Mohammad Amir Khatami
|Mohammad Amir Khatami|
Mohammad Amir Khatami
|Born||9 March 1920|
|Died||12 September 1975 (aged 55)|
Dez Dam, Dezful, Iran
(m. 1945; her death 1947)
Princess Fatimeh Pahlavi
(m. 1960; his death 1975)
|Branch/service|| Imperial Iranian Army|
Imperial Iranian Air Force
|Years of service||1940–1975|
|House||Sharif al-Ulama family|
Pahlavi dynasty (by marriage)
Mohammad Amir Khatami (Persian: محمدامیر خاتمی) (1920 – 12 September 1975), CVO, was the commander of the Iranian air force, advisor to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the second husband of Fatimeh Pahlavi, half-sister of the Shah.
Early life and education
Khatami was born in Rasht in 1920. His father was a tea house owner and later dealt with real estate. His mother was a relative of Imam Jomeh, a significant religious figure in Tehran and a relative of Nasr ed Din Shah.
After graduating from the American High School in Tehran, Khatami then attended the military high school. In 1939, he began to study at the air force branch of the military college and graduated as a second lieutenant. Next he went to the United Kingdom and joined pilot training courses. He graduated from the Royal Air Force College Cranwell. He was also trained at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base, Germany, in the 1950s.
In 1946, Khatami was named personal pilot of the Shah. Days before the 19 August 1953 coup on 16 August, the Shah, accompanied by his second wife Sorayya Esfandiary Bakhtiari and Aboul Fath Atabay, escaped from Iran to Iraq and then to Italy by a plane aviated by Khatami. In 1957, Khatami was appointed chief of staff for the imperial air force. He succeeded Hedayat Gilanshah in the post following the latter's death in a plane crash. Khatami served in this post until his death in 1975.
Khatami married twice. His first spouse was his cousin with whom he had a daughter. She was killed in an accident in 1954. Then Khatami married Princess Fatimeh Pahlavi on 22 November 1959, half-sister of the Shah. The Shah and his then fiancée Farah Diba attended the wedding ceremony.
They had two sons, Kambiz (born 1961) and Ramin (born 1967), and a daughter, Pari (born 1962).
A declassified CIA report argues that Khatami was close to Hossein Fardoust and Taqi Alavikia, and that they were part of a dowreh, or circle of associates. The dowreh, along with familial relations, was a significant element in the political functioning of Iran in the Pahlavi era. Until his death, Khatami raised his wealth to nearly $100 million.
- Commander of the Royal Victorian Order [CVO] (United Kingdom, 2 March 1961).
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Federal Republic of Germany, 21 October 1965).
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- "Fatemeh Pahlevi Dies at 58, A Half Sister to Shah of Iran". The New York Times. AP. 3 June 1987. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Edgar Burke Inlow (1 January 1979). Shahanshah: The Study of Monarachy of Iran. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 91. ISBN 978-81-208-2292-4. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Shah engaged". Toledo Blade. 23 November 1960. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Manouchehr Gangī (2002). Defying the Iranian Revolution: From a Minister to the Shah to a Leader of Resistance. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-275-97187-8. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- (ed.) Gholamali Haddad Adel, Mohammad Jafar Elmi, Hassan Taromi-Rad (1 October 2012). Pahlavi Dynasty: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. MIU Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-908433-01-5. Retrieved 8 April 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)