Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi (more)
His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on February 11, 2016.jpg
Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed
Born (1961-03-11) 11 March 1961 (age 58)
Al Ain, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
SpouseSheikha Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan
IssueSee list
Full name
Mohamed bin Zayed bin Sultan bin Zayed bin Khalifa bin Shakhbut bin Dhiyab bin Issa Al Nahyan Al Falahi
Arabicمحمد بن زايد بن سلطان بن زايد بن خليفة بن شخبوط بن ذياب بن عيسى آل نهيان الفلاحي
HouseAl Nahyan
FatherSheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
MotherSheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi
Military career
Allegiance United Arab Emirates
Service/branchUnited Arab Emirates Air Force
Years of service1979 – present
RankDeputy Commander-in-Chief
Commands heldChief of General Staff of the Armed Forces
Deputy Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces
Commander of the Air Force and Air Defence
WebsiteTwitter Profile
Instagram Profile

Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan (Arabic: محمد بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان‎; born 11 March 1961), colloquially known by his initials as MbZ,[1] is the Crown Prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces. He is seen as the driving force behind the UAE's activist foreign policy and is a leader of a campaign against Islamist movements in Arabia.[2][3] Due to the ill health of the UAE president Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, Mohammed bin Zayed was entrusted with most day-to-day decision making of the emirate of Abu Dhabi as the crown prince of Abu Dhabi and most of the presidential public affairs of the state and hence, he is sometimes considered as the UAE's de facto ruler.[4] In 2019, the New York Times named him as the most powerful Arab ruler.[5] In 2020, the New York Times called him "one of the most powerful men on Earth."[6] He was also named as one of the '100 Most Influential People' of 2019 by Time magazine.[7]

Early life[edit]

Mohamed bin Zayed was born in Al Ain on 11 March 1961 in what was then the Trucial States.[8] He is the third son of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the first President of the United Arab Emirates and ruler of Abu Dhabi, and his third wife, Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi.[9][10] Mohamed's brothers are: Khalifa (the current Ra'is of the UAE), Hamdan, Hazza, Saeed, Isa, Nahyan, Saif, Tahnoun, Mansour, Falah, Diab, Omar, and Khalid (as well as three deceased brothers, Sultan, Nasser, and Ahmed). In addition to these, he has a few sisters.[11] He has five younger full-brothers: Hamdan, Hazza, Tahnoun, Mansour, and Abdullah.[12] They are referred to as Bani Fatima or sons of Fatima.[13][14]

Al-Nahyan was educated at The Royal Academy in Rabat until the age of 10, where he was a classmate of King Mohammed VI of Morocco.[15] His father Sheikh Zayed sent him to Morocco intending for it to be a toughening experience. He gave him a passport showing a different last name, so that he wouldn’t be treated like royalty. Al Nahyan spent several months working as a waiter in a local restaurant. He made his own meals and did his own laundry, and was often lonely. Al Nahyan described his life back then by saying “There’d be a bowl of tabbouleh in the fridge, and I’d keep eating from it day after day until a kind of fungus formed on the top".[16]

He was further educated at schools in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi and a summer at Gordonstoun until the age of 18. In the Emirates, his father Sheikh Zayed inadvertently put an Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood Islamist named Izzedine Ibrahim in charge of his education.[16]

In 1979, he joined the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst graduating in April 1979.[17] During his time at Sandhurst, he completed a fundamental armor course, a fundamental flying course, a parachutist course, and training on tactical planes and helicopters, including the Gazelle squadron.[11] During his time in Sandhurst, he met and became good friends with Abdullah of Pahang, who would later become the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. They were both officer cadets at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.[18]

In the 1980's as a young military officer, Al Nahyan went to a holiday to Tanzania and met the Masai people and saw their customs and the extent of poverty in the country. Upon his return he went to see his father Sheikh Zayed. His father has asked him what he had done to help the people he’d encountered. In response, Al Nahyan shrugged and said the people he met were not Muslims. According to Mohammed bin Zayed, “He clutched my arm, and looked into my eyes very harshly. He said, ‘We are all God’s children.’ ”[16]

He then returned home to the UAE to join the Officers' Training Course in Sharjah. He has held a number of roles in the UAE military, from that of an Officer in the Amiri Guard (now called Presidential Guard) to a pilot in the UAE Air Force.[19]

Political career[edit]

Emirate of Abu Dhabi[edit]

Al Nahyan and George W. Bush at Camp David

In November 2003, his father Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan appointed Sheikh Mohamed as Deputy Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.[9] Upon the death of his father, Al-Nahyan became Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi in November 2004 and was appointed Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces in January 2005. Later that month, he was promoted to the rank of General. Since December 2004 he has also been the Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Executive Council, which is responsible for the development and planning of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and is a member of the Supreme Petroleum Council.[20] He also serves as a special adviser to the President of the UAE, Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, his older brother.

