Muhammad Khan Junejo

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Muhammad Khan Junejo
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
23 March 1985 – 29 May 1988
President Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Succeeded by Benazir Bhutto
Minister of Defence
In office
23 March 1985 – 29 May 1988
Deputy Ijlal Haider Zaidi
(Defence Secretary)
Preceded by Zia-ul-Haq
Succeeded by Mahmoud Haroon
(caretaker)
Minister of Railways
In office
July 05 1978 – 23 April 1979
Preceded by N. A. Qureshi
Succeeded by Major-General Jamal Said Khan
In office
1965–1969
President Ayub Khan
Preceded by F.M. Khan
Succeeded by Admiral S.M. Ahsan
Minister of Health, Communications and Labour
In office
1963–1965
President of Pakistan Muslim League
In office
23 March 1985 – 29 May 1988
Preceded by Zahoor Illahi
Succeeded by Pir Pagara
Personal details
Born Muhammad Khan Junejo
(1932-08-18)August 18, 1932
Sindhri Tharparkar in Mirpur Khas, Sind, British India
(Present-day Pakistan)
Died March 18, 1993(1993-03-18) (aged 60)
Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Cause of death Leukemia
Resting place Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Citizenship  Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League
(1962–1988)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Muslim League (J)
(1988-93
Alma mater St. Patrick's College
Plumpton College, United Kingdom

Mohammad Khan Junejo (Urdu: محمد خان جونیجو Sindhi :محمد خان جوڻيجو), August 18, 1932–March 18, 1993), was a Pakistani politician and an agriculturist who served as the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan, having elected in this capacity in 1985 until being dismissed in 1988.

Junejo, a powerful landowner, was educated in Karachi, having attend the St. Patrick's College, and was trained as an agriculturist at the Agricultural Institute near Hastings in the United Kingdom. He gained public notice when he joined the Ayub administration and subsequently held cabinet portfolio of railways, health, communications and labour from 1963–69.

After participating in general elections held in 1988, he was chosen to form the government on a Pakistan Muslim League's platform, of which, he took over the party's presidency. His government was noted for the support of conservatism, austerity measures that ultimately reduces the government budget deficits and repealed the emergency laws to allow the freedom of press and media in the country.[1] Despite strong resistance and fierce opposition from President Zia-ul-Haq, Junejo authorized his Foreign Minister Yakob Khan to sign and ratified the Geneva Accords in 1988. His relations with President Zia-ul-Haq also soured when he opened the parliamentary inquiry on Ojhri Camp disaster, also in 1988.

On 29 May 1988, Prime Minister Junejo was dismissed by President Zia who leveled charges on incompetency and economic stagflation and immediately called for new general elections. After the general elections held in 1988, he led his own faction while being ceremonial party's presidency.

In 1993, Junejo reportedly suffered from Leukemia (a form of Cancer), and died while undergoing treatment at the John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 18 August 1932 at Sindhri in Mirpur Khas of Sindh. He was born to a family of agricultural landowners, and as a result he went to Hastings, England, to study at the agricultural institute.[2]

Political career[edit]

Junejo's political career began shortly after graduating, when he was elected to Sanghar District council. He became a member of the Pakistan Muslim League and was then elected to the West Pakistan Provincial Assembly. Under Ayub Khan, Junejo served as the Minister for West Pakistan railways.[2]

In 1977 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq declared martial law, while Junejo served in a series of minor government posts. Following the 1985 elections, in which candidates were unable to represent a political party, Zia appointed Junejo as his Prime Minister.[3] Zia assumed that Junejo would provide little opposition to Zia's programme; however Junejo began his term by pushing for the end of marial law and the re-introduction of political parties. Zia ended martial law in December 1985, less than a year after Junejo's appointment.[2]

It was shortly after the re-introduction of political parties that Junejo formed the element of the Pakistan Muslim League that became PML-J, following his death.[4]

Zia dismissed the Junejo government in 1988, following an investigation into the Ojhri Camp disaster, and its decision to sign the Geneva Accords on Afghanistan.[5]

Junejo lost his government seat in the 1988 elections. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1990 and remained head of the PML. He held these posts until his death three years later.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khalid, Hanif. "muhammad-khan-junejo". Gallery. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Ahmed Rashid (19 March 1993). "Obituary: Muhammad Khan Junejo". Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Lyon 2008, pp. 93.
  4. ^ Lyon 2008, pp. 120.
  5. ^ Kamal Siddiqi (14 April 1998). "Ojhri disaster saw end of Junejo govt: Report". Indian Express. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

Lyons, Peter (2008), Conflict between India and Pakistan: an encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 9781576077122 

Political offices
Preceded by
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime Minister of Pakistan
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Benazir Bhutto
Minister of Defence
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Haroon
Acting
Preceded by
Sardar Khan Lodi
Minister of the Interior
1985
Succeeded by
Muhammad Aslam Khan Khattak