14] In 2016, he was given asylum in the United Kingdom, where he had gone for medical treatment.[16] In November 2018, the Supreme Court of the Maldives overturned his conviction.[17] Nasheed renounced his plans to contest the 2018 presidential election, citing legal obstacles and criticising the Election Commission's decision to reject his victory in a party primary poll.[18] After his childhood best friend, relative, and party's candidate Ibrahim Solih won the election, Nasheed returned to the Maldives, and won the seat for Machangolhi Medhu Dhaairaa constituency in parliamentary elections the following year,[19] subsequently taking office as Speaker of Parliament.

On 6 May 2021, an assassination attempt was carried out against Nasheed near his home while he was getting into his car.[20] He sustained serious injuries after an IED bomb that was stuffed with bearing balls as shrapnel was detonated near his home.[21] He was treated in an intensive care unit in Germany, after undergoing multiple emergency surgeries.[22] Maldivian authorities suspect it to be a terrorist attack by religious extremists. Three suspects were arrested.[23]

Early life[edit]

Nasheed takes refuge at the Indian High Commission

Nasheed was born in Malé, Maldives, to a middle-class family.[2] He attended Majeediyya School in Maldives from 1971 and 1981. He then studied at the Overseas School of Colombo in Sri Lanka from 1981 and 1982, and August 1982, he moved to England, where he completed his secondary education at Dauntsey's School in Wiltshire.[24] Straight after his GCE A Levels, Nasheed moved north to Liverpool, where he spent the next three years reading maritime studies at Liverpool Polytechnic, before graduating in 1989.[25]

His aunt Lathee was the first Maldivian to pass University of Cambridge examinations in English; she later worked as an expatriate in New Zealand. Lathee's daughter Ayesha Verrall is a member of the New Zealand Parliament.[26] She was also the Minister overseeing the latter stages of New Zealand's COVID-19 Response.[27]

Nasheed was held in prison for an article in the political magazine Sangu, published in 1991, alleging the government had rigged the 1989 general election. He was named an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience in 1991.[28] He has stated that he was tortured while in detention, including being chained to a chair outside for 12 days and forced to eat food containing crushed glass.[29]

He was later alleged by the government to have withheld information about a bombing plot. On 8 April 1992, he was sentenced to three years in prison on that charge.[30] He was released in June 1993, then re-arrested in 1994 and 1995. In 1996 he was sentenced to two years imprisonment for an article he had written about the 1993 and 1994 Maldivian elections, and was again designated a prisoner of conscience.[28] In all, he was arrested more than twenty times during Gayoom's rule,[29] missing the births of both of his daughters.[2] During his time in jail, he spent significant amounts of time studying, producing three books on Maldivian history.[29]


In 1999, he was elected as a Member of Parliament representing Malé. However, he was forced to leave office on a theft charge that the BBC and other international media sources described as politically motivated.[29][31][32] Six months after Nasheed entered parliament, the government sentenced him to 2+12 years exile for taking "government property" from Velaanaage, the state residence of former president Ibrahim Nasir. In 2005, the Dhivehi Observer published a leaked 2001 letter from Public Works minister Umar Zahir to Defense minister Anbaree Abdul Sattar. The letter confirmed that Nasheed had only taken some old files, considered as scrap for disposal by the government.[33]

Maafushi Prison

In September 2003 Nasheed requested that a doctor view the body of Hassan Evan Naseem, a 19-year-old prisoner who had died in Maafushi Jail while serving a term for drug possession. The subsequent investigation revealed that Naseem had been tortured to death. This revelation, and the violent suppression of the prison riot that followed, sparked the anti-government protests of the 2003 Maldives civil unrest, leading to the first State of Emergency in Maldivian history and a "turning point" in its history.[29]

In November 2003 Nasheed left the Maldives and joined Mohamed Latheef to help establish the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), in self-exile, in Sri Lanka and the UK. He was recognised as a political refugee by the British government in 2004. After about 18 months, Nasheed returned to Malé on 30 April 2005.[34][6]

After returning to the Maldives, he began promoting the MDP before it was officially recognised by the Government. With 2 June 2005 decision to allow political parties and official recognition of the MDP, Nasheed accelerated his support campaigns for the party. He made several trips to the atolls and neighbouring countries on behalf of the party.[6]

On 12 August 2005 Nasheed was arrested again when he was sitting in the center of the Republican Square, with supporters of MDP, to mark the second anniversary of Black Friday. His arrest provoked civil unrest in Malé and some other atolls. After his arrest, acting Government Spokesman Mohamed Hussain Shareef told reporters that Nasheed had been detained for "his own safety." However, on 22 August 2005, the state announced that Nasheed was to be charged with terrorism under the Terrorism Act.[35][36]


2008 presidential election[edit]

Mohamed Nasheed's official portrait.

