Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park

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Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park 2020.jpg
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
LocationSeih Al-Dahal, Dubai
Coordinates24°45′17″N 55°21′54″E / 24.7547°N 55.365°E / 24.7547; 55.365Coordinates: 24°45′17″N 55°21′54″E / 24.7547°N 55.365°E / 24.7547; 55.365
Construction began2012
Commission date22 October 2013 (first phase)
Owner(s)Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA)
Operator(s)ACWA Power
Solar farm
TypeCombined PV and CSP plant
Site resource2150 kWh/(m2,yr)
Site area77 square kilometres (30 sq mi)
Power generation
Units operational1,313 MWp
Units under const.1417 MWp
Nameplate capacity
  • 1,313 MW
Capacity factor24.6%
Annual net outputappr. ~2800 GWh/yr

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park is a solar park spread over a total area of 77 km2 in Saih Al-Dahal, about 50 kilometers south of the city of Dubai.[1] It is one of the world's largest renewable projects based on an independent power producer (IPP) model. Besides solar farms using PV technology, the long-term project will also include concentrating solar power (CSP). The total capacity of the entire project is planned to reach 3,000 megawatts.[2]

The 200-megawatt second phase of the project drew global attention as the winning bid of the tender set a new record-low tariff of only US ¢5.89 per kilowatt-hour. This is about 20% lower than any previous, unsubsidized power purchase agreement (PPA) the world has seen before. The PPA is set to a 25-year time frame.[3][4]

The plant was implemented by the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA). The first phase of the project was commissioned on 22 October 2013. At the end of 2020 the solar PV complex reached a generating capacity of 1.013 GW with the aim to reach 5GW by 2030.[5] Currently the 4th (700 MW CSP + 250 MW PV) and 5th phase (900 MW PV) are under construction.

History[edit]

The solar park was announced by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum in January 2012.[1]

Phase 1[edit]

The first phase of the park was a 13 MWp solar farm (DEWA 13) constructed by First Solar.[6] It was commissioned on 22 October 2013. It uses 152,880 FS-385 black CdTe modules and generates about 28 GWh per year which corresponds to a capacity factor of 24.6%.[1][7][8]

Phase 2[edit]

The second phase is a 200 MWp[3] photovoltaic plant built at a cost of US$320 million by a consortium led by ACWA Power and Spanish company TSK. The second phase was scheduled to be commissioned by April 2017.[9] It was completed ahead of time, and commissioned on 22 March 2017. TSK served as the primary contractor for the project, while ACWA Power will operate the plant. The phase includes 2.3 million photovoltaic solar panels spread over an area of 4.5 km2. ACWA Power secured a 27-year debt financing loan worth $344 million from the First Gulf Bank, the National Commercial Bank and the Samba Financial Group.[10] The plant uses First Solar's CdTe modules.[11]

The 200 MWp second phase of the project caused worldwide attention, as the winning bid of the tender set a new record-low tariff of only US ¢5.89 per kilowatt-hour. This is about 20% lower than any previous, unsubsidized power purchase agreement (PPA) the world has seen before. The PPA is set to a 25-year time frame.[3][12] Assuming the same capacity factor as for phase 1 (24.6%) the annual production will be approximately 430 GWh/yr.

Phase 3[edit]

In April 2015, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) publicly announced the third phase of 800 MWp.[13] A consortium led by Abu Dubai Future Energy Company (Masdar) was awarded the contract for phase three in June 2016. The third phase was completed in 2020.[1]

Phase 4[edit]

The characteristics of the 4th phase of the solar park changed several times during its conception. Originally, DEWA released a request for the Expression of Interest (EOI) for a 200 MWe CSP project in October 2016 and announced the winning bid at 9.45 US cents/kWh purchase price in June 2017.[14] Three months later in September 2017 the final project was revealed at 700 MWe consisting of 600 MWe parabolic trough and a 100 MWe solar power tower both featuring large molten-salt thermal energy storage, while pointing out the record breaking purchase price of 7.30 US cents/kWh.[15] However, analysts highlight that factors such as very low financing cost and an extraordinary long 35 year PPA contributed to this very low figure.[16] Later in 2018 it was announced that 250 MW of solar PV would be added to the project [17] now named Noor Energy 1.[18] The solar power tower completed in 2020 is the tallest in the world standing at 262.44 m (861 ft)[19][20] just 2.44m above the 260m tower completed in 2017 at the Ashalim Power Station in Israel. The 4th phase aimes to finish by 2022.[citation needed]

