Mohammad Omar Daudzai
|Mohammad Omar Daudzai|
Daudzai in 2013.
1 September 2013 – December 2014
|Preceded by||Ghulam Mujtaba Patang|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Ayub Salangi (acting)|
|Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan|
18 April 2011 – 31 August 2013
|Afghan Chief of Staff|
2007 – April 2011
|Preceded by||Jawed Ludin|
|Afghan Ambassador to Iran|
|Preceded by||Mohammad Najibullah|
|Succeeded by||Yahya Maroofi|
|Afghan Chief of Staff|
|Preceded by||Said Tayeb Jawad|
|Succeeded by||Jawed Ludin|
|Born||October 12, 1957
Qarabagh District, Kabul
|Political party||Independent, Former Hezbi Islami|
|Occupation||Politician, Diplomat, Former Aid Worker|
Mohammad Omar Daudzai (Pashto: محمد عمر داودزی - born October 12, 1957) is a leading Politician in Afghanistan, most recently having served as the Minister of Interior during the challenging 2014 electoral year (September 2013 to October 2014). He is credited for ably managing the security arrangements of the two rounds of 2014 elections, and the risk of post-election violence. After a career with international non-governmental organizations including the United Nations Development Program in Geneva, Daudzai started work as two term Chief of Staff of Afghan President Hamid Karzai from 2003 to 2005 and then from 2007 to around 2010. From 2005 until 2007, President Karzai appointed him as Afghan Ambassador in Iran. He then served as Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan, tasked with advancing efforts to reach a political solutions to the war in Afghanistan. Noted amongst the strong potential successors to President Karzai, in September 2013 he was asked to serve as Afghan Minister of the Interior in Kabul and instead ensure security for the elections.
Known for being a key operative of the post-2011 Afghanistan, Daudzai's influence in Afghanistan's politics is a product of taking on some of the challenging tasks under President Karzai that required tactful management. The Atlantic profiled him as: "A soft-spoken former aid worker, Daudzai served as the president’s liaison to the many warlords and strongmen he had to keep in check—both to ensure stability and to secure his reelection in 2009. While Daudzai was once associated with the conservative Hizb-e-Islami party, the 56-year-old...is more pragmatic in his worldview. When Karzai made an ultimately unsuccessful push for reconciliation with the Taliban in 2011, he dispatched Daudzai as his ambassador to Pakistan. To express his displeasure with the Americans, who tried to oust him during his 2009 reelection campaign, Karzai replaced Daudzai as chief of staff with Abdul Karim Khurram, a conservative former culture minister with an anti-American reputation."
Since the formation of the National Unity Government in Afghanistan, Daudzai has left official office ( December 2014) and continues to work in Afghanistan's politics through supporting youth groups, and mobilizing politically influentials people and organizations in support of strengthening the country's democratic order. He has also emerged as a critic of President Ashraf Ghani's unbalanced regional diplomacy and pursuit of unilateral closeness to Pakistan—arguing in a NYT oped that "rather than expect a miraculous U-turn from Islamabad, Mr. Ghani’s government would do better to use its resources, and the international community’s continued support, to concentrate on its main purpose: consolidating the Afghan state."
- 1 Early life and Education
- 2 80s and 90s: Anti-Soviet Jihad and Association with Hezbi Islami
- 3 1996-2003: UN Employee
- 4 2003-2005: Afghan Chief of Staff
- 5 2005-2007 Ambassador in Iran
- 6 2007-Present: Return as Chief of Staff
- 7 References
Early life and Education
Mohammad Omar Daudzai was born on October 12, 1957 in the Qarabagh District of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. He grew up and completed his primary education in his home district of Qarabagh. In order to continue his higher education, Omar moved to the capital city Kabul.
80s and 90s: Anti-Soviet Jihad and Association with Hezbi Islami
During the 1980s Daudzai became active in the resistance against the Sovjet-occupation and joined the Mujahideen group of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar: Hezbi Islami. While still influential with the former cadre of Hebi Islami who are active in Afghanistan's politics, Daudzai has ended his official ties with the party reportedly after the Soviet withdrawal in 1989 and remains politically independent.