In the 2008 presidential campaign, Nasheed ran for the post of president on an MDP ticket, with Mohammed Waheed Hassan from Gaumee Itthihaad as the vice presidential candidate; this was the first time the country had held a multiparty presidential election by popular vote. In the first round, Nasheed and Waheed placed second with 44,293 votes (24.91%), behind President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom of the governing Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (DRP), who received 71,731 votes (40.34%).[37]

In the second round of elections, Nasheed and Waheed were backed by the unsuccessful first round candidates (Wathan Edhey Gothah Alliance), made up of Dr. Hassan Saeed (independent),[38] Qasim Ibrahim (Jumhooree Party), Sheih Hussain Rasheed (Adhaalath Party), Ibrahim Ismail (Social Liberal Party), and Umar Naseer (Islamic Democratic Party).[39] Nasheed and Waheed won 54.25% of the vote against 45.75% for Gayoom.[37]

Following the election, Nasheed and Waheed were sworn in as the President and Vice President of the Maldives on 11 November 2008,[40] in a special session of the People's Majlis at Dharubaaruge.[29]


President Nasheed's first cabinet included 14 ministers.[41] The posts were handed to politicians from the coalition with respect to the contribution to the "Watan Edhey" Coalition. As per the coalition agreement, President Nasheed created the first ever Islamic Ministry in the Maldives, with a cabinet post representing it.[42]

Within four months after his first cabinet was formed, President of Jumhooree Party, Qasim Ibrahim resigned as Home Minister.[43] This was followed by the President of the Dhivehi Qaumee Party, Hassan Saeed,[44] Civil Aviation Minister Mohamed Jameel Ahmed,[45] and Attorney General Fathimath Dhiyana Saeed.[46]

Later the remaining main party in the Coalition, Adhaalath Party (Islamic Party) cut ties with the ruling MDP, citing religious matters.[47] By the end of the first year of his presidency, President Nasheed's cabinet contained only ministers from his own party and Vice President Waheed's Gaumee Itthihaad.[48]


Nasheed at the launch of the Climate Vulnerability Monitor

With regard to the threat posed to the very low-lying islands by changes in sea level caused by global warming, in March 2009 Nasheed pledged to set an example by making the Maldives carbon-neutral within a decade by moving to wind and solar power. He argued that the cost of the change would be no higher than what the Maldives already spends on energy.[49] As part of a wider campaign by international environmental NGO's campaign publicising the threats of climate change and its effects on the Maldives, Nasheed presided over the world's first underwater cabinet meeting on 17 October 2009, off the island of Girifushi with the meeting participants underwater in scuba diving gear.[50][51] The following month, Nasheed founded the Climate Vulnerable Forum, an association of countries affected disproportionately by climate change.[52]

June 2010 crisis[edit]

On 29 June 2010, Nasheed's 12 cabinet ministers resigned en masse, protesting the behaviour of opposition MPs who they said were "hijacking" the powers of the executive and making it impossible for the cabinet ministers to discharge their constitutional duties and deliver the government's election manifesto.[53] The ministers called on the President to investigate why certain MPs were blocking the government's work, citing allegations of corruption and bribery in parliament.[54]

On 7 July, Nasheed reappointed all twelve Ministers of the Cabinet, at a ceremony held at the President's Office in Malé. Speaking at a press conference held shortly after presenting the Ministers with their letters of appointment, Nasheed said his government would "work towards fulfilling its pledges to the people." Nasheed noted that the government had investigated the reasons why cabinet members felt they had to resign and the police had taken appropriate action. The President reiterated that only a small number of MPs are implicated in alleged corruption, saying that "the reputation of the People's Majlis should not be tarnished because of corruption allegations against a few parliamentarians." After the reinstallation of the cabinet on 7 July, the cabinet was sent to the parliament for endorsement.[55]

On 22 November, the parliament voted and declared that only five out of the 12 appointees would be accepted. They also called for the rejected ministers to step down immediately.[56][57] This resulted in heated arguments between ruling party MDP and opposing DRP, who holds majority seats in parliament. The parliament ruled that the rejected appointees would not be considered as ministers, and refused to allow Finance minister Ali Hashim to present the 2011 state budget for parliament approval.[58] Members of MDP responded to this by declaring that neither parliament or supreme court had rights to dismiss ministers and threatened high members of the parliament.[59]

On 10 December 2010, the Supreme Court of the Maldives ruled that the ministers not endorsed by the parliament cannot remain in their posts, and requested their immediate resignation from office.[57][60] Three days later, Nasheed appointed two new ministers and acting ministers for four more offices. He also reappointed the rejected Attorney General, Dr. Sawad.[61]


Less than a year into the presidency, cabinet members representing other political parties in the coalition began to resign in protest of an alleged lack of respect for transparency and the constitution. The last major party to sever its ties to the ruling party was the Adhaalath Party.[43] Another issue taken up by the opposition parties was that Nasheed's government allowed spas and resort islands to be exempt from the laws that prohibited alcohol and pork products elsewhere in the largely Muslim nation. Protests became a frequent occurrence in the streets of the capital city of Malé after the president's coalition slowly dissolved.[62] President Nasheed's own Finance Minister Ahmed Inaz was assaulted by President Nasheed's party activist after meeting an opposition leader Yameen Abdul Gayoom.[63]

