Hasan Akhund

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Hasan Akhund
محمد حسن اخوند
Acting Prime Minister of Afghanistan
Assumed office
7 September 2021
HeadHibatullah Akhundzada
DeputyAbdul Ghani Baradar (acting)
Abdul Salam Hanafi (acting)
Preceded byAbdul Kabir (acting, 2001)
Deputy Prime Minister of Afghanistan
In office
27 September 1996 – 13 November 2001
Prime MinisterMohammad Rabbani
Abdul Kabir (acting)
LeaderMohammed Omar
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAbdul Ghani Baradar (2021)
Abdul Salam Hanafi (acting)
Personal details
BornBetween 1945 and 1958
Pashmul, Panjwayi District (now in Zhari District), Kandahar Province, Kingdom of Afghanistan
Political party Taliban

Mohammad Hasan Akhund[a] (born between 1945 and 1958) is an Afghan Taliban leader who is currently serving as the acting Prime Minister of Afghanistan. Akhund is one of the four founding members of the Taliban and has been a senior leading member of the movement.[1] In the first Taliban government (1996–2001), Akhund served as the deputy foreign minister and deputy prime minister of Afghanistan.

Early life[edit]

Hasan Akhund is from southern Afghanistan.[2] According to UN Security Council data, he was born in Pashmul, which at the time of his birth was in Panjwayi District, but is now in Zhari District, in Kandahar Province of the Kingdom of Afghanistan. The UN has two estimates for his year of birth, being approximately 1945–1950 and approximately 1955–1958.[3] Al-Jazeera says that Hasan Akhund's Pashtun lineage descends from Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of the Durrani Empire in 1747.[4]

He studied in various Islamic seminaries in Afghanistan.[5] Unlike many Taliban leaders, Hasan Akhund did not participate in the Soviet–Afghan War.[6]

Political career[edit]

Hasan Akhund is one of the oldest members of the Taliban, and was a close associate of Mohammed Omar, the first leader of the movement.[5] During the Taliban rule (1996–2001), he served as the foreign minister of Afghanistan from 1998 to 27 October 1999,[7] and was also the deputy prime minister during their rule. Like many other senior Taliban, he is subject to United Nations sanctions related to the sheltering of terrorist groups.[4]

Hasan Akhund was on Kabul's six-man Supervisory Council in 1995.[8][dubious ]

During the period of insurgency (2001–2021), Hasan Akhund was intermittently a member of the Quetta Shura.[9] In 2013, he was the chief of the Taliban's commissions and the head of the recruitment commission.[10]

Following the Taliban's return to power in 2021, Hasan Akhund was appointed interim Prime Minister.[11] His appointment was seen as a compromise between the Taliban's moderate and hardline figures.[12] He took office on 7 September 2021.[13][14]

Other[edit]

He is the author of several works on Islam.[4] According to BBC News Hasan Akhund is more influential on the religious side of the Taliban, as opposed to the military side.[12] A United States Institute for Peace analyst argued that he was more of a political person.[15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pashto: محمد حسن اخوند[mʊˈhamad haˈsan ɑˈxund]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Afghanistan: Who's who in the Taliban leadership". BBC News. 7 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Hibatullah Akhundzada to Lead Taliban Govt". TOLOnews. 9 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021. Mullah Hassan Akhundzada, 65, who is the Prime Minister (head of state) is originally from Shah Walikot district of Kandahar province.
  3. ^ "Security Council 1988 Committee Amends 105 Entries on Its Sanctions List | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Profile: Mohammad Hasan Akhund, the head of Taliban government". Al-Jazeera. 7 September 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Profile: Who is Afghanistan's new caretaker prime minister?". The Express Tribune. 8 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Explained: Who is Mullah Hasan Akhund? What does the Taliban's choice of interim prime minister mean for Afghanistan?". The Hindu. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  7. ^ Adamec, Ludwig W. (2012). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan (4th ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 69. ISBN 9780810879577. [1999] 27 October: Mulla Mutawakil is named minister of foreign affairs, replacing Mulla Hasan Akhund.
  8. ^ Kamal Matinuddin (2000). The Taliban Phenomenon. p. 45.
  9. ^ Peter Bergen (2013). Talibanistan. Oxford University Press. p. 9.
  10. ^ Seth G. Jones (2017). Waging Insurgent Warfare: Lessons from the Vietcong to the Islamic State. Oxford University Press. p. 99.
  11. ^ Whiteside, Philip (7 September 2021). "Afghanistan: Who's who in the new Taliban government". Sky News. Sky UK. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Hardliners get key posts in new Taliban government". BBC News. 7 September 2021.
  13. ^ "گروه طالبان حکومت جدید خود را با رهبری ملا حسن اخوند اعلام کرد". BBC News فارسی.
  14. ^ "Taliban announce new government for Afghanistan". BBC News. 7 September 2021.
  15. ^ Alasdair Pal. "Factbox: Mohammad Hasan Akhund: Veteran Taliban leader becomes acting Afghan PM". Reuters.