Mohammed Ghani Hikmat

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Mohammed Ghani Hikmat
محمد غني حكمت
Born April 20, 1929
Kadhimiya, Baghdad
Died September 12, 2011 (aged 82)
Amman, Jordan
Nationality Iraqi
Education Institute of Fine Arts (Baghdad)
Occupation Sculptor, artist

Mohammad Ghani Hikmat, (April 20, 1929 – September 12, 2011) (Arabic, محمد غني حكمت) was an Iraqi sculptor and artist credited with creating some of Baghdad's highest-profile sculptures and monuments.[1] His best known works include two statues of Queen Scheherazade and King Shahryar, located on Aby Nuwas Street[1] and the "Fountain of Kahramana". Many of his sculptures were inspired by the stories in One Thousand and One Nights — widely known as the 'Tales of Arabian Nights'.[2] Hikmat also spearheaded the recovery of art looted from the National Museum of Iraq in the aftermath of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and fall of Saddam Hussein.[1]

Mohammed Ghani Hikmat's final work, "Iraq Rises Again," was finished 2012. It celebrates the ancestry of Iraq and the collaboration of its multiple ethnic groups in building the country's future. Hikmat is remembered today for his devotion to his people and his beautiful depictions of Iraqi life.[3]


Early life[edit]

Hikmat was born in 1929 in Baghdad.[1] He graduated from the Fine Arts Institute in Baghdad in 1953, before completing his studies in 1957 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome, Italy.[1] Hikmat joined the Baghdad Group for Modern Art in 1953 and the Al-Zawiya Group (meaning The Angle) in 1967.


Mohammed Ghani Hikmat died in Amman, Jordan, where he was receiving medical treatment, on September 12, 2011, at the age of 82.[1]


In 2015, the 70th Anniversary of the United Nations, the fountain Kahramana was chosen for the World National Heritage. On April 20, 2016, Google dedicated its home page with a Google doodle for Mohammed Ghani Hikmat with one of his famous monuments located in Baghdad: Saving The Iraqi Culture.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Schmidt, Michael S. (September 21, 2011). "Mohammed Ghani Hikmat, Iraqi Sculptor, Dies at 82". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  2. ^ Mohammed Ghani Hikmat’s 87th birthday, accessdate at 2016-09-28
  3. ^ Mohammed Ghani Hikmat’s 87th birthday, accessdate at 2016-09-28
  4. ^ Mohammed Ghani Hikmat’s 87th birthday, accessdate at 2016-09-28

External links[edit]