An opposition alliance (Madhanee Ithihaad) was formed in December 2011, including all the parties that supported the president in his 2008 presidential race. Those parties included the Gaumee Party, Jumhoory Party, and Adhaalath Party. On 23 December, the capital city saw major opposition protests against Nasheed and his government.[64] Former cabinet minister Mohamed Jameel Ahmed was repeatedly summoned to the police station in connection with the protests, at one point being detained at Dhoonidhoo, a Maldivian prison island. Chief Justice Abdulla Mohamed ordered his release, but according to the police his non-compliance with their on-going investigations[65] against him led in turn to his being arrested by members of the Maldives National Defence Force.[66]

Due to the arrest of the judge, the opposition parties' protests gained momentum and demanded Judge Abdulla Mohamed's immediate release. During the detention of the judge, the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives (HRCM) was able to visit him in his place of detention, a military training base, and confirm his safety.[67] Opposition leaders also called for an independent investigation into the constitutionality of the arrest, a call echoed by the HRCM,[68] the Judicial Services Commission,[69] the Prosecutor General's Office,[70] the International Commission of Jurists,[71] Amnesty International,[2] and the United Nations Human Rights Commissioner.[72] Military and police rejected the orders by the High Court to release Abdulla Mohamed.[70]

The opposition's protest in the Republic Square lasted for 22 consecutive days. On 6 February 2012, the Maldives Police Service declined to use force to control or disperse the protests and joined the protest.[73] In the early hours of 7 February 2012, President Nasheed was seen inside the military headquarters.[74] The Maldives National Defence Force subsequently had a standoff with police who had joined the protesters, in which the MNDF fired rubber bullets into the crowd. (The President's office, however, denied these reports.)[75][76]

Military forces increasingly joined the opposition, and Nasheed resigned that day.[76] His statement read: "I believe if I continue as the President of the Maldives, the people of the country would suffer more. I therefore have resigned as the President of Maldives. I wish the Maldives would have a consolidated democracy. I wish for justice to be established. My wish is for the progress and prosperity of the people. And I thank you all for your support and contributions to achieve success for the past three years." He also stated his hope that his resignation might avoid international pressure on the Maldives over the unrest.[77] Vice President Mohammed Waheed Hassan, who claims to have opposed Abdulla Mohamed's arrest, was then sworn in as the new president, and a warrant was issued for Nasheed's arrest.[78]

Nasheed later wrote that he was forced to resign "at gunpoint", and that "powerful networks" of Gayoom loyalists had manipulated events to "strangle" Maldivian democracy.[9] The coup interpretation was also backed by UK MP David Amess, Chairman of the All Party Parliamentary Group to the Maldives, but contradicted by UK Prime Minister David Cameron, who asserted that Nasheed "had resigned".[79] Nasheed's successor and opposition forces also stated that the transfer of power was voluntary.[78] A later Commonwealth meeting concluded that it could not "determine conclusively the constitutionality of the resignation of President Nasheed", but called for an international investigation.[80] The Maldives' Commission of National Inquiry, appointed to investigate the matter, found that there was no evidence to support Nasheed's version of events. The U.S. State Department and the Commonwealth of Nations Secretary Kamalesh Sharma welcomed the release of the report, and called on Maldivians to abide by its decision.[12] Chief of the Defense Force Moosa Ali Jaleel, however, said the circumstances leading up to the resignation of the former president gave rise to the fact that resignation was obtained by "illegal coercion". "I fully believe that President [Nasheed] resigned under duress," he said.[81] According to former military intelligence head Ahmed Nilam, "Academically speaking, the events on February 7 fulfilled all the essentials of a coup. It involved all the features of a coup that are widely accepted around the world."[81]

On 8 February, the MDP convened an emergency executive meeting and called for its members to go into streets. President Nasheed then attempted to lead the protesters to the Republic Square. Before his march reached the square, however, the Maldives Police Service dispersed the protest with batons and pepper spray. An Amnesty International spokesperson later condemned the police tactics as "brutal" and "outright human rights violations".[82]


In the weeks following Nasheed's resignation, he requested that the Commonwealth of Nations threaten the Maldives with expulsion unless new elections are held. The Commonwealth supported Nasheed's call for early elections, calling on both Nasheed and Waheed to enter talks to arrange new polls before the year's end.[80]

Climate change activism[edit]

A documentary about Nasheed's efforts to halt climate change, The Island President, was filmed throughout 2009 and 2010. It was directed by Jon Shenk, produced by Actual Films, and features a soundtrack with songs by Radiohead. The film won the Cadillac People's Choice Documentary Award at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival[83] and opened in New York City on 28 March 2012.[84] The New York Times describes the film as "unabashedly pro-Nasheed" and "the biggest media event Mr. Nasheed could have hoped for" to publicize his cause.[85] The film proved popular in the Maldives, with scalpers reportedly selling tickets at twice their value.[85] The Island President received generally positive reviews from U.S. critics, holding a 98% "Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes[86] and a score of 72 out of 100 at Metacritic.[87]

Nasheed spoke at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, demanding that world leaders do not compromise on the 1.5°C climate target.[88] He later criticised China for its role in the conference.[89] In 2023, Nasheed's attendance of the conference was featured in the BBC documentary series Planet Earth III.[90]

2013 presidential election[edit]

