Mohammad Musa Shafiq

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Mohammad Musa Shafiq
محمد موسی شفيق
Prime Minister of Afghanistan
In office
12 December 1972 – 17 July 1973
MonarchMohammad Zahir Shah
Preceded byAbdul Zahir
Succeeded byNur Muhammad Taraki (1978–1979)
Personal details
Kama District, Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan
Kabul, Afghanistan
Resting placeUnknown
Political partyIndependent
Alma materAl-Azhar University, Columbia University
OccupationPolitician, Poet

Mohammad Musa Shafiq (1932–1979) was Prime Minister of Afghanistan. He was an Afghan politician and poet. He became Foreign Minister in 1971 and Prime Minister in December 1972. He lost both positions when Mohammed Zahir Shah was overthrown on July 17, 1973. He survived throughout the regime of Mohammed Daoud Khan, but was arrested after the 1978 communist coup d'état and executed along with many other anti-communist politicians in 1979.

Early life[edit]

Mohammad Musa Shafiq was born in Kama district, Nangarhar province, Afghanistan in 1932. Son of prominent Afghan politicians, civil servants and religious leader Mawlawi Mohammad Ibraheem Kamavi.


Mohammad Musa Shafiq was graduated from Kabul Arabic Religious High School. He earned his Master's degree from Al-Azhar University in Egypt after which he earned an additional Master's degree from Columbia University in New York, United States of America.[1]

Prime minister[edit]

As Prime Minister, Shafiq supported reforms of the largely conservative society of Afghanistan. He also sought closer ties with the United States and promised a crack-down on opium growing and smuggling. Other than that, he was also responsible for solving the then ongoing water dispute with Iran on diplomatic terms.[2] Shafiq was prime Minister for seven months.


  1. ^ Biography of Mohammad Musa Shafiq, Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  2. ^ Anderson, Jack (2 March 1973) "The Afghanistan Connection" The Syracuse Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York) page 5, column 3