1996-2003: UN Employee
During the Taliban era Daudzai decided to settle in Peshawar, Pakistan, and began working for the organization Save the Children. While working there through a scholarship program, he was able to go to the Victoria University in the United Kingdom for his Masters in Science. After completing his Masters he came back to work for the Swedish Committee in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. In 1996 he moved to Islamabad, Pakistan, where he started working for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). In 2001 he moved to Geneva, Switzerland, where he assumed the role of "Area Development Specialist" in UNDP Geneva.
2003-2005: Afghan Chief of Staff
In November 2003 Daudzai was approached by the Afghan Transitional Administration to assume the office of the Chief of Staff of the President and took the position. At that time, the key challenge was establishing the Afghan state amidst an environment full of traditional power holders and illegal militias. Commenting on how only few militias have disarmed, he said: "Any force not part of the Afghan National Army is a challenge, but this is reality, so we ought to deal with it diplomatically and peacefully. I hope we will succeed."
2005-2007 Ambassador in Iran
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2007-Present: Return as Chief of Staff
In 2007, he replaced Jawed Ludin and resumed the position of the Chief of Staff for Afghan President Hamid Karzai.
Peace Talks and the Taliban Imposer Episode
In the summer of 2010, outside Daudzai's influence, Karzai sat down with a man believed to be former Taliban Cabinet minister Akhtar Muhammad Mansour to discuss peace between the Taliban and the Afghan Government. According to Daudzai, it later turned out the man wasn't Mansour at all, but an imposter who was just a shopkeeper in Quetta. Daudzai blamed the British for this debacle, because he said that they brought the man in front of Karzai. "International partners should not get excited so quickly with those kinds of things," Daudzai said, adding that the incident shows that the Afghan peace talks should be "Afghan-led and fully Afghanized." According to Wikileaks Cables Daudzai also believed that the Norwegians might have been fooled into meeting self-proclaimed members of the Taliban who may in fact not have been Taliban members at all. Daudzai claimed that he had never heard anything about contact between the Taliban and Norwegian authorities.
Cash Aid from Iran to Hamid Karzai's Office
In 2010, there were rumors that then President Hamid Karzai's office was receiving bags filled with cash from Iranian officials. Karzai acknowledged and accepted the fact that the Government of Iran has been providing millions of dollars directly to his office. Karzai told reporters he had instructed Daudzai to accept the money from Tehran. "It is official and by my order," Karzai said. Iranians also stated that the report was indeed true. Two weeks after the controversy about the Iranian money Daudzai came out to the Afghan Media for an open interview. In the interview Daudzai showed piles of files that proved that every cent of the money coming from Iran were spent on government expenses only and that he had record for all the money that came from Iran. He also claimed that Iranian money had been coming to Afghanistan since 2002 but the issue was brought out only now in order to pressure the Karzai government for political reasons and that since 2002 also the US, the UK and Japan had provided the presidential office with cash assistance. According to Newsweek, nearly every encounter between Afghan and Iranian officials ends up with the Iranians proffering a sack of cash.
According to wikileaks cables Daudzai told deputy US ambassador Francis Ricciardone already in February 2010 that certain Afghan officials were on Tehran's payroll, including some people nominated for cabinet positions. Daudzai claimed that some of these officials had been relieved of their duties because 'you can't be an honest Afghan if you receive a package from Iran.' Daudzai had told Ricciardone, and he said that his government preferred the US' sustained cash support to the 'occasional and unpredictable' payments from Iran.
- "Omer Daudzai emerges as strong candidate to replace Karzai".
- Filkins, Dexter (October 23, 2010). "Iran Is Said to Give Top Karzai Aide Cash by the Bagful (Page 2 of 2)". United States: The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- Al-Ahram Weekly: Waiting for Godot
- CBS: Afghans Blame British for Taliban Imposter
- Aftenposten: WikiLeaks: Norway talked to Taliban
- Riechman, D. Karzai says his office gets cash from Iran, US Omaha, 10-3-2010
- Karzai says his office gets cash from Iran, US
- Karzai's acknowledgement of bags of Iranian cash: Why now?
- Karzai Rails Against America in Diatribe
- West intensifies pressure on Afghan president through media - official National Afghanistan TV, 5-11-2010
- Yousafzai, S. & Moreau, R.Sacks of Cash Newsweek, 30-10-2010
- Iran funding Afghan religious-political leaders, Taliban militants: WikiLeaks One India, 3-12-2010
- WikiLeaks: Bribery, graft rampant in Afghanistan AP, 3-12-2010