Nasheed ran for the presidency again in the 2013 election, which was mired by controversy as voting was delayed three times.[91] He won the first round with 45.45% of the vote, but fell short of the 50% needed for a majority. A scheduled run-off vote was cancelled after the Supreme Court annulled the results of the first round.[92] In a rescheduled second round vote, Abdulla Yameen secured 51.3% of the vote compared to Nasheed's 48.6%. Nasheed conceded defeat.[93]


On 1 April 2012, Nasheed stated that he was unsure of the official charges against him in the Maldives: "One time they said it was terrorism, another time they said it was acting against the constitution, another time they said it was alcohol."[2] In September, he was put on trial for abuse of power for his actions in arresting Abdulla Mohamed;[94] however, his trial was cancelled without explanation.[95] Nasheed was again arrested in October for violating a court order not to leave Malé Atoll, the atoll on which the Maldivian capital is located.[96] He was detained overnight and then released on the condition that he would answer questions about his alleged abuse of presidential powers within 25 days.[97]

Nasheed was reported to have taken refuge in the Indian High Commission office in Malé in February 2013 after a Maldivian court issued an arrest warrant against him and ordered the police to detain him.[98][99] In March 2013, he was arrested on the charges of abuse of the office[100] but was released a day later.[101] Numerous stops and starts to his trial followed.[102]

In February 2015, Nasheed was arrested again and ordered to stand on trial for his decision to arrest Abdulla Mohamed in 2012 while he was the president.[103] On 13 March 2015, Nasheed was sentenced to thirteen years in Maafushi Prison for abducting Abdulla Mohamed. He was charged under the Anti-Terrorism Act of Maldives. The three-judge bench unanimously found him guilty of ordering the arrest of Abdulla Mohamed in January 2012, when he held the office of the president. The ruling came four days after Nasheed's lawyers quit in protest against what they called was a biased trial aimed at destroying his political career. He was originally cleared of the charge, but a few days later, the prosecutor general had him re-charged and arrested under tough anti-terror laws.[104][105] The court rejected an objection from Nasheed's lawyers that two of the judges were not suitable to hear the case because they had testified against Nasheed at a police inquiry on the judge's arrest. The court also dismissed four witnesses produced by Nasheed's lawyers before they even testified, saying they were not strong enough witnesses. Nasheed had earlier been charged with abuse of power but prosecutors last month filed more serious charges under the country's terrorism law. The trial was completed after 10 hearings over 23 days.[13]

Amnesty International's Asia-Pacific Director Richard Bennett said: "Amnesty International condemns the conviction of Mohamed Nasheed to 13 years in jail by judges who were state witnesses during an earlier investigation of this case. This trial has been flawed from start to finish, and the conviction is unsound."[106]

On 16 January 2016, Nasheed, following foreign pressure,[107] was granted permission to leave for the UK by the Maldivian Government to undergo a spinal surgery. According to a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nasheed "was granted permission under the condition to serve the remainder of the sentence upon return to the Maldives after surgery".[108] While in London, Nasheed, with the support of lawyer Amal Clooney, has vocally drawn attention to the Maldives' democratic shortcomings.[107] The former president requested an additional 60-day leave extension that was temporarily rejected by the Maldivian authorities.[109] Nasheed contended that a state-owned company once led by Maldives President Abdulla Yameen sold nearly $300 million worth of oil to Myanmar's military dictatorship in the early 2000s; with nearly half the money disappearing.[110] In May 2016, the U.K. government granted Nasheed political refugee status.[111]

Nasheed in November 2018

On 26 November 2018, the Supreme Court of the Maldives overturned Nasheed's sentence, saying that he had been charged wrongfully and the case against him should have not gone to trial.[17] It had previously upheld the conviction in 2016, during the Yameen administration.[112]

Speaker of the People's Majlis[edit]

On 28 May 2019, Nasheed was elected as Speaker of the People's Majlis, the legislative body of the Maldives, with 67 votes in favour.[113][4]

Due to pandemic restrictions in 2020, Nasheed oversaw a transition to online parliamentary sessions from March[114] through May.[115][116] The "Virtual Chamber" setup allowed all MPs to participate remotely, with parliamentary media staff hosting the livestream.[117]

On 13th of November 2023, Nasheed resigns from his position as Parliament Speaker due to his impeachment vote taking its place.[118]

Gotabaya Rajapaksa flight[edit]

In the early hours of 13 July 2022, Nasheed helped[119][120] Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and his wife, who were fleeing Sri Lanka. Nasheed had arranged for emergency clearance for the Sri Lanka Air Force flight carrying Rajapaksa, his wife and two bodyguards. Rajapaksa was due to step down[121][122] that day after months of public protests. The intervention by Nasheed was met with criticism from the Sri Lankan public.[123] Rajapaksa flew to Singapore on 14 July and submitted his resignation.[124] Nasheed subsequently stated that Rajapaksa would not have resigned if he were still in Sri Lanka.[125]

2023 Maldivian Democratic Party Primary[edit]

In June 2022, Mohamed Nasheed announced that he would be running for the Maldivian Democratic Party's 2023 nomination for president, contesting the incumbent President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih. He accuses the President of enacting policies that are contrary to the founding principles and ideology of the party.[126] He also alleged that the President had removed more than 39,000 members from the party's membership register that were less likely to vote for him to potentially twist the election in his favor.[127]

