Mohammad Azharuddin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mohammad Azharuddin
Mohammad Azharuddin (1).jpg
Personal information
Full nameMohammad Azharuddin
Born (1963-02-08) 8 February 1963 (age 58)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
(now in Telangana), India
NicknameAzhar, Ajji, Azzu[1]
BattingRight-handed batsman
BowlingRight-arm medium
RelationsMohammad Asaduddin (son)
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 169)31 December 1984 v England
Last Test2 March 2000 v South Africa
ODI debut (cap 51)20 January 1985 v England
Last ODI3 June 2000 v Pakistan
Domestic team information
1983–2001South Zone
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 99 334 229 433
Runs scored 6,215 9,378 15,855 12,941
Batting average 45.03 36.92 51.98 39.33
100s/50s 22/21 7/58 54/74 11/85
Top score 199 153* 226 161*
Balls bowled 13 552 1432 827
Wickets 0 12 17 15
Bowling average 98.44 46.23 47.26
5 wickets in innings 0 0 0
10 wickets in match 0 0 0
Best bowling 3/19 3/36 3/19
Catches/stumpings 105/– 156/– 220/– 200/–
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 13 February 2009
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
16 May 2009 (2009-05-16) – 16 May 2014 (2014-05-16)
Preceded byShafiqur Rahman Barq
Succeeded byKunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh
27th President of Hyderabad Cricket Association
Assumed office
27 September 2019
Preceded byDr. G Vivikanand
Personal details
Political partyIndian National Congress
  • Naureen
    (m. 1987; div. 1996)
  • (m. 1996; div. 2010)

Mohammad Azharuddin (born 8 February 1963) also known as Azhar or Azzu among cricket fraternity, is an Indian politician, former cricketer. He is the Working President of Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee. He was the Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha from Moradabad. Renowned as an elegant middle-order batsman and one of India's most successful captains, he played 99 tests and 334 one day matches for India. His international playing career came to an end when he was found to be involved in a match-fixing scandal in 2000 and subsequently banned by the BCCI for life. In 2012, the Andhra Pradesh High Court declared the life ban illegal.[2]

In 2009, Azharuddin was elected as a member of the Parliament from Moradabad on an Indian National Congress party ticket.[3] In September 2019, Azharuddin was elected as the President of Hyderabad Cricket Association.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Azharuddin was born in Hyderabad to Mohammad Azizuddin and Yousuf Sultana. He attended All Saints High School, Hyderabad and graduated from Nizam College, Osmania University with a Bachelor of Commerce degree.[5]

Cricket career[edit]

Born in the Nizam town of Hyderabad in the then state of Andhra Pradesh,(now Telangana).

He was known for his wristy strokeplay, much like Indian cricketer Vishwanath and Pakistani cricketer Zaheer Abbas. Azharuddin made his debut for the Indian cricket team in Test cricket in 1984 against England at Eden Gardens in Kolkata on 31 December 1984, where he scored 110 in his first innings from 322 deliveries, alongside Ravi Shastri who scored 111, in what was ultimately a drawn match. He subsequently scored two more centuries in his next two Test matches. He scored an aggressive 121 against England at Lord's in 1990. India was faced with the prospect of a follow-on when Azharuddin came in to bat at number five and scored his hundred off 88 balls in a losing cause. Former England cricketer Vic Marks called it "the most dazzling Test century" he had ever witnessed, in his column for the Observer.[6] In the Second Test in Manchester, Azharuddin made 179 in reply to England's first innings total of 519. Playing attacking cricket, he made 103 runs off 107 balls between lunch and tea on day three, while putting on a 112-run stand with Sachin Tendulkar. Playing his 39th Test, he reached his 10th Test century off 155 balls.[7] The match ended in a draw.[8] Azharuddin ended the series with 426 runs at 85.20.[9] This tally was the highest by an Asian captain in a Test series in England until 2018 when it was broken by Virat Kohli.[10]

Azharuddin scored a record-equalling century for an Indian player in the Second Test at Calcutta during South Africa's India tour in 1996–97. In reply to South Africa's first innings score of 428, Azharuddin brought up his century off 74 deliveries, equalling Kapil Dev's record for the fastest Test century by an India player and fourth overall, in terms of balls faced.[11][12] Resuming batting on day three on the fall of Javagal Srinath's wicket after retiring hurt the previous evening, Azharuddin reached 50 in 35 balls, then the second fastest for India and scored 91 runs in the first session of play. He struck a 161-run partnership with Anil Kumble for the eighth wicket, another India national record, "hooking and pulling" while dealing with his "weakness against the short-pitched delivery". He particularly attacked Lance Klusener scoring 20 runs off his 14th over. It was his fourth century at this venue and 15th overall.[12][11] However, India was handed one of its biggest defeats despite another attacking innings by Azharuddin in the fourth innings.[13] Azharuddin followed this up with a second-innings century in the next Test, also the last, of the series. He made an unbeaten 163 and helped his team record their hitherto biggest win in Test history in terms of runs (280).[14] He was named the man of the match, and the series.[15] He aggregated 388 runs for the series at 77.60.[16]

