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Mohammed V International Airport (French: , Aéroport international Mohammed V Arabic: مطار محمد الخامس الدولي, , Matar Muhammad al-Khamis ad-Dowaly IATA: CMN, ICAO: GMMN) is an international airport serving Casablanca, operated by ONDA ( National Airports Office). Located in Nouaceur Province, it is the busiest airport in Morocco, with 7.56 million passengers passing through the airport in 2013. [1 ] In August 2014, ONDA reported a year-on-year increase of 7.28% passenger traffic, to 918,238. [5 ] [6 ]
The airport serves as hub for Morocco's
flag carrier Royal Air Maroc, Jetairfly, Air Arabia Maroc and RAM Express. It is named after King Mohammed V of Morocco.
History [ edit ]
Origins [ edit ]
Transatlantic routes from Casablanca, September 1945
The Casablanca Mohammed V Airport was originally built by the United States in early 1943 during
World War II as an auxiliary airfield for Casablanca's Anfa Airport and was named Berrechid Airfield. The airfield handled diverse military traffic as a stopover en route to Port Lyautey Airfield, and to Marrakech Airport on the North African Cairo- Dakar route. In addition, it was the terminus of Mid-Atlantic route transatlantic flights via the Azores to Nova Scotia and airfields on the East Coast of the United States.
In addition to its transportation role, the airfield supported the
North African Campaign with the Twelfth Air Force 68th Reconnaissance Group operating photo-reconnaissance versions of the P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang. Part of the 68th first arrived at Angads Airport in Oujda in November 1942 and moved to Berrechid in March 1943 upon its completion. It flew both antisubmarine missions over the Atlantic and photo-reconnaissance combat missions over German-held territory until early September when it moved east to Massicault Airfield in Tunisia. With the end of the war in 1945, the airfield was handed over to the civil government.
Cold War in the early and middle 1950s, the airfield was reopened as Nouasseur Air Base and was used as a United States Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC) staging area for B-47 Stratojet bombers pointed at the Soviet Union. These operations later moved to Ben Guerir Air Base.
With the destabilisation of French government in Morocco, and
Moroccan independence in 1956, the government of Mohammed V wanted the US Air Force to pull out of the SAC bases in Morocco, insisting on such action after American intervention in Lebanon in 1958. The United States agreed to leave in December 1959, and was fully out of Morocco by 1963. SAC felt that, with the long range of the B-52 and completion of Spanish bases in 1959, the Moroccan bases were no longer important.
Even today, most locals still refer to the airport simply as "
Nouaceur", which is the name of the province it is in.
Airlines and destinations [ edit ]
Passenger [ edit ]
A Royal Air Maroc
at the airport in 2006. The airline has its main
at Mohammed V Airport.
Benghazi, Misurata, Tripoli 2
Algiers, Oran 1
Air Arabia Maroc
Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Tangier, Bologna, Brussels, Cuneo, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Montpellier, Naples, [7 ] Toulouse, Venice 2
Air Canada Rouge
Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau (begins 4 June 2016) [8 ] 2
Marseille, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Toulouse 1
Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
operated by Naysa
Gran Canaria 2
Seasonal: Lyon, Milan Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Abu Dhabi 2
Jetairfly [9 ]
Bordeaux, Charleroi, Metz/Nancy, Paris-Orly
Seasonal: Liège 2
Benghazi, Misurata, Tripoli
Seasonal: Sebha 2
Seasonal: Frankfurt 2
Mauritania Airlines International
Nouakchott, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Nouadhibou, Zouérat 2
Royal Air Maroc
Agadir, Algiers, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bologna, Cairo, Dakhla, Doha (begins 21 October 2015), [10 ] Fes, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Laayoune, Madrid, Málaga, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice (begins 27 October 2015) [11 ] 1
Royal Air Maroc
Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Bamako, Banjul, Beirut, Beni Mellal, Berlin-Tegel, Bissau, Bordeaux, Brazzaville, Brussels, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Douala, Frankfurt, Freetown, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Kinshasa, Lagos, Libreville, Lisbon, Lomé, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Lyon, Malabo, Marrakech, Marseille, Monrovia, Montpellier, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, N'Djamena, Nantes, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta (begins 29 March 2016), [12 ] Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Pointe Noire, Praia, Sal (begins 25 October 2015), [13 ] Stockholm-Arlanda, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Yaoundé, Zürich
Seasonal: Al-Hoceima, Kano, Medina, Tétouan 2
Royal Air Maroc operated by
Royal Air Maroc Express
Agadir, Al-Hoceima, Dakhla, Essaouira, Fes, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Nador, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier, Tenerife-North, Tétouan
Seasonal: Guelmim, Tan-Tan, Ouarzazate, Zagora 2
Charter: Medina 1
operated by PGA Express
Seasonal: Monastir 2
Air France Cargo
Nairobi, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, Madrid, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Med Airlines Maroc
Bamako, Dakar, Lisbon, Paris-Orly, Tangier
Royal Air Maroc Cargo
Addis Ababa, Algiers, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Cairo, Dubai-International, El Aaiún, Hong Kong, Libreville, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Orly, New York-JFK, Recife, Rome-Fiumicino, Tangier, Washington-Dulles, Zaragoza
London-Gatwick, Louisville, Madrid, Newark, Rome-Fiumicino
Turkish Airlines Cargo
As part of the airport's development, and because Casablanca is one of the main trading and industrial cities in the southern Mediterranean, cargo operations will expand in the next few years.
A 3-hectare (7.4-acre) cargo facility opened in 2008, with an annual processing capacity of 150,000 tonnes (150,000 long tons; 170,000 short tons).
Traffic [ edit ]
[14 ] 2010
[14 ] n/a
[14 ] 7,245,508
[5 ] +13,28
[14 ] n/a
Passenger services [ edit ]
Mohammed V is one of the six airports in Morocco where ONDA offers its special VIP service
. Salon Convives de Marque [15 ]
Incidents and accidents [ edit ]
On 24 August 1994, a
Royal Air Maroc ATR-42 crashed near Tizounine while en route from Agadir to Casablanca Mohammed V airport. The plane crashed with a steep dive in the Atlas mountains. All 40 passengers and 4 crew died in this accident. It is said that the captain disconnected the autopilot and let the plane crash deliberately. The Moroccan Pilots Union challenged these findings. [16 ] [17 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]