He lost to President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, who won with 61.10% of the vote.[128]

Attempted assassination[edit]

On Thursday, 6 May 2021 at 8:39 pm MVT (UTC+5), Nasheed was the target of an assassination attempt that also wounded two of his bodyguards in addition to a British tourist and another bystander.[129] A device that had been fixed to a motorbike was detonated as Nasheed got into a car outside his home.[130] President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih responded to the blast as an attack on the country's democracy and economy, and vowed the perpetrators “would face the full force of the law”. No one has claimed responsibility for the attack. Officials close to Nasheed's Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) told Agence France-Presse (AFP) they believed he may have been targeted in retaliation for his anti-corruption campaign.[131]

Nasheed underwent 16 hours of surgery for injuries to his head, chest, abdomen, and limbs, according to the hospital, and remained in a critical condition in intensive care.[131] Multiple pieces of shrapnel were removed during surgery, including one lodged a centimetre away from his heart.[132] Agence France-Presse also reported that the bomb was filled with ball bearings to increase the damage caused. By Saturday, 8 May, Nasheed's condition had improved so that he could be taken off life support, although he remained in intensive care.[133]

On 9 May, the Maldivian police announced that they had arrested the "prime suspect" (identified from video footage) and two accomplices, and were still searching for others. The police attributed the attack to "religious extremists".[133][134] The arrested suspects denied being involved;[135] all three of them had prior criminal records.[136] On 13 May, Nasheed was flown to Germany to receive further treatment for his injuries in head, chest and abdomen.[137][138]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

In May 2009 Nasheed was presented with the Coral Cultivation Initiative Award by Huvafen Fushi Resort and Underwater Spa, Maldives in recognition of his active participation in cultivating coral in the resort's nursery as well as for his efforts in creating greater awareness on the impact of climate change in the Maldives.[139] One month later, the Anna Lindh Memorial Fund awarded Nasheed the 2009 Anna Lindh Award for the role he played in bringing democracy to the Maldives and in recognition of his efforts "to put people and their human rights at the heart of the debate on climate change".[140]

Nasheed during the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference

In September 2009 at the global premiere of the film The Age of Stupid, Nasheed was presented with a "Not Stupid" Award for his efforts to tackle climate change and for the Maldives' announcement to become the first carbon-neutral country in the world.[141] In the same month, Time magazine named Nasheed to its "Leaders & Visionaries" category within its annual list of "Heroes of the Environment".[142]

On Earth Day 2010, Nasheed was awarded the United Nations' Champions of the Earth Award. He received it at a gala event in Seoul, Republic of Korea, in conjunction with the B4E Business for the Environment Global Summit. According to a press release by the United Nations Environment Programme, the award was in recognition of Nasheed's being "an articulate voice for the vulnerable and the poor facing the challenges of global warming and also a politician who is showcasing to the rest of the world how a transition to climate neutrality can be achieved and how all nations, no matter how big or how small, can contribute".[143] That year, he was also named by Foreign Policy magazine in its list of top global thinkers.[144]

In March 2011 following his official visit to the Republic of Mauritius, he was decorated by President Sir Anerood Jugnauth and was awarded the highest distinct order of merit in the country, the Grand Commander of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean during the official lunch hosted by Jugnauth at the Château of Réduit.[145]

In a 2011 interview with The Guardian, British Prime Minister David Cameron described Nasheed as 'my new best friend' and said that he, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama, Nicolas Sarkozy and John Key would be the five world leaders Cameron would invite on his stag weekend.[146]

On 28 June 2012, Nasheed received the James Lawson Award from the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict at Tufts University in Massachusetts, US. The award was given to "recognize his leadership in opposing the long dictatorial regime that lasted before his election and to recognize his opposition to the armed coup earlier this year which forced him from power, and his renewed nonviolent action on behalf of restoring genuine democracy in his country".[147]


  • Nasheed, Mohamed (2019). "Chapter 3: We are not prepared to die". In Extinction Rebellion (ed.). This Is Not a Drill: An Extinction Rebellion Handbook. Penguin Books. pp. 31–34. ISBN 9780141991443.