Phase 5[edit]

On November 21, 2019, DEWA announced the selection of ACWA Power and Gulf Investment Corporation as preferred EPC and financer respectively, to build and operate the fifth phase, a 900 MW solar power plant based on photovoltaic technology.[21] The plant is scheduled to be commissioned in 2021.[citation needed]

Phase by phase project execution table[edit]

Phase Capacity Technology Commissioned
First[22] 13 MW photovoltaic 2013
Second[22] 200 MW photovoltaic April 2017
Third[22][23][24] Stage 1: 200 MW

Stage 2: 300 MW

Stage 3: 300 MW

photovoltaic May 2018

2019

2020

Fourth[25] Stage 1: 600 MW

Stage 2: 100 MW

Stage 3: 217 MW

parabolic trough

solar power tower

photovoltaic

2022 (expected)[26]

2021[26]

2021 (expected)[26]

Fifth[26] Stage 1: 300 MW

Stage 2: 600 MW

photovoltaic August 2021

until 2023

Total 2830 MW

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Dubai Electricity & Water Authority | Solar Park". Retrieved 2017-03-24.
  2. ^ SolarServer.com DEWA announces 800 MW third Phase of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park Archived 2015-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, 21 April 2015
  3. ^ a b c http://ameinfo.com/ ACWA Power wins 200 megawatts (260MWp) phase II Mohammed bin Rashid Solar Park by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, 17 January 2015
  4. ^ Craig Morris (27 November 2014). "Solar in Dubai reaches record low price". RenewablesInternational.net. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) | , ACWA Power, and Silk Road Fund reach financial closing on 950MW 4th phase of Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park". www.dewa.gov.ae.
  6. ^ STATE OF REPORT: Dubai 2014, United Nations Development Programme, ISBN 978-9948-20-456-5 (Note: In the original document, the ISBN is printed as "5-456-20-9948-978", which reads right to left.)
  7. ^ DEWA 13 Solar Plant, First Solar
  8. ^ FirstSolar Factsheet, PDF
  9. ^ Dubai Doubles Power-Plant Size to Make Cheapest Solar Energy, Bloomberg, Anthony DiPaola, January 15, 2015
  10. ^ "UAE PM inaugurates second phase of Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum solar plant". Power Technology. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
  11. ^ "First Solar Modules to Power Landmark 200MW Solar Photovoltaic Project in Dubai". MarketWatch. 23 June 2015.
  12. ^ Craig Morris (27 November 2014). "Solar in Dubai reaches record low price". RenewablesInternational.net. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  13. ^ SolarServer.com DEWA announces 800 MW third Phase of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park Archived 2015-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, 21 April 2015
  14. ^ "Dubai set for world's cheapest night-time solar power". Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  15. ^ "ACWA Power / Shanghai Power Win Dubai Solar Auction with 7.3 Cents.CSP". Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  16. ^ Lilliestam, J. & Pitz-Paal, R. (2018) Concentrating solar power for less than USD 0.07 per kWh: finally the breakthrough? https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ref.2018.06.002
  17. ^ "Dubai Electricity & Water Authority | Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park adds 250MW to its 4th phase to reach 950MW taking total investment to AED 16 billion". www.dewa.gov.ae.
  18. ^ "ACWA POWER | Noor Energy 1". web.archive.org. February 17, 2021.
  19. ^ https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/shanghai-electric-dubai-msr-completes-123700332.html
  20. ^ Santamarta, Jose. "Dubai installs world's tallest concentrated solar power tower".
  21. ^ "Acwa Power consortium to build 900MW MBR Solar Park Phase 5". Construction Week Online Middle East. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  22. ^ a b c "Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) | will add 600MW of clean energy to its network from July 2019 to January 2020". www.dewa.gov.ae. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  23. ^ "MD & CEO of DEWA announces that the share of clean energy is around 9% of Dubai's energy mix". www.dewa.gov.ae. Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA). Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  24. ^ "ACWA-led consortium signs PPA for 900-MW solar project in Dubai". Renewablesnow.com. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  25. ^ "Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) | MBR Solar Park Phase 5". www.dewa.gov.ae. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  26. ^ a b c d "Mohammed bin Rashid inaugurates 300MW first stage of the fifth phase of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park". www.dewa.gov.ae. Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA). Retrieved 2021-08-18.