Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
|Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani|
Mahdavi Kani in 2013
|Chairman of the Assembly of Experts|
8 March 2011 – 21 October 2014
|Preceded by||Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi (acting)|
|Acting Prime Minister of Iran|
2 September 1981 – 29 October 1981
|Preceded by||Mohammad-Javad Bahonar|
|Succeeded by||Mir-Hossein Mousavi|
|Minister of Interior|
20 August 1980 – 1 October 1981
|Prime Minister||Mohammad-Ali Rajai
|Preceded by||Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani|
|Succeeded by||Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri|
|Minister of Justice|
12 August 1980 – 20 August 1980
|Prime Minister||Mohammad-Ali Rajai|
|Preceded by||Ahmad Sayyed Javadi|
|Succeeded by||Assodollah Mobasheri|
6 August 1931|
Kan District, Tehran, Iran
|Died||21 October 2014
|Political party||Combatant Clergy Association|
|Spouse(s)||Nesa Khaton Sorkhei (1960–2014, his death)|
|Children||Maryam (b. 1961)
Mohammad Saeed (b. 1966)
Mehdieh (b. 1972)
|Alma mater||Qom Seminary|
|Years of service||1979–1982|
|Commands||Chief Commander of Revolutionary Committees|
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani (Persian: محمدرضا مهدوی کنی, 6 August 1931 – 21 October 2014) was an Iranian cleric, writer and conservative politician who was Acting Prime Minister of Iran from 2 September until 29 October 1981. Before that, he was Minister of Interior and Minister of Justice in the cabinets of Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He was the leader of Combatant Clergy Association and Chairman of the Assembly of Experts and also founder and president of Imam Sadiq University.
On 4 June 2014, Mahdavi Kani was hospitalized in Bahman Hospital and went into a coma after suffering a heart attack. He died on 21 October 2014.
Mahdavi Kani was born on 6 August 1931 in the village of Kan, near Tehran. His father was an Ayatollah and taught in the Mofid School. After he finished basic education in Kan, he studied at Borhan High School in Tehran. He left for Qom in 1947 to study at a religious seminary. His teachers included Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Reza Golpayegani, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Boroujerdi and Allameh Sayyed Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei.
He comes back to Tehran in 1961 to teach religious sciences. In that Time, most of clerics participated in protests against Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi known in that Time as “taghoot”. Mahdavi kani also added to these clerics and formed alliance with Ayatollah khoemeini. Also He imprisoned by Shah three times.
After the demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Mahdavi Kani went back to Tehran and continued his struggle against the Pahlavi regime, something which he had started since he was 18, during the time of Ayatollah Boroujerdi. He was considerably active and effective in his participation in the Islamic movement of Iran led by Khomeini. Before the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Khomeini to the Revolutionary Council and later took up various political and religious positions. He was the leader of the Combatant Clergy Association, which he cofounded in 1977. Mahdavi Kani refused to join Islamic Republican Party in 1979, because he believed clerics should remain non-partisan.
He served as the minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Ali Rajai to succeeding Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He was reappointed as minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He became the interim prime minister on 2 September 1981 and was in office until 29 October 1981. He was also chairman of provisional presidential council, after the assassination of president Mohammad Ali Rajai and prime minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar. He has also been a member of the Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, to review and amend the Constitution of Iran in 1989. He was also elected as member of the assembly in 2008 in a by-election from Tehran.
He was elected as chairman of the Assembly of Experts on 8 March 2011 after Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned from office. In March 2013, he was reelected to the post for further two years.
Illness and death
He was hospitalized for a stroke on Ruhollah Khomeini's death anniversary, which brought him to coma on 4 June 2014. He was in coma for more than five months and died on 21 October 2014 at the age of 83. Mahdavi Kani was survived by his three children, eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Hours after Mahdavi Kani's death, his office announced that his state funeral will be held on 23 October and his body will be buried at Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani also announced two days of mourning in his memorial.
The following works of Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani are published:
- The Beginning Points in Practical Ethics
- The Book of Beest goftar (20 Discourses)
- Starting Points in Practical Logic
- The Basics and Principles of Islamic Economy in Holy Koran
- The Explanation of Iftitah Prayer
- Jedinia, Mehdi. "Iranian officials mourn powerful cleric". al-monitor. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Lorentz, John H. (2010). The A to Z Guide Series. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810876385.
- Shone, Alex. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani: profile of the new chairman of Iran's Assembly of Experts". Defence Viewpoints. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Hiro, Dilip (2013). Iran Under the Ayatollahs (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. ISBN 978-0415669696.
- Staff, writer. "Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani in the 15 parts of Islamic republic's history (Persian)". IRNA. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. 13 March 1980. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Hosseini, Mir M. "Interim Government Formed". Fourman. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- "Iran's Assembly of Experts re-elects Mahdavi-Kani as chairman". Xinhua. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Karami, Arash (6 March 2013). "Iran Mourns Passing of Hugo Chavez". Al Monitor. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Staff writer. "Head of Assembly of Experts dies at 83". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- WINSOR, MORGAN. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani Death: Iranian President Declares Two-Day Mourning After Leading Cleric Dies". International Business Times. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Staff, Writer. "President announced two days of mourning on Mahdavi Kani memorial". Tabnak. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Staff, Writer. "Ayatollah Mohamad Reza Mahdavi Kani, a Brief Biography". Imam sadiq university.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani.|
Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
|Minister of Justice
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
|Minister of Interior
Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
|Acting Prime Minister of Iran
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
|Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
|Party political offices|
|Secretary-General of Combatant Clergy Association
|President of Imam Sadiq University