  1. ^ Shahid, Malika (21 June 2023). "Nasheed resigns from MDP". The Edition. Archived from the original on 18 November 2023. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e Aitkenhead, Decca (1 April 2012). "Dictatorship is coming back to the Maldives and democracy is slipping away". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  3. ^ Ramesh, Randeep (29 October 2008). "Human rights activist wins Maldives presidential election". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Nasheed chosen as consensus candidate for speaker". Maldives Independent. 28 May 2019. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  5. ^ Zalif, Zunana (13 November 2023). "Nasheed resigns from post of parliament Speaker". Retrieved 8 December 2023.
  6. ^ a b c "Mohamed Nasheed - The President's Office". Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Nasheed joins The Democrats". One. 13 July 2023. Archived from the original on 18 November 2023. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  8. ^ "Maldives ex-president Mohamed Nasheed was 'forced out'". BBC News. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  9. ^ a b Nasheed, Mohamed (8 February 2012). "The Dregs of Dictatorship". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Ex-UN official, TV anchor is new president of Maldives". Deccan Herald. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  11. ^ Selvam, G.P. (30 August 2012). "Report of the Commission of National Inquiry". Commission of National Inquiry. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  12. ^ a b Sen, Ashish Kumar (30 August 2012). "Maldives panel: President was not forced to resign". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  13. ^ a b c Burke, Jason (14 March 2015). "Former Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed jailed for 13 years". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Former Maldives president Nasheed jailed for 13 years". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on 26 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Maldives: 13 year sentence for former president 'a travesty of justice'". Amnesty International. 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed: Former Maldives president 'given UK asylum'". BBC News. 23 May 2016. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  17. ^ a b Junayd, Mohamed (26 November 2018). "Maldives' top court cancels jail sentence of former president". Reuters. Archived from the original on 27 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Former Maldivian President Mohamed Nasheed renounces presidential bid citing illegal curbs on him". 29 June 2018. Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Machangolhi Medhu Dhaairaa". Mihaaru. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Former Maldives President Nasheed hurt in suspected bomb attack". Al Jazeera English. 6 May 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  21. ^ Zalif, Zunana (8 May 2021). "Explosion that wounded Speaker Nasheed was from an IED: MNDF". Archived from the original on 18 November 2023.
  22. ^ "Maldives: Nasheed off life support after surviving bomb attack". Al Jazeera English. 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Key suspect in Nasheed attack arrested: Maldives police". Al Jazeera English. 9 May 2021.
  24. ^ "New Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed is British public schoolboy with Tory links". The Daily Telegraph. 30 October 2008. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  25. ^ "Notable alumni". Liverpool John Moores University. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  26. ^ Neilson, Micheal (31 January 2023). "Cabinet reshuffle: Prime Minister Chris Hipkins unveils new line-up; Government response to Auckland flooding". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 10 July 2023.
  27. ^ "Tuesday, 8 December 2020 - Volume 749 - New Zealand Parliament". Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  28. ^ a b "Republic of Maldives: Continued detention of prisoner of conscience, Mohammed Nasheed". Amnesty International. May 1996. Archived from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e f Lang, Olivia (29 October 2008). "'Anni' heralds new era in Maldives". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  30. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed". The English Center of International PEN. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  31. ^ Burke, Jason; Meikle, James (9 February 2012). "Mohamed Nasheed: Maldives leader who has been in tighter spots". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 September 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  32. ^ Philip, A.J. (26 February 2012). "Coup in Maldives" (PDF). Indian Currents. Retrieved 2 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ "From prison to the presidency: one man's journey to power in the Maldives". 1 December 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  34. ^ Ramesh, Randeep (29 October 2008). "Maldives human rights activist wins presidential election". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  35. ^ "BBC News - Maldives profile - Timeline". BBC News. 27 March 2012. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  36. ^ "Writer and leading opposition politician Mohamed Nasheed charged with "terrorism" and "sedition"". IFEX. 8 September 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  37. ^ a b "Presidential Election 2008". Election Commission of Maldives. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  38. ^ Nessman, Ravi (9 October 2008). "Maldives leader faces runoff in 1st free election". KOHD. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  39. ^ Rasheed, Zaheena (10 October 2008). "Anni Says Whole Opposition Is Behind Him". Minivan Daily. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  40. ^ "New Maldives president sworn in". BBC News. 11 November 2008. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  41. ^ "The President Nasheed appoints Ministers to his Cabinet". 13 November 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  42. ^ Larsen, Odd (18 February 2009). "MALDIVES: Reform excludes freedom of religion or belief". Forum 18. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  43. ^ a b "Gasim's resignation will not deter government: President". Retrieved 5 December 2008.
  44. ^ Naish, Ahmed (8 December 2009). "DQP condemns TVM poll on religious freedom – Minivan News – Archive". Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  45. ^ "Crisis in the Maldives: impact on Indian Ocean security". IISS. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  46. ^ "President dismisses Uza Fathimath Dhiyana Saeed from the post of Attorney General". The President's Office. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  47. ^ "Adhaalath Party breaks away from govt coalition". Archived from the original on 31 October 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  48. ^ From sunrise to sunset: Maldives backtracking on democracy (PDF). FIDH. 2012. p. 8.
