Mohammed Ali Beshr

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Mohammed Ali Beshr
Minister of State for Local Development
In office
5 January 2012 – 4 July 2013
Prime Minister Hisham Qandil
Preceded by Ahmed Abdeen
Succeeded by Adel Labib
Personal details
Born (1951-02-14) 14 February 1951 (age 66)
Kafr Mansha Qiwisna
Nationality Egyptian
Political party Freedom and Justice Party
Alma mater Menoufia University
Colorado State University

Mohammed Ali Beshr (also, Bishr; Arabic: محمد على بشر‎‎  Egyptian Arabic: [mæˈħæmmæd ˈʕæli beʃɾ, bɪʃɾ]; born 14 February 1951) is an Egyptian politician who served as minister of state for local development from 5 January to 4 July 2013. He is one of the prominent figures of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

Early life and education[edit]

Beshr was born in Kafr Mansha Qiwisna, Menoufia Governorate in Egypt, on 14 February 1951.[1] He holds a bachelor's degree in engineering, which he received from Menoufia University in 1974.[1] He also obtained a master's degree in power engineering from Shebeen Al Koum Menoufia University in 1979 and a PhD from Colorado State University in 1984.[2]


Beshr is an academic. He worked at Menoufia University and Shebeen Al Koum Menoufia University.[2] He joined the Muslim Brotherhood in 1979, and served as head of the students affairs committee, professionals committee and the administrative development committee of the group.[2] Later he became a member of the Muslim Brotherhood shura council and one of the leaders of the group.[3][4] In addition, he was charged with the Brotherhood's activities in the engineers syndicates beginning in 1997.[5] Beshr was also a member of the Brotherhood's guidance office until 2008.[6]

From 1990 to 1995 Beshr served as the parliament member of Menoufiya's first district.[5] He was a member of the Egypt's Constituent Assembly in 2012, which was responsible for drafting a new constitution.[7] In July 2012, Beshr was named as the deputy rapporteur of the assembly's government committee.[8] On 4 September 2012, Beshr was appointed governor of Menoufia.[5][9][10]

He was appointed minister of state for local development in a reshuffle to the cabinet headed by Hisham Qandil on 5 January 2013.[11] He replaced Ahmed Abdeen as minister.[12] Beshr is one of the eight members of the Freedom and Justice Party serving in the cabinet.[11] He and other FJP members in the cabinet resigned from office on 4 July 2013 following the 2013 coup in Egypt.[13] His term officially ended on 17 July 2013 when interim government was formed.[14]


Beshr was arrested by the Egyptian forces in 1999.[2] After tried in military court, he was sentenced to three years in prison due to being a member of the Brotherhood.[2][6][15] He was freed on 8 October 2002.[1] In 2006, he was detained again together with forty other Brotherhood's supporters due to similar reasons.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Beshr is married and has three children.[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Profiles of Some of MB Members Referred to Militarily Courts". Ikhwan Mısr. 11 February 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Dr. Mohamed Ali Bishr, Life Full of Achievements". Ikhwan Web. 14 January 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Eddin, Mohamed Hossam (8 June 2012). "Sunday's papers: A little more Shater with your Morsy?". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Eric Trager; Katie Kiraly; Cooper Klose; Eliot Calhoun (September 2012). "Who's Who in Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood". The Washington Institute. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Baky, Mohamed Abdel (6–12 September 2012). "Meet the new governors". Al Ahram Weekly. 1113. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Al Anani, Khalil (3 June 2008). "The Muslim Brotherhood's Internal Elections". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Constituent Assembly". Egypt State Information Service. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Almasry, Ahmed (2 July 2012). "Constituent Assembly committee heads named, Islamists dominate". Egypt Independent. Almasry Alyoum. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "President Morsi Appoints Ten New Provincial Governors Across Egypt". Ikhwan Web. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  10. ^ Tragger, Eric (22 January 2013). "What Every American Should Know About Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood – Lecture". Eurasia Review. Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Fouly, Mahmoud (6 January 2013). "Egypt's 10-minister cabinet reshuffle meets with opposition dissatisfaction". Xinhua. Cairo. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "Egypt's new ministers sworn in". Xinhua. Cairo. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Egypt Brotherhood ministers present official resignations". Ahram Online. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Hauslohner, Abigail (16 July 2013). "Interim Egyptian cabinet sworn in". The Washington Post. Cairo. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Ministerial portfolios". Weekly Ahram. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.