Mohamed Ould Ghazouani

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Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (general uniform).jpg
9th President of Mauritania
Assumed office
1 August 2019
Prime MinisterMohamed Salem Ould Béchir
Ismail Ould Bedde Ould Cheikh Sidiya
Preceded byMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Defence Minister for Mauritania
In office
October 2018 – 15 March 2019
PresidentMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Prime MinisterMohamed Salem Ould Béchir
Preceded byJallow Mamadou Bhatia
Succeeded byYahya Ould Hademine
Chief of Army Staff
In office
2008–2018
PresidentMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Preceded byMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded byMohamed Cheikh Ould Mohamed Lemine
Personal details
Born
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani

(1956-12-31) December 31, 1956 (age 62)[1]
Boumdeid, Assaba Region, Colonial Mauritania
NationalityMauritanian
Political partyUnion for the Republic
Spouse(s)Mariam Mint Mohamed Vadhel Ould Dah
Children5[1]

Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ahmed Ould Ghazouani (Arabic: محمد ولد الشيخ محمد أحمد ولد الغزواني‎; born 31 December 1956), also known as Ghazouani[2] and Ould Ghazouani,[3] is a Mauritanian retired general and politician who is the President of Mauritania,[4] assuming office on 1 August 2019.[5]

He is a former General Director of National Security[1] and former Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of Mauritania (2008–2018).[6] He was Defence Minister for Mauritania from October 2018 to March 2019.[7][8] A close ally of Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, Ghazouani was elected as President of Mauritania on 22 June 2019 following the presidential election.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Ghazouani was born in Boumdeid, Assaba region on 31 December 1956.[9] He belongs to a well-known Sufi family in Mauritania. Ghazouani is the son of a spiritual leader of the Maraboutique tribe Ideiboussat.[10] Ghazouani is a memorizer of the Quran.[11] He is married to a doctor, Mariam Mint Mohamed Vadhel Ould Dah.[10][12] They have five children.[13]

Career[edit]

Military career[edit]

He joined the Mauritanian Army in the late 1970s. He continued his training as an officer in Morocco. He received a baccalaureate degree, a master's degree in Administration and Military Sciences, and completed several war training certificates and courses.[13][14]

Ghazouani is a ally of current President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz,[15] and was his partner in the overthrow of President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi in 2008, and was a member of the military council that ousted former President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya In 2005.[16][8]

Political career[edit]

In October 2018, President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz named him as defence minister of Mauritania.[8][17]

On 1 March 2019, Ghazouani announced his candidacy for the presidency, seeking to replace President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.[18][3][2] On 15 March he resigned as defence minister to pursue his presidential ambition.[19]

On 22 June 2019, he became Mauritania's elected president after a presidential election against five candidates in a race to the "gray palace".[13]

On 1 August 2019, he was sworn in as 9th President of Mauritania.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "السيرة الذاتية للفريق محمد ولد الغزواني - أقــــلام حرة". aqlame.com.
  2. ^ a b "غزواني يعلن ترشحه للانتخابات الرئاسية". March 1, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "ولد الغزواني: للعهد عندي معناه، وأسعى لتحقيق طموح الشعب". الأخبار: أول وكالة أنباء موريتانية مستقلة. March 1, 2019.
  4. ^ "Ghazouani sworn in as new Mauritanian president: CENI". www.aa.com.tr.
  5. ^ a b "Mauritania Constitutional Council Confirms Mohamed Ould Ghazouani as President". Voice of America.
  6. ^ "Mohamed Ould Ghazouani Declares himself Winner of Mauritania Presidential Polls". Asharq AL-awsat.
  7. ^ "صديق الرئيس وزيرا للدفاع.. ماذا يرتّب جنرالات موريتانيا قبيل الرئاسيات؟". www.aljazeera.net.
  8. ^ a b c "Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, Mauritania's new president". www.aa.com.tr.
  9. ^ سيدي, أحمد ولد. "من هو الرئيس الموريتاني الجديد؟". alaraby.
  10. ^ a b "Mauritanie : Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, l'homme de l'ombre". November 20, 2012.
  11. ^ "رئيس موريتانيا الجديد.. حفظ القرآن مبكرا وهو أول "فريق" في الجيش". الأخبار. August 3, 2019.
  12. ^ "في أول ظهور إعلامي لها زوجة وزير الدفاع ومرشح الرئاسيات ولد الغزواني تتحدث في مقابلة | الحقيقة". www.alhakika.info.
  13. ^ a b c "محمد ولد الشيخ الغزواني.. من هو رئيس موريتانيا الجديد؟". سكاي نيوز عربية.
  14. ^ Welle, Deutsche (23 June 2019). "Mauritania: Former General Mohamed Ould Ghazouani wins presidential election". DW.COM.
  15. ^ "Mauritania opposition challenges ruling party win". June 24, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  16. ^ "ولد الغزواني، جنرال "يخلف" جنرالاً في حكم موريتانيا". June 24, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  17. ^ "Mauritania appointments reflect jockeying for succession | Lamine Ghanmi". AW.
  18. ^ "وزير الدفاع الموريتاني يخلع بزته العسكرية لخلافة رفيقه في القصر". www.aljazeera.net.
  19. ^ "Mauritania's electoral commission confirms Ghazouani win | The Star". thestar.com.
  20. ^ "New government formed in Mauritania". www.aa.com.tr.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
President of Mauritania
2019–present
Incumbent