Predominantly a middle-order batsman, Azharuddin was known for his attacking brand of cricket and strong slip catching, though continuously struggled against the short ball. Azharuddin played 99 test matches for India and scored 6,215 runs at an average of 45.03, including 22 centuries and 21 half-centuries. His record in ODIs was more impressive, with 9,378 runs from 334 matches at an average of 36.92. As a fielder, he took 156 catches in ODI cricket. Azharuddin started his career with a 110 against England in Kolkata in 1984 and ended with a 102 against South Africa in Banglaore in 2000 thus, becoming the only Indian and the fifth batsman ever to score a century in his first and last Test matches.

Azharuddin was convicted of match-fixing in 2000, and banned for life by the BCCI. During India's 2000 tour of South Africa, a series that was won by India 3–2, Azharuddin scored 112 runs at an average of 28.[17] Other key Indian cricketers whom Azharuddin groomed and also brought into the match-fixing fold displayed similarly dismal performances.


Azharuddin became the captain of the Indian team succeeding Krishnamachari Srikkanth in 1989. He led the Indian team in 47 Test matches and 174 One Day Internationals. He led the team to victory in 90 ODIs, the highest until surpassed by M.S. Dhoni on 2 September 2014.[18] His 14 test match wins as captain was a record until it was beaten by Sourav Ganguly, who has 21 test match wins to his name.[19]

Match Fixing[edit]

Azharuddin was convicted of match-fixing in the match-fixing scandal in 2000.[20] The CBI report states that Azhar was the one to introduce then South African Captain, Hansie Cronje to the bookies.[21] The ICC and the BCCI banned Azharuddin for life based on a report by K Madhavan of the Central Bureau of Investigation.[22] [23]

On 8 November 2012, a Divisional Bench consisting of Justice Ashutosh Mohunta and Krishna Mohan Reddy of the Andhra Pradesh High Court revoked the ban imposed based on the evidence found,court verdicted that ban was illegal although Azhar never come back on field due to age,right now he is chairman of Hyderabad cricket board since 2019.[24][25][26]


Azharuddin was a middle-order batsman of India. He was known for a graceful and fluid batting style. John Woodcock, a cricket writer, said of him, "It's no use asking an Englishman to bat like Mohammad Azharuddin. It would be like expecting a greyhound to win The Derby."[27] Retired cricketer Venkataraghavan stated that "Azharuddin had the best wrists in the game".[19] Mike Atherton and Angus Fraser said Azharuddin's "genius was second only to Brian Lara among batsmen of their generation."[6]

Novelist and cricket historian Arunabha Sengupta said of Azharuddin:

Mohammad Azharuddin, was one of the most delightful batsmen to watch and a superb fielder to boot, whose career ended under a cloud of allegations. Azhar was simply magical. Be it batting or fielding, his willow was a wand, his strokes cast a spell and his motion in the field was hypnotic.[28]

Test career statistics[edit]

Mohammad Azharuddin's career performance graph
Team Runs Average 100s Highest Score
Australia 780 39.00 2 163*
England 1978 58.09 6 182
New Zealand 1152 61.23 2 192
Pakistan 1089 40.47 3 141
South Africa 915 41.00 4 163*
Sri Lanka 1215 55.23 5 199
West Indies 539 28.37 0 97
Zimbabwe 59 14.75 0 42
Total 6215 45.04 22 199

Political career[edit]

Azharuddin formally joined the Indian National Congress party on 19 February 2009. He won the 2009 Indian general election from Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh to become Member of Parliament of India.[29][30] Mohammed Azaharuddin had disclosed his intention to contest the 2019 elections from Secunderabad Parliamentary constituency in 2019.[31]

He is currently holding the position of Working President of Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee.[32][33][34]


Azharuddin was awarded the Arjuna Award in 1986 and the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award, in recognition of his distinguished contribution in the field of sports, in 1988.[35] He was named one of five Wisden's Cricketers of the Year for the year 1991.[36]

Personal life[edit]

Azharuddin married Naureen in 1987 and had two sons with her. In 1996, he divorced her and married actress Sangeeta Bijlani.[19] The marriage reportedly ended in a divorce in 2010 due to Azhar's affair with badminton player Jwala Gutta.[37][38] However the former captain claims he is still married to Sangeeta, dismissing rumors of his 3rd marriage.