As a result of the ill health of the current UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, Al Nahyan welcomes many foreign dignitaries in the capital district of the United Arab Emirates in the city of Abu Dhabi. In November 2010, Al-Nayhan and UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan welcomed Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh to the UAE for their second state visit.[21][22] Al-Nahyan also accompanied the Queen and the Duke on a tour of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque at the beginning of their visit.[23]

UAE foreign policy[edit]

Al-Nahyan with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, Abu Dhabi, February 2017
Sheikh Mohamed representing the United Arab Emirates in the NSS 2012

Al Nahyan has played a leading role in the UAE’s foreign policy by facilitating increased engagement with nations outside the MENA region. Al Nahyan and French President Emmanuel Macron share common interests in countering extremism and have formulated a bilateral road map for future partnership. Al Nahyan sought France for increased cooperation and exchange in matters related to education, culture, heritage, economy, investments, energy, space, regional peace and security, defense cooperation, countering extremism, and fighting climate change, among other items.[24] Al Nahyan also sought comprehensive partnership with Singapore and signed memoranda of understanding in which both nations agreed to strengthen cooperation in business, finance, investment, defense, development, and education. They also signed three Memoranda of Understanding in which they agreed to collaborate on environmental protection and sustainable consumption endeavors.[25]

He has also provided substantial financial aid on behalf of the UAE to strengthen its position on the international stage. In 2018, he traveled to Ethiopia to meet Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ahead of the first installment of a $3 billion donation from the UAE to Ethiopia, intended to tide over its foreign exchange shortage. Furthermore, the UAE under Al Nahyan's encouragement and initiative, raised funds to provide aid to Somalia during periods of drought.[26][27][28][29][30][31]

Al Nahyan also developed new relationships with countries in Eastern Europe. In September 2019, Mohammed bin Zayed made his first official visit to Belarus to held discussions on previous arrangements, issues of mutual interest, and other avenues in various sectors like trade, economy and investment cooperation. Al-Nahyan was received at the Independence Palace in Minsk by President Alexander Lukashenko.[32]

Al-Nahyan is also a supporter of Yemen's internationally recognized government after the Yemen civil war and supported the Saudi-led, western-backed intervention in Yemen to drive out Houthi militants after the Houthi takeover in Yemen.[33] During Al-Nahyan's visit to France in November 2018, a group of rights activists filed a lawsuit against the crown prince accusing him of "war crimes and complicity in torture and inhumane treatment in Yemen". The complaint filed on behalf of the French rights group AIDL said: "It’s in this capacity that he has ordered bombings on Yemeni territory."[34]

United States

Al Nahyan regards the Unite States as his chief ally and has a strong relationship with United States diplomats including US former Secretary of Defence Jim Mattis and US former national security advisor and counter-terrorism expert Richard A. Clarke. As unpaid advisers, Al Nahyan consults them and follows their advice on combating terrorism and enhancing the UAE's military strength and intelligence. During the Obama administration, Al Nahyan had an initially good relationship with the administration but the relationship deteriorated when Obama had not bothered to consult or even inform the UAE about the Iran nuclear deal. The UAE had a lot at stake, having forced Dubai traders to give up their lucrative business with Iran to comply with the sanctions. According to an Emirati senior adviser “His Highness felt that the U.A.E. had made sacrifices and then been excluded”. Al Nahyan continued talking to Obama regularly and offered him advice. He warned him that the proposed remedy in Syria — Islamist rebels — could be worse than Assad’s tyranny. He also urged Obama to talk to the Russians about working together on Syria. The relationship deteriorated further when Obama made dismissive comments in a 2016 interview in The Atlantic, describing the gulf’s rulers as “free riders” who “do not have the ability to put out the flames on their own”. After the election of Donald Trump, Al Nahyan flew to New York to meet the president-elect’s team and canceled a parting lunch with Obama.[16][35]

