||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
|Full name||Mohammad Azharuddin|
8 February 1963 |
Hyderabad, Telangana State,
|Batting style||Right-handed batsman|
|Bowling style||Right-arm medium|
|Test debut (cap 169)||30 December 1984 v England|
|Last Test||2 March 2000 v South Africa|
|ODI debut (cap 51)||20 January 1985 v England|
|Last ODI||3 June 2000 v Pakistan|
|Domestic team information|
|Source: CricketArchive, 13 February 2009|
|As of 1 July, 2009|
Mohammad Azharuddin pronunciation (help·info) (born 8 February 1963 in Hyderabad, Telangana State, India) is a former Indian cricketer and a politician. He was an accomplished batsman and captained the Indian cricket team for much of the 1990s. For his achievements he was awarded the Arjuna Award in 1986. He has been member of the Indian National Congress political party, and was elected as a member of Indian Parliament from the Moradabad constituency of Uttar Pradesh.
Azharuddin was implicated in a cricket match-fixing scandal in 2000, and banned by BCCI for life. On 8 November 2012, the Andhra Pradesh High Court lifted the ban, describing it as "unsustainable".
|This section requires expansion. (March 2012)|
Azhar, as he is popularly known, grew up in Hyderabad and attended All Saints High School, Hyderabad in Hyderabad, of which fellow cricketers Venkatapathy Raju and Noel David are also alumni. While playing cricket, he graduated from Nizam College, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana State with a Bachelor of Commerce degree.
Family and personal life
Azhar was first married to Naureen, with whom he had two sons, Asad and Ayaz, and whom he divorced after 9 years of marriage. He then married model-actor Sangeeta Bijlani in 1996. The couple separated in 2010.
On 16 September 2011, his son Ayazuddin, aged 19, died following a road accident.
International cricket career
After induction into the Indian cricket team as a middle order batsman, Azharuddin quickly gained international fame by scoring 3 test centuries in the first 3 test matches he played. As a cricketer, he was known for a graceful and fluid batting style - John Woodcock, a noted cricket writer, said of him, "It's no use asking an Englishman to bat like Mohammad Azharuddin. It would be like expecting a greyhound to win the Epsom Derby." He also won praise elsewhere, with umpire Venkataraghavan stating that "Azharuddin had the best wrists in the game".
Azhar scored a final total of 22 centuries in test cricket, at an average of 45, and 7 in ODIs, at an average of 37. To date, he is the only cricketer with the distinction of scoring a century in each of his first three tests. As a fielder, he took 156 catches in ODI cricket. His highest test score is 199, gained against Sri Lanka, and in 1991 he was named Wisden Cricketer of the Year.
Azharuddin was captain of the Indian team for most of the 1990s. He has been one of India's most successful captains, winning 90 ODIs. Later this achievement was surpassed by M.S. Dhoni on 2 September 2014 against England overtaking him as the most successful Indian ODI captain with 91 victories . His 14 test match wins as captain was a record until it was bettered by then Indian cricket captain Sourav Ganguly with 21 test match wins.
Match fixing scandal
Towards the end of his career Azharuddin was accused and found guilty of match-fixing; and a life ban on Azharuddin's participation in cricket (as a player and in an officiating capacity) was imposed. South African captain Hansie Cronje, in his confession to match-fixing, had indicated that Azharuddin was the one to introduce him to the bookies. India's premier investigating agency, the Central Bureau of Investigation, conducted an investigation and published a report.
The ICC and the BCCI banned Azharuddin for life in 2000. The BCCI lifted the ban on Azharuddin in 2006, even honouring him along with other Indian Test captains in a ceremony in Mumbai during the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy. The ICC, however, has stated that it alone has the right to revoke the ban, despite playing no role in handing out the original ban.
On 8 November 2012 a Divisional Bench consisting of Justice Ashutosh Mohanta and Justice Krishna Mohan Reddy of the Andhra Pradesh High Court dismissed the ban imposed upon him after the allegations.
"It was a long drawn out legal case and it was painful. We fought in the court for 11 years. There were lots of adjournments, changes in the case. But, finally, the verdict has come and I am happy that the ban has been lifted by the court," Azharuddin told a hastily-called press conference at his residence in Delhi.
In one of his interviews, Azhar later claimed that he was being targeted because he was from a minority community.
- 780 runs at 39.00 with 5
- 1978 runs at 58.09 with 6 hundreds
- 1152 runs at 61.23 with 2 hundreds
- 1089 runs at 40.47 with 3 hundreds
- 915 runs at 41.00 with 4 hundreds
- 1215 runs at 55.23 with 5 hundreds
- 539 runs at 28.37 with 0 hundreds
- 59 runs at 14.75 with 0 hundreds
- 6215 runs at 45.04 with 22 hundreds
- List of cricketers banned for match fixing
- List of international cricket centuries by Mohammad Azharuddin
- Sport / Cricket : Of comparisons and imitations. The Hindu (2011-03-01). Retrieved on 2012-07-14.
- "AP high court lifts ban on Azharuddin". Wisden India. 8 November 2012.
- "Azhar's Maiden Trouble".
- "The hero all gone wrong".
- "Azharuddin's son dead". The Hindu. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- Astill, James (2013). The Great Tamasha: Cricket, corruption and the turbulent rise of modern India. Wisden Sports Writing. p. 132. ISBN 978-1408156926.
- "Virat Kohli has to behave like a captain, says Mohammad Azharuddin". The Indian Express. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "BBC SPORT | CORRUPTION IN CRICKET |". BBC News. 5 December 2000. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "cricket channel – The CBI Report, in full". rediff.com. 1 November 2000. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "Full tex of the CBI report. Report on cricket match-fixing and related malpractises, October 2000". Central Bureau of Investigation, New Delhi. rediff.com. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- - Match fixing scandal "‘I have come out clean and proven many wrong’" Check
|url=scheme (help). The Hindu. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "Match fixing charges: Andhra court says life ban on Azharuddin illegal". NDTV. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Magazine, Pradeep. "Azharuddin and 4 Others Are Punished for Cricket Match Fixing : Former India Captain Banned", The New York Times, 6 December 2000, accessed 30 March 2011.
- Player profile: Mohammad Azharuddin from ESPNcricinfo
- Player profile: Mohammad Azharuddin from CricketArchive
- IBN Live
- Azhar dating badminton player Jwala Gutta
|Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1989/90 – 1996
|Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1997/98 – 1998/99