|Native name||মোহাম্মদ তোয়াহা|
2 January 1922|
Hajirhat village, Ramgati Upazila, Lakshmipur District, Bengal Presidency, British India
|Died||29 November 1987(aged 65)|
|Alma mater||Calcutta University|
Early life and education
Toaha was born on 2 January 1922 at Hajirhat village in Ramgati of Lakshmipur District. He finished his matriculation under Calcutta University in 1939. Later he received his MA in political science in 1948.
Toaha participated as an activist in Sylhet Referendum under Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani in 1946.In 1947 he launched the East Pakistan Students Federation, the earliest left wing student organisation in East Bengal. He was associated with the floating of Awami Muslim League in 1949.
Bengali Language Movement
Toaha was first active during the initial stages of the Bengali Language Movement. On 11 March 1948, when a team led by Toaha went to Secretariat to give Khawaja Nazimuddin a memorandum, police arrested him. Later he was tortured by them and had to spend a week in the hospital for recovery. As one of the leaders of the Rashtrabhasha Shangram Committee (State Language Committee of Action), Toaha was used to take part in all the meeting with the government. He was also the VP of the Fazlul Haque Hall of Dhaka University. When Mohammad Ali Jinnah went there, Toaha submitted a memorandum to him about their language demand. He was also vocal at the government's attempt to write Bengali in Arabic script. He was the correspondent of Jubo League at Shorbodolio Kendrio Rashtrabhasha Kormoporishod (All-party Central Language Committee of Action). Later part of 1952, he was arrested for attachments in student politics.
1954 — 1970
After his release in 1954, he took part in the election that the United Front won. There he was elected as a member of the Provincial Assembly. In 1956 he floated a labour organization styled as Purba Pakistan Majdur Federation and was elected its president. In 1957, Toaha was associated with the National Awami Party of Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and was later elected its general secretary. With the promulgation of martial law by Ayub Khan in 1958, Toaha receded to underground politics. In 1969 he became one of the organizers of the anti-Ayub movement.
Bangladesh Liberation War
See also: Bangladesh Liberation War
Toaha along with communists Sukhendu Dastider and Abdul Haq of the East Pakistan Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist) refused to participate in the liberation war for Bangladesh.
After the independence of Bangladesh, a warrant was issued against him and he went into hiding. After the withdrawal of warrant in 1976 he came back to open politics. He was elected a member of the Jatiya Sangsad in 1979. In 1986, Toaha contested in the Jatiya Sangsad election as a nominee of 8-Party alliance.
Toaha died on 29 November 1987 at his native village of Hajirhat, Lakshmipur District.
- Al Helal, Bashir, “Bhasha Andoloner Itihas, Agamee Prokashani, pp. 623 ISBN 984-401-523-5
- "Mohammad Toaha remembered". New Age. New Age. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Hossain, Abu Md. Delwar. "Toaha, Mohammad". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Ahmed, Monwar, “Bhasha Andoloner Shochitro Dolil”, pp. 29. ISBN 984-401-147-7
- Alim, Syed Fattahul (1 February 2012). "Has Left Politics any Future?". 6 (2). Forum. The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 July 2016.