Mohammed V of Morocco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For those of a similar name, see Mohamed V (disambiguation).
Mohammed V of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco (1927–57)
King of Morocco (1957–61)
Mohammed V.jpg
Reign 17 November 1927 – 26 February 1961
Predecessor Yusef
Successor Hassan II
Spouse Lalla Hanila bint Mamoun
Lalla Abla bint Tahar
Lalla Bahia bint Antar
Issue Princess Fatima Zohra
Hassan II
Princess Aicha
Princess Malika
Prince Abdallah
Princess Nuzha
Princess Amina
House Alaouite dynasty
Father Yusef
Mother Lalla Yaqut
Born (1909-08-10)10 August 1909
Fes, Morocco
Died 26 February 1961(1961-02-26) (aged 51)
Rabat, Morocco
Burial Royal Mausoleum,
Rabat, Morocco
Religion Sunni Islam
Mohammed V's tomb inside his mausoleum at Rabat, with Hassan II's tomb in the background
Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco visiting Lawrence Livermore Lab, United States, in 1957.

Mohammed V (10 August 1909 – 26 February 1961) (Arabic: محمد الخامس‎) was Sultan of Morocco from 1927–53, exiled from 1953–55, where he was again recognized as Sultan upon his return, and King from 1957 to 1961. His full name was Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef, or Son of (Sultan) Yusef, upon whose death he succeeded to the throne. He was a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.

On 20 August 1953, the French who were occupying Morocco at the time forced Mohammed V and his family into exile on Corsica. His uncle, Mohammed Ben Aarafa, was placed on the throne. Mohammed V and his family were then transferred to Madagascar in January 1954. Mohammed V returned from exile on 16 November 1955, and was again recognized as Sultan after active opposition to the French protectorate. In February 1956 he successfully negotiated with France for the independence of Morocco, and in 1957 took the title of King.


During the holocaust, the pro-Nazi Vichy Government of France controlled Morocco. In 1941, they attempted to enact laws that would discriminate against Moroccan Jews, setting quotas on the number of Jewish doctors and lawyers, ejecting students from French schools and forcing many Jews living in the European quarters to move to “Jewish areas”.

Mohammed V told Jewish leaders that in his opinion Vichy laws singling out the Jews were inconsistent with Moroccan law. He believed that Jews should be treated equally with Muslims. He emphasized that the property and lives of the Moroccan Jews remained under his protection. “There are no Jews in Morocco. There are only subjects,” the King was reported to have said. In a blatant show of defiance the King insisted on inviting all the rabbis of Morocco to the 1941 throne celebrations. Due to his strong stance, Vichy administrators were unable to implement their discriminatory laws and the Jewish community was saved.

Later on, in response to anti-Jewish rhetoric in the wake of the creation of the State of Israel, Mohammed V warned Muslims not to hurt Moroccan Jews, reminding them that Jews had always been protected in Morocco. [1]

Personal life[edit]

Mohammed V with his family in Madagascar, 1954.

Mohammed V was one of the sons of Sultan Yusef, who was enthroned by the French in September 1912 and his wife Lalla Yaqut, who was of Turkish origin.[2]

His first wife was Lalla Hanila bint Mamoun.[3] She was the mother of his first daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra.

His second wife was his first cousin Lalla Abla bint Tahar (Arabic: لالا عبلة بنت طهار‎) (born 5 September 1909 – died 1 March 1992). She was the daughter of Moulay Mohammed Tahar bin Hassan, son of Hassan I of Morocco. She married Mohammed V in 1929 and died in Rabat on 1 March 1992. She gave birth to five children: the future King Hassan II, Lalla Aicha, Lalla Malika, Moulay Abdallah and Lalla Nuzha.[4]

His third wife was Lalla Bahia bint Antar, mother of his last daughter Lalla Amina.


He died on 26 February 1961 following complications of a surgery he received.[5] There were many who suspected that the King's son, Hassan II, had a hand in his father's sudden death.


The Mohammed V International Airport and Stade Mohamed V of Casablanca are named after him, as well as numerous universities and various public spaces across Morocco. There is an Avenue Mohammed V in nearly every Moroccan city and a major one in Tunis, Tunisia.

In December 2007, The Jewish Daily Forward reported on a secret diplomatic initiative by the Moroccan government to have Mohammed V admitted to the Righteous Among the Nations.[6]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Judaism-Islam Retrieved 10/1/2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Prince Moulay Hicham El Alaoui. Journal d'un Prince Banni: Demain le Maroc (Grasset ed.). 9 April 2014. ISBN 978-2-246-85166-0. allait devenir la petite-fille préférée de Hassan II, le roi s’est émerveillé sans aucune gêne des yeux bleus de la nouveau-née. « Elle tient ça de son arrière-grand-mère turque », faisait-il remarquer en rappelant les yeux azur de la mère de Mohammed V 
  3. ^
  4. ^ International Business Publications, Morocco Foreign Policy and Government Guide p. 84
  5. ^ "Mohammed V of Morocco Dies at 51 After Surgery". New York Times. 26 February 1961. Retrieved 13 June 2008. King Mohammed V died today after a minor operation. He was 51 years old and had occupied the throne since 1927 
  6. ^ An Arab King Righteous Among the Nations?. The Forward, 12 December 2007
  7. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  8. ^ "''Royal Ark''". Retrieved 3 February 2012. 

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan of Morocco
Succeeded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Preceded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Sultan of Morocco
Succeeded by
as King
Preceded by
as Sultan
King of Morocco
Succeeded by
Hassan II