With Donald Trump in office, Al Nahyan shared similar ideas with Trump regarding Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood, which Trump has sought to move strongly against both.[36] As a child, Al Nahyan's father Sheikh Zayed unknowingly assigned a prominent Muslim Brotherhood member, Ezzedine Ibrahim, as Mohammed's tutor. His tutor attempted an indoctrination that backfired. As Sheikh Mohammed explains, “I am an Arab, I am a Muslim and I pray. And in the 1970s and early 1980s I was one of them,” Prince Mohammed told visiting American diplomats in 2007 to explain his distrust of the Muslim Brotherhood, as they reported in a classified cable released by WikiLeaks. He stated “I believe these guys have an agenda.”[5] Trump also shared Al Nahyan's views over Qatar, Libya and Saudi Arabia, even over the advice of cabinet officials or senior national security staff.[37]

Russia

Al Nahyan also maintains very strong relationship with Russia and Russian president Vladimir Putin, and have even brokered talks between Russia and the Trump Administration. Al Nahyan was even named in the final report of special counsel Robert Mueller III on the alleged collusion between Trump campaign and Russia, which the investigation later concluded that there was no collusion between the meeting that occurred with Al Nahyan.[38] Al Nahyan's strong relationship with both Russia and the United States, as well as the influence he wields across both of the superpowers, has led to The New York Times to label him as the Arab World's "most powerful ruler".[39] Putin calls Al Nahyan an "old friend", calling him "a big friend of our country, a big friend of Russia". Putin and Al Nahyan talk with each other on the phone all the time.[40] In an official state visit to the Emirates, Putin gifted Al Nahyan a Russian gyrfalcon. The UAE also trained the first two Emirati astronauts Hazza Al Mansouri and Sultan Al Neyadi, and successfully launched the first Emirati and first Arab Astronaut Hazza Al Mansouri to the International Space Station with Russian help. During Putin's state visit, he praised Al Nahyan for fulfilling his country's goal of training its first astronaut saying "It was his initiative and he saw it through." In turn, Al Nahyan lauded the support of the Russian leader by saying "Mr. President, but for your support and help, this would have never happened". To which Putin responded, "If it wasn’t for our friendship, this wouldn’t have happened."[41]

Nuclear energy[edit]

Under the leadership of Al Nahyan, the UAE built the first peaceful nuclear power reactor, the Barakah nuclear power plant, in the region.[42] The UAE and US signed a bilateral agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation that enhances international standards of nuclear non-proliferation.[43] Al-Nahyan also represented the United Arab Emirates in the Nuclear Security Summit of 2012[44] and 2014, which were hosted by South Korea and the Netherlands respectively.[45]

Promoting tolerance[edit]

Mohammed bin Zayed being presented with Hindu Temple literature among the presence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Abu Dhabi.

The Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi visited Pope Francis in 2016, and in February 2019, he welcomed the Pope Francis to the UAE, marking the first papal visit to the Arabian Peninsula. Pope Francis's arrival coincided with a conference entitled “Global Conference of Human Fraternity,” hosted under the patronage of Mohamed bin Zayed. The conference featured talks and workshops about how fostering tolerance and mutual understanding could help prevent conflict and extremism. As part of this visit, Pope Francis held the first Papal Mass to be celebrated in the Arabian Peninsula at Zayed Sports City in which 180,000 worshippers from 100 countries, including 4,000 Muslims, were present.[46][47][48][49][50][51][52]

He has travelled around the world promoting the UAE's theme for 2019: Year of Tolerance. He has also been involved in regional and global efforts to counter violent extremism by speaking with officials in India, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, and other leaders about partnering in such efforts.[53][54]

In 2019 the Zayed Global Fund for Coexistence was launched, an initiative that expounds upon the principles and goals detailed in the Human Fraternity Document signed by Pope Francis and Dr Ahmad Al Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al Azhar.[55][56]

Economic policy[edit]

Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan heads the Abu Dhabi council for economic development (ADCED), which is the economic policy advisory council in Abu Dhabi. Al-Nahyan is also the head of the Mubadala Development Company which, since its establishment in 2002, represents the main investment vehicle for the government of Abu Dhabi. Al-Nahyan is also a Director of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, the Sovereign wealth fund of Abu Dhabi.[19]

In addition, he is the head of the Tawazun Economic Council, formerly known as UAE offsets programme bureau established in 1992 and is the head of the Abu Dhabi Education Council which was established in 2005. His efforts in the realm of economic development are aimed at increasing economic diversification in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. As the head of the UAE offsets group, Al-Nahyan is involved with the task of channelling defence-related investments into profitable projects across different sectors in order to help diversify the economy of the UAE.[57]

