Mohammed Abdel Wahab
Mohammed Abdel Wahhab
|Born||March 13, 1901|
|Died||May 3, 1991 (aged 90)|
Mohamed Abdel Wahab (Arabic: محمد عبد الوهاب, Egyptian Arabic: عبد الوهـاب Abd El-Wahab), also transliterated Mohammed Abd El-Wahhab (March 13, 1901 – May 3, 1991), was a prominent 20th-century Egyptian singer, actor, and composer.
He's best known for his Romantic and Egyptian patriotic songs. He also composed "Ya Beladi" (also known as "Libya, Libya, Libya") the national anthem of Libya from 1951 to 1969 and again since 2011. He also composed the national anthem of Tunisia, "Humat al-Hima", and many Egyptian nationalist songs like "Ya Masr tam El-Hanna", "Hay Ala El-Falah", "Masr Nadetna falbena El-nedaa", "Oulo le Masr", "Hob El-watan Fard Alyi", "Sout El-Gamaheer", "Ya Nessmet El-Horria", "Sawae'd men Beladi".
Mohamed Abdel Wahab was born in 1901 in Cairo, Egypt, in a neighborhood called Bab El-Sheriyah, where there is now a statue of him. He began his singing career at an early age and made his first public performances at age seven at local productions. He was 13 when he made his first recording. Mohamed Abdel Wahab was a very close friend to compatriot singer Abdel Halim Hafez.
In 1933 Abdel Wahab began composing his own style of Egyptian film musical after visiting Paris and familiarizing himself with French musical film. He introduced a lighthearted genre of musical film to Egyptian culture eventually composing eight musical comedies between 1933 and 1949. His films portrayed Western social elite and included music that veered off from the traditional Egyptian tune. He starred in his 1934 film The White Flower which broke records in attendance and still plays frequently in Egyptian theaters. In 1950 Abdel Wahab left film to focus on being a more profound singer.
Contribution to Egyptian and Arabic music
Abdel Wahab composed more than 1820 songs. Abdel Wahab is considered to be one of the most innovative Egyptian musicians of all time, laying the foundation for a new era of Egyptian music with his use of non-local rhythms and refined oud playing.
Despite the fact that Abdel Wahab composed many songs and musical pieces of classical Arabic music, he was always criticized for his orientation to Western music. In fact, he introduced Western rhythms to Egyptian songs in a way appropriate to the known then very classical forms of Egypt songs. For example, in 1941, he introduced a waltz rhythm in his song "El Gandol," and, in 1957, he introduced a rock and roll rhythm in Abdel Halim Hafez's song "Ya Albi Ya Khali".
Abdel Wahab played oud before the prominent Egyptian poet, Ahmed Shawqi, and acted in several movies. He composed ten songs for Umm Kulthum. He was the first Egyptian singer to move from silent-era acting to singing.
Mohamed Abdel Wahab died in his hometown Cairo, Egypt of heart failure on May 3, 1991.
Abdel Wahab was fundamental in establishing a new Era of Egyptian music in his homeland and across the Arab world. He also left a mark on the Western world by exposing Egyptian music to Western classical and popular traditions.
He composed the Tunisian and Libyan national anthems.
- As actor
- The White Rose (1933)
- Doumou' el Hub (Love's Tears) (1936)
- Yahya el Hub (Long Live Love) (1938)
- Yawm Sa'id (Happy Day) (1939)
- Mamnou'a el Hub (Love Is Forbidden) (1942)
- Rossassa Fel Qalb (A Bullet in the Heart) (1944)
- Lastu mallakan (I'm No Angel) (1947)
- Ghazal Al Banat (The Flirtation of Girls) (1949)
Egyptian national honours
|Knight of the Order of the Nile|
|Commander of the Order of the Arab Republic of Egypt|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Egypt)|
|Jordan||Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance|
|Lebanon||Commander of the National Order of the Cedar|
|Libya||Collar of the National Order of Libya|
|Morocco||Grand Cross of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite|
|Oman||First Class of the Order of Oman|
|Syria||Grand Cordon of Order of Civil Merit of the Syrian Arab Republic|
|Tunisia||Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia|
- "Mohammad Abdel Wahab". Al Mashriq. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
- Egyptian State Information Service. Sis.gov.eg (1991-05-04). Retrieved on 2012-03-13.
- About Libya: Libyan National Anthem, National Transitional Council of Libya, archived from the original on July 21, 2011, retrieved August 23, 2011
- Best Arabic Music. Best Arabic Music. Retrieved on 2012-03-13.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammed Abdel Wahab.|
Selected Mohammed 'Abd al-Wahhab compositions from YouTube Web site: