Mohammed Osman Wardi
محمد عثمان حسن وردي
|Birth name||Mohammed Osman Hassan Salih Wardi|
|Born||19 July 1932|
|Origin||Swarda, Wadi Halfa, Sudan|
|Died||18 February 2012 (aged 79)|
|Genres||Music of Sudan, Nobiin, Arabic music|
|Instruments||Singing, oud, tanbur, multiple instruments|
|Years active||1957 – 2012|
Wardi was born on 19 July 1932 in a small village called Sawarda close to Wadi Halfa Northern Sudan. His mother, Batool Badri, died when he was an infant. His father, Osman Hassan Wardi, died when he was nine years old. He was brought up in a diverse and culturally rich background and developed an interest in poetry, literature, music and singing. Wardi traveled to Shendi to complete his education, and returned to Wadi Halfa as a secondary school teacher.
In 1953, Wardi went to Khartoum for the first time to attend a convention as a teaching representative for his area. He moved to Khartoum and started his career as a musical performer. In 1957, Omdurman Radio chose him to record and sing on national broadcast in an arena with singers such as Abdelaziz Mohamed Dauod, Hassan Atia, Ahmed Almustafa, Osman Hussaein and Ibrahim Awad. Wardi recorded 17 songs in his first year.
He had a collaboration with poet Ismail Hassan, resulting in more than 23 songs.
Wardi performed using a variety of instruments including the Nubian tanbur and sang in both Arabic and Nubian languages. He has been described as "Africa's top singer", with fans mainly in the Horn of Africa. His songs address topics such as romance, passion, Nubian folklore, heritage, revolution and patriotism with some of his political songs resulting in him being jailed. After the military coup in 1989, he left Sudan to voluntary exile in Cairo and Los Angeles. In 1990, Wardi played a concert for 250,000 Sudanese refugees at a refugee camp in Itang, Ethiopia. He returned to Sudan in May 2002.
In 2005, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Khartoum.
Wardi suffered from renal failure later in his life. He eventually underwent a kidney transplant after one of his fans donated a kidney to him in 2002. He died on 18 February 2012 at 10:30 pm and was buried in Farouk Cemetery in Khartoum.
Views on Darfur
Poets/Songwriters with whom Wardi collaborated
- Abdel-Hadi Osman Ahmed
- Sawi Abdelkafi
- Aljayli Abdelmoneim
- Omer Altayib Ad-dosh - "Banadeha"
- Mubarak Albashir
- Mohamed Muftah Alfaytori
- Ishaq Alhalanqi - "A3z Alnas"
- Ahmed Altahir
- Ibrahim Alrasheed - "Saleem Alzog"
- Abdelrahman Alrayah
- Alsir Dolaib
- Abu Amna Hamid
- Ismail Hassan - "Alhaneen ya Foadi", "Nor Al3en", "Habenak mn Qlobna", "Almostaheel",
- Salah Ahmed Ibrahim - "Altayir Almohajir"
- Mohammed Almakki Ibrahim
- Kamal Mahessi - "Jamal Aldoniya"
- Mohammed Abu Qatati - "Almursal"
- Altijani Saeed - "Gult Arhal", " Min Gair Meiad"
- Mahjoub Sharif - "Ya Sha3ban Lahbt thwrtak", "Masajenak",
- Saadaddin Ibrahim
- Mohammed Abdalla Mohammed Babekir
- "Mohammed Wardi Sudanese legend and musical encyclopedia". Capital. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- "Iconic Sudanese singer Mohammed Wardi dies". Statesman. Associated Press. 19 February 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Sudan mourns singer Mohammed Wardi". BBC. 20 February 2012.
- "The death of Sudanese artist Mohammed Wardi". Al Jazeera (in Arabic). 21 February 2012.
- Morrison, Dan (August 2010). The Black Nile. Penguin.