He had 2 sons Asaduddin and Ayazuddin. His younger son Ayazuddin died in a road accident in 2011. A large number of VIP's, including the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy and other politicians arrived at the hospital to console Azhar and his family members.[39]

In popular culture[edit]

A Bollywood film Azhar, directed by Tony D'Souza, was based on his life. The film featured Emraan Hashmi as Azharuddin, Nargis Fakhri as Sangeeta Bijlani and Prachi Desai as first wife Naureen. It was released on 13 May 2016.[40] The film was criticized for whitewashing [41] his complicity in the match-fixing scandal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Of comparisons and imitations". The Hindu. 1 March 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh High Court Clears Azhar". Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  3. ^ Choudhury, Angikaar. "Mohammad Azharuddin: The rise and fall of the Nawab of Hyderabad". Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Former India captain Mohammad Azharuddin elected as HCA president". India Today. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Biography of Azhar". Retrieved 12 May 2016..
  6. ^ a b Smyth, Rob (22 July 2011). "The Joy of Six: England v India memories". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  7. ^ Santhanam, S. (12 August 1990). "Azhar (179), Manjrekar (93) put English attack to the sword". The Indian Express. p. 16.
  8. ^ Santhanam, S. (15 August 1990). "Tendulkar (119 n.o.), Prabhakar rescue India". The Indian Express. p. 18.
  9. ^ Bland, Gareth (17 February 2016). "In praise of Azhar".
  10. ^ "King Kohli Slams 23rd Test Ton, Pips Dhoni & Records he Broke". India Today. 20 August 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  11. ^ a b Menon, Mohandas (30 November 1996). "Azhar's record breaking knock". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 24 April 1997. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  12. ^ a b Jaishankar, Vedam (30 November 1996). "Amazing Azhar onslaught revives India at Eden". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 24 April 1997. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  13. ^ Jaishankar, Vedam (2 December 1996). "Indians remain clueless to Klusener". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 22 April 1997. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Biggest margin". The Indian Express. 13 December 1996. Archived from the original on 22 April 1997. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  15. ^ Magazine, Pradeep (13 December 1996). "India wrap up victory quickly". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 22 April 1997. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Cricket Records / Records / South Africa in India Test Series, 1996/97 / Most runs". ESPN cricinfo. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Virat Kohli has to behave like a captain, says Mohammad Azharuddin". The Indian Express. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  19. ^ a b c "Azhar: Here's all the real-life drama from Mohammad Azharuddin's life". Indian Express. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  20. ^ The CBI Report in Full – Part 26 (Report). 1 November 2000. Retrieved 21 December 2010 – via
  21. ^ The CBI Report in Full – Part 25 (Report). 1 November 2000. Retrieved 21 December 2010 – via
  22. ^ Full text of the CBI (Report). Central Bureau of Investigation, New Delhi. 1 November 2000. Retrieved 21 December 2010 – via
  23. ^
  24. ^ "AP high court lifts ban on Azharuddin". Wisden India. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Match fixing scandal". The Hindu. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  26. ^ "Match fixing charges: Andhra court says life ban on Azharuddin illegal". NDTV. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  27. ^ Astill, James (2013). The Great Tamasha: Cricket, corruption and the turbulent rise of modern India. Wisden Sports Writing. p. 132. ISBN 978-1408156926.
  28. ^ "Mohammad Azharuddin: The magician who made batting look stunningly surreal". 7 February 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Azhar starts new innings". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  30. ^ "Detailed Profile: Shri Mohammed Azharuddin". Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  31. ^ Azaharuddin keen on contesting from Secunderabad LS seat
  32. ^ "President of Pradesh Congress Committee". Indian National Congress.[verification needed]
  33. ^ "Mohammad Azharuddin appointed working president of Telangana Congress". Hindustan Times. 30 November 2018.
  34. ^ Supriya Bhardwaj (30 November 2018). "New innings: Mohammad Azharuddin is Congress's working president in Telangana". India Today.
  35. ^ "List of Arjuna Awardees". Odisha book. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  36. ^ Popham, Peter (5 November 2000). "Azhar's world in ruins". The Independent. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  37. ^ "Jwala in, Bijli out of Azharuddin's life?". The Times of India. 24 July 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  38. ^ "Azhar dating badminton player Jwala Gutta". India tv News. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  39. ^ "Speed thrilled, killed 200 kmph Ayaz". 18 September 2011.
  40. ^ "Azhar Plot Summary". Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  41. ^ "Sorry Bollywood, The Truth About Azhar Lies in His Own Confessions". Retrieved 14 July 2016.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Krishnamachari Srikkanth
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1989/90 – 1996
Succeeded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Preceded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1997/98 – 1998/99
Succeeded by
Sachin Tendulkar