According to The Intercept and referencing the hacked emails of Yousef Al Otiaba, an American citizen Khaled Hassen received a $10 million in 2013 for an alleged torture settlement after a lawsuit presented in the federal court in L.A. against three top members of the royal family of Abu Dhabi, including Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.[58]

He is the chairman of the Mubadala Development Company which, since its establishment in 2002, represents the main investment vehicle for the government of Abu Dhabi. Mubadala aims to cultivate long-term social and economic benefits for the Emirates through economic diversification and global investment.[59][59][60]

In addition to this, he also serves as Head of the Abu Dhabi Council for Economic Development (ADCED), which is the main economic planning institution in the country. In this capacity, he launched the Sharaka initiative, which seeks to bolster the UAE's private sector and make it easier to conduct business and invest in Abu Dhabi. Under his leadership, ADCED has pursued numerous initiatives to increase entrepreneurship in the UAE.[59][61]

In June 2018, he approved a 3-year 50 billion AED stimulus package aimed at facilitating long-term economic benefits for Emiratis and investors alike. He also commissioned a comprehensive review of building regulations in an effort to galvanize urban development.[62]

He is the Deputy Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA), which invests funds on behalf of the people of Abu Dhabi with the goal of diversifying and globalizing the economy. ADIA's portfolio spans more than two dozen asset classes and sub-categories.[63]

He approved one billion AED's worth of incentive packages for agricultural technology has helped fund projects related to precision farming, agricultural robots, bio-energy, and indoor farming.[64]

Supreme Petroleum Council Role[edit]

Mohamed bin Zayed is Vice Chairman of the Supreme Petroleum Council of Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, the primary governing body in charge of Abu Dhabi's hydrocarbon resources. He has overseen the implementation of several development and diversification strategies, particularly those relating to crude oil, gasoline, and aromatics production; gas pricing; and polyolefin capacity.[65][66][67]

Interests, activities and philanthropic work[edit]

Al-Nahyan and U.S. President Donald Trump in Washington, D.C., May 2017

Support of the Arts[edit]

In an effort to promote tourism and to diversify the local art scene, Mohamed bin Zayed has supported the construction of art museums—including the Louvre Abu Dhabi and the upcoming Guggenheim Abu Dhabi—as well as cultural heritage sites such as Qasr Al Hosn.[68][69][70][71]

In June 2009, al-Nayhan and then President Nicolas Sarkozy of France inaugurated an exhibition at the Emirates Palace Hotel, which included works of art purchased for the Louvre Abu Dhabi, as well as loans from the French national museums to mark the beginning of the construction work of the Louvre outpost, located in the cultural district in Saadiyat Island. The museum was inaugurated in November 2017.[72]

Al-Nayhan also stated that he was confident that the Guggenheim Abu Dhabi would be able to "accumulate a prestigious art collection" by the time of its opening in 2012.[73]

His support extends beyond the visual arts to the oral ones. A lover of Nabati poetry, he frequently extends support to local poetry competitions, hosting some of them under his patronage.[74]

Conservation Work[edit]

The Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi focused on protecting nature by spearheading the UAE's efforts in protecting wild falcons, bustards, and the Arabian Oryx, and has donated $1 million to an initiative aimed at preventing the power line-related deaths of wild birds. This latter effort is part of launching of the $20-million-dollar Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Raptor Conservation Foundation.[75]

Additionally, he heads the Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, a philanthropic endowment established that provides targeted grants to individual species conservation initiatives, recognise leaders in the field of species conservation and elevate the importance of species in public discourse. The Fund also aims to inspire additional contributions to species conservation efforts around the world.[76][77][78]

A species of woodlizard--Enyalioides binzayedi—was named after him as the creator of the Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund that provided financial support to the expeditions leading to the discovery of the specie in the Cordillera Azul National Park in Peru.[79][80] In 2017, a rare and majestic specie of maple tree was named after him. Acer binzayedii is found in the mountainous cloud forest of Jalisco in Western México.[81]

He has pledged $15 billion towards the development of solar, wind, and hydrogen power technologies in his country. Through Mubadala-owned facility GlobalFoundries, Mohamed bin Zayed has helped develop the UAE's semi-conductor manufacturing program, paving the way for advanced technologies, including in the energy sector.[82][83]

Education and Innovation Initiatives[edit]

Mohamed bin Zayed has also worked on elevating the level of education in the UAE to be on par with the highest international standards, through his position as chairman of the Abu Dhabi Education Council, which was established in 2005 to develop and implement strategies for improving both private and public P-12 and higher education.