  49. ^ "Carbon-neutral goal for Maldives". BBC News. 15 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  50. ^ Reddy, B. Muralidhar (15 October 2009). "The Hindu : News / International : Maldives cabinet to meet underwater to highlight perils of climate change". Chennai, India: Archived from the original on 16 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  51. ^ Lang, Olivia (8 February 2012). "Dramatic fall for Maldives' democratic crusader". BBC News. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  52. ^ "Climate Vulnerable Forum". Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  53. ^ "Cabinet Resigns; Protests Opposition MPs' "Power Grab" of Executive Authority". The President's Office. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  54. ^ Samath, Feizal (1 July 2010). "Maldives' cabinet of ministers resign in opposition to parliament". The National News. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  55. ^ "President Reappoints Cabinet Ministers". The President's Office. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  56. ^ Naish, Ahmed (22 November 2010). "Parliament only approves 5 out of 12 ministerial appointees". Minivan News. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  57. ^ a b "Supreme Court rules that rejected Minister's cannot remain". Miadhu News. 10 December 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  58. ^ Nazeer, Ahmed (23 November 2010). "Speaker and Deputy Speaker will be unable to enter parliament if Hashim cannot, claims Reeko". Minivan News. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  59. ^ Nazeer, Ahmed (28 November 2010). "Supreme Court has "no authority to dismiss ministers", claims Reeko Moosa". Minivan News. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  60. ^ Robinson, JJ (10 December 2010). "Supreme Court rules rejected ministers cannot remain in their positions". Minivan News. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  61. ^ "President reappoints Sawad as Attorney General". Minivan News. 13 December 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  62. ^ Bajaj, Viklas; Gottipati, Sruthi (10 February 2012). "Maldives' Former Leader Calls for Early Elections". New York Times. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  63. ^ "MDP activists harass and terrorize Minister of Finance at Party Activity Centre". Sun. 28 December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  64. ^ "LIVE: Maldivians gather in Male for 'religious' protests". Haveeru online. 23 December 2011. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  65. ^ "Criminal Court Chief Judge Abdulla Mohamed summoned to police". Haveeru. 16 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  66. ^ "Police arrest Judge Abdulla against court orders". Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  67. ^ "Human Rights Commission of the Maldives". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  68. ^ "The Human Rights Commission of the Maldives voices concerns and condemns ongoing acts calling them infringement fundamental rights of citizens and actions that could weaken the rule of law in the country – calls upon the President, Defense forces and the Ministry of Home Affairs to take immediate remedial action to address the issue". 20 January 2012. Archived from the original on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  69. ^ "The Constitution clearly states that the investigation of judges are mandated under the Judicial Services Commission". Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  70. ^ a b "Govt rejects orders of JSC, High Court, PG and Chief Justice to release of Judge Abdulla". Miadhu News. 17 January 2010. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  71. ^ "ICJ calls for release of Judge Abdulla". 1 February 2012. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  72. ^ "Government must release Judge Abdulla or charge him: UN". Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  73. ^ "Maldivian police join protesters: Opposition". Sunday Times. 7 February 2012. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  74. ^ Kumar, G. Pramod (10 February 2012). "Dramatic last moments of Nasheed as Maldivian president". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  75. ^ "MNDF and Police Standoff". Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  76. ^ a b "Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed resigns amid unrest". BBC News. 7 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  77. ^ "President Mohamed Nasheed resigns". SunOnline. 7 February 2012. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  78. ^ a b "Maldives issues arrest warrant for Mohamed Nasheed". BBC News. 9 February 2012. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  79. ^ Radhakrishnan, R.K. (9 February 2012). "British stakes in Maldives". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 13 April 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  80. ^ a b "Maldives crisis: Commonwealth urges early elections". BBC News. 22 February 2012. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  81. ^ a b "Former military, police intelligence chiefs claim Nasheed had no choice but to resign". Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  82. ^ "Maldives security forces use violence against peaceful protesters". Amnesty International. 8 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  83. ^ Chua, June (18 September 2011). "Lebanese filmmaker wins top TIFF prize". CBC News. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  84. ^ Saunders, Hilary (24 January 2012). "Radiohead Provide Soundtrack to The Island President Documentary". Paste. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  85. ^ a b Bajaj, Vikas (28 March 2012). "Climate Prophet in Hot Water: 'The Island President' and Mohamed Nasheed of the Maldives". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  86. ^ The Island President at Rotten Tomatoes
  87. ^ The Island President at Metacritic Edit this at Wikidata
  88. ^ Watts, Jonathan (1 November 2021). "Ex-Maldives president to tell Cop26: do not compromise on 1.5C". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 12 February 2024.
  89. ^ "China lost global leadership claims at COP26, says ex-Maldives president". POLITICO. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2024.
  90. ^ "Planet Earth III Episode 8 Heroes - Everything you need to know". Retrieved 12 February 2024.
  91. ^ "Maldives presidential election re-run". BBC News. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  92. ^ "Maldives top court annuls September 7 presidential vote, sets new election". 7 October 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  93. ^ "Maldives election: Abdulla Yameen wins run-off vote". BBC News. 16 November 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  94. ^ "Maldives ex-President Mohamed Nasheed trial to start". BBC News. 30 September 2012. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  95. ^ Siddique, Haroon (1 October 2012). "Maldives postpones trial of former president Mohamed Nasheed". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  96. ^ "Maldives arrests former president". BBC News. 8 October 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  97. ^ "Maldives ex-president freed". The Australian. Australian Associated Press. 10 October 2012. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  98. ^ Maldives ex-president Mohamed Nasheed seeks refuge in Indian embassy Archived 6 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine, NDTV, 13 February 2013, accessed on 13 February 2013.
