Mohammad Ali Araki

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Mohammad Ali Araki
محمدعلی اراکی
Religion Shia Islam (Usuli Twelver)
Other names Persian: محمدعلی اراکی‎‎
Born 1894
Arak, Iran
Died 1994
Tehran, Iran
Senior posting
Title Grand Ayatollah

Mohammad Ali Araki (Persian: محمدعلی اراکی‎‎) (1894 in Arak – 24 November 1994 in Qom) was an Iranian Twelver Shia Marja'. Araki was teacher of many Iranian revolutionary person and was the last survivor from Ruhollah Khomeini's era. When he died, IRNA declared that "he was considered the greatest living Marja'".[1]


Mohammad Ali Araki was born on 1894 in Arak, Iran. He started his education from Arak Hawza. Grand Ayatollah Haeri allowed him to wear the turban and robe because qualified individuals were limited. Also, Araki studied many years in Yazd Hawza. After that he migrated to Qum and continued his studying under supervision of Abdul-Karim Ha'eri Yazdi.[2] After death of Ruhollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Mohammad-Reza Golpaygani was selected by Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom as Marja' for Khomeini's followers and after Golpaygani's death Araki was introduced.[3][4] So, Araki was the last survivor from Ruhollah Khomeini's era.[1]


Ayatollah Araki died at age 101 (in December 1994)[5][1][6] and was buried in Qum.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "MOHAMMAD ALI ARAKI DIES AT 100". The Washington Post. 30 November 1994. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Ayatullah Al-Uzama Mohammed Ali Araki". Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Said Amir Arjomand; Nathan J. Brown (25 March 2013). Rule of Law, Islam, and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran, The. SUNY Press. p. 6o. ISBN 978-1-4384-4598-4. 
  4. ^ David Menashri (5 November 2013). Central Asia Meets the Middle East. Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-135-24150-6. 
  5. ^ Said Amir Arjomand (20 November 2009). After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors. Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-19-973955-4. 
  6. ^ "Araki Events in History". Brainy History. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 

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