Additionally, he chairs the Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR). ECSSR furthers academic engagement with the economic, socio-political, and security issues that are relevant to the region.

He has helped foster the development of UAE's technology and encouraged a culture of innovation by sponsoring events such as the National Science, Technology and Innovation Festival. He has also founded the Mohamed bin Zayed International Robotics Challenge to transform the UAE into a regional hub for research into robotics and autonomous systems.[11][84][85][86][87]

In 2008, the first group of Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed University scholars were selected as part of an initiative with New York University Abu Dhabi, recognising outstanding students in the United Arab Emirates and providing them with special academic and leadership opportunities.[88]

Other Philanthropy[edit]

In 2011, Al-Nahyan and the Gates Foundation pledged $50 million each to fund the purchase and delivery of vaccines for children in Afghanistan and Pakistan.[89] Two-thirds of the total $100 million were given to the GAVI Alliance to purchase and administer the pentavalent vaccine and the pneumococcal vaccine, immunizing approximately 5 million Afghan children against six diseases. The remainder of the donation was allocated to the World Health Organization, which used it to purchase and administer the oral polio vaccine to approximately 35 million children in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The GPEI announced in April 2018 that the UAE had completed the US$120 million commitment made by Mohamed bin Zayed by dispersing the final US$12 million of the pledge made at the 2013 Global Vaccine Summit in Abu Dhabi.[90][91][92][93]

His contributions to global health initiatives also include a $30 million donation to the Roll Back Malaria Partnership to help fight malaria. A month after announcing the donation, Abu Dhabi hosted a global health forum centered on efforts to eliminate worldwide diseases such as malaria, polio, and river blindness.[94][95][96]

He has also gifted 55 million AED to the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking.[82]

The Zayed Charity Marathon, which takes place in New York City, has raised millions of dollars since its inauguration in 2005. The race raises awareness about kidney disease, and the proceeds go to the US's National Kidney Foundation. Mohamed bin Zayed launched the event in honor of his father, who received a kidney transplant at the Cleveland Clinic in 2000.[97][98]

He has contributed to improving world health by launching the Reaching Last Mile Fund. In 2017, he launched the fund to raise $100 million with the aim of eradicating, eliminating, and controlling preventable diseases that affect the health and economic prospects of the world's poorest people.

Mohamed bin Zayed committed $20 million to the Fund. Other contributors include the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the British government. The donations will be managed by the END Fund, a philanthropic investment platform focused on tackling the five most common neglected tropical diseases: river blindness, lymphatic filariasis, polio, malaria, and Guinea worm disease. In addition to this, Mohamed bin Zayed announced his intention to found an Abu Dhabi-based research institute to develop policies to combat infectious disease.[99][100][101][102][103][104][105][106][107]

University of Texas chair for scientific and medical knowledge in cancer research is named after Al-Nahyan as a result of a funding grant to MD Anderson Cancer Center from Al-Nahyan to support genetic-analysis based research.[108]

Women's rights[edit]

Female graduates of Khalifa bin Zayed Air College. Sheikh Mohammed played a vital role in the empowerment of women in the United Arab Emirates.[109]

A champion of female empowerment, Mohamed bin Zayed has supported their increased presence in a number of traditionally male-dominated fields. In April 2019, he welcomed a delegation of female officers from the Military and Peacekeeping Programme for Arab Women, who were undergoing training in Abu Dhabi to prepare for United Nations global peacekeeping operations. He emphasized the importance of the role female officers play in peacekeeping and security operations.[110]

He has encouraged the presence of women in the public service sector as well. In 2019, he hosted the first certified Emirati women firefighters, emphasizing the role of women as “true partners and contributors to national development” and said they “drive strategic plans for the nation’s present and future.”[111]

Furthermore, he has made it a point to regularly meet with the female representatives of many UAE institutions to express his confidence in their ability to help the nation realize its aspirations.[112][113]

He arranged specialized medical care and a transfer to the UK via a UAE air ambulance for Malala Yousafzai after she was shot in the head and neck by the Taliban in October 2012. She received long-term care at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, UK.

Under Mohamed bin Zayed's direction, UAE officials worked closely with Pakistani authorities to arrange for Malala's specialized care and transfer. In May 2013, on her way to perform Umrah rituals, Malala stopped over in Abu Dhabi to thank the UAE and Mohamed bin Zayed for their assistance and support, noting that the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi's role highlighted the humanitarian aspects of Islamic teachings.[114][115][116][117][118][119][120][121]

Military[edit]

Mohammed bin Zayed as Chief of Staff in his airforce military uniform greeting then US Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen in Abu Dhabi, 1997.