  99. ^ Maldives issues arrest warrant against former mission prez Mohamed Nasheed Archived 6 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine, The Economic Times, 13 February 2013, accessed on 13 February 2013.
  100. ^ "Former leader Mohamed Nasheed arrested in Maldives". BBC News. 5 March 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  101. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed released from police custody". The New Indian Express. 6 March 2013. Archived from the original on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  102. ^ "Govt won't hasten Nasheed's trial, says Pres". 16 February 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  103. ^ "Maldives arrests ex-president". Al Jazeera. 13 February 2015. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  104. ^ "BBC News - Maldives ex-leader Mohammed Nasheed jailed for 13 years". BBC News. 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  105. ^ "Maldives sentences Mohamed Nasheed to 13 years in prison". The Indian Express. 14 March 2015. Archived from the original on 14 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  106. ^ "Maldives". 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  107. ^ a b "Politics in the Maldives". The Economist. 20 February 2016. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  108. ^ "Nasheed to travel to UK for surgery". Maldives Independent. 16 January 2016. Archived from the original on 2 December 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  109. ^ "Nasheed seeks jail leave extension". The Hindu. PTI. 23 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  110. ^ Paddock, Richard C. (27 August 2016). "Embattled Maldives President Faces Accusations of Corruption, Past and Present". NYT. Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  111. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed: Former Maldives president 'given UK asylum'". BBC News. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  112. ^ Malé, Agence France-Presse in (27 June 2016). "Maldives court upholds jail sentence against former president". the Guardian. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  113. ^ Ali, Humam (28 May 2019). "Nasheed elected parliament speaker". Raajje. Archived from the original on 22 December 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  114. ^ Srinivasan, Meera (30 March 2020). "COVID-19: Maldives Parliament meets online, discusses strategies". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  115. ^ Abdul Hadi, Ahmedulla (17 June 2020). "Parliament still targeting for regular sittings in Majlis". SunOnline International. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  116. ^ "Parliament sitting begins with MPs and Speaker wearing masks". One Online. 26 May 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  117. ^ "How the Parliament of Maldives built a virtual chamber". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 21 April 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  118. ^
  119. ^ "Sri Lanka: President Gotabaya Rajapaksa flees the country on military jet". BBC News. 13 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  120. ^ "Sri Lankan president Gotabaya Rajapaksa flees the country". the Guardian. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  121. ^ Srinivasan, Meera (9 July 2022). "Gotabaya to resign on July 13 after protesters storm his home, office". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  122. ^ "Sri Lanka's President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to step down".
  123. ^ "Nasheed faces heavy criticism for allegedly facilitating Gotabaya's escape". 13 July 2022.
  124. ^ Samuel Devaraj; Deepanraj Ganesan; Charissa Yon (14 July 2022). "Sri Lankan leader Rajapaksa arrives in S'pore, tenders his resignation as president | The Straits Times". Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  125. ^ ""President Rajapaksa would not have resigned if he were still in Sri Lanka" - Nasheed". Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  126. ^ "Nasheed to contest against Pres Solih in MDP Presidential Primary". The Edition. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  127. ^ "Nasheed: Removal of MDP members will become reason for President's defeat". SunOnline International. 25 January 2023. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  128. ^ Udhma, Fathmath (29 January 2023). "Pres. Solih wins MDP Presidential Primary 2023". Raajje.
  129. ^ "Maldives arrests third suspect in Nasheed assassination attempt". NewsComAu. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  130. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed: Maldives ex-president in critical condition after bomb blast". BBC News. 7 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  131. ^ a b Ratcliffe, Rebecca (8 May 2021). "Former Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed critically injured in bomb blast". Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  132. ^ "Nasheed barely escaped death, fragments missed heart by a centimeter: ADK Hospital". 8 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  133. ^ a b "Maldives bombing: 'Prime suspect' in attack on Mohamed Nasheed arrested". BBC News. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  134. ^ "May 6 blast suspects remanded into custody". 9 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  135. ^ "Terror attack suspects deny involvement". One Online. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  136. ^ Abdul Hadi, Ahmedulla (9 May 2021). "May 6 terror suspects deny involvement in blast". SunOnline International. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  137. ^ "Ex-Maldives president flies to Germany after bomb attack". Deutsche Welle. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  138. ^ "Mohamed Nasheed flies to Germany to treat blast wounds". Financial Express. The Associated Press. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  139. ^ "President receives Coral Cultivation Initiative Award". The President's Office. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  140. ^ "Anna Lindh Prize 2009 to President of the Maldives" Archived 20 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine,
  141. ^ "Maldives President 'Not Stupid'" Archived 11 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine,
  142. ^ "Heroes of the Environment 2008: Leaders & Visionaries: Mohamed Nasheed" Archived 28 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Ishaan Tharoor, Time.
  143. ^ "Press Releases April 2010 – Green Economy Takes Centre Stage at UNEP 2010 Champions of the Earth Awards – United Nations Environment Programme". UNEP. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  144. ^ "The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers". December 2010. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  145. ^ "Mauritius Awards Highest Order to President of the Maldives". Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  146. ^ "David Cameron, we have a few questions for you..." The Guardian. London. 25 November 2011. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  147. ^ "President Mohamed Nasheed of the Maldives to Receive "The James Lawson Award"". International Center on Nonviolent Conflict. 27 June 2012. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by President of the Maldives
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Chairperson of SAARC
Succeeded by