Mohamed bin Zayed served as an officer in the Amiri Guard (now known as Presidential Guard), as a pilot in the UAE's Air Force, as Commander of the UAE Air Force and Air Defense, and as Deputy Armed Forces Deputy Chief of Staff. In 2005, he was appointed Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces and was accordingly promoted to Lt. General.[122][123]

In the early 1990s, Al Nahyan told Richard Clarke, then an assistant secretary of state, that he wanted to buy the F-16 fighter jet. Clarke replied that he must mean the F-16A, the model the Pentagon sold to American allies. Al Nahyan said no, he wanted a newer model he’d read about in Aviation Week, with an advanced radar-and-weapons system. Clarke told him that that model didn’t exist yet; the military hadn’t done the necessary research and development. Al Nahyan said the UAE would pay for the research and development. The subsequent negotiations went on for years, and according to Clarke “he ended up with a better F-16 than the U.S. Air Force had”.[16]

Under Al-Nahyan's leadership, he made jujitsu compulsory in schools. In 2014 he established the military draft, forcing young Emiratis to endure a year of boot camp, initially running a pilot project within his own family and making his own daughters run as the sample size by making them endure a boot camp. He invited Maj. Gen. Mike Hindmarsh, the retired former head of Australia’s Special Operations Command, to help reorganize the Emirati military. According to the New York Times, as a result of Al Nahyan's vision, the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces became the best equipped and trained military in the region apart from Israel.[16] Under Al Nahyan's leadership, the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces also became commonly nicknamed as "Little Sparta" by United States Armed Forces General and former US defense secretary James Mattis as a result of their active and effective military role despite their small active personnel.[124]

Sporting interests[edit]

A lifelong fan of falconry, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi established the Mohamed bin Zayed Falconry and Desert Physiognomy School with the goal of promoting and sustaining the ancient tradition by teaching it to new generations of Emiratis. He himself learned the practice from his late father.[74][125][126]

In March 2019, the Special Olympics World Games were hosted in Abu Dhabi. During the Games, Mohamed bin Zayed affirmed the importance of solidarity with and empowerment of participants during the event, as well as in their respective countries.[127]

Personal life[edit]

Mohammed bin Zayed is married to Sheikha Salama bint Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan.[128] They married in 1981.[129] They have nine children together, four sons and five daughters.[19] His children are:

  • Sheikha Mariam bint Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikh Khaled bin Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikha Shamsa bint Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikh Theyab bin Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikha Fatima bint Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikha Shamma bint Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikh Zayed bin Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikha Hasa bint Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan[17]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Styles of
Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi
Emblem of Abu Dhabi - Gold.svg
Reference styleHis Highness
Spoken styleYour Highness
  • 3 June 1980 – 4 November 2004: Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • 4 November 2004 – present: His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi

National honours[edit]

  •  UAE: Grand Master of the Medal of Outstanding Service awarded by the Chief of Staff of the UAE Armed Forces, (May 1992)

Foreign honours[edit]

  •  Morocco: Monarch Medal for Officers awarded by Hassan II (June 1986)
  •  USA: Legion of Merit awarded by General Norman Schwarzkopf, Commander of US troops and Coalition Forces, in appreciation of his role in the Kuwait Liberation War (April 1991)
  •  Morocco: Outstanding Class of Military Order of Merit (April 1994)
  •  Kuwait: Member Excellent Class of Kuwait Liberation Medal in appreciation of his role and efforts in the Kuwait Liberation War (September 1994)
  •  China: Medal of Grand Yellow Sparkling Flag by Liang Cheng, Prime Minister of the People's Republic of China (September 1994)
  •  Kuwait: Order of Kuwait of Excellent Class awarded by the Amir of Kuwait, Jaber Al Ahmad Al Sabah (June 1995)
  •  Jordan: Member Excellent Class of Supreme Order of the Renaissance, awarded by Hussein bin Talal of Jordan (December 1996)
  •  Jordan: Member Excellent Class of Supreme Order of the Renaissance awarded by Abdullah II bin Hussein of Jordan (June 1999)
  •  Oman: Member Second Class of Oman Order of Military Merit awarded by Qaboos bin Said of Oman (February 2000)
  •  France: Grand Officer of the Order of Merit awarded by Jacques Chirac, French President (June 2002)
  •  Qatar: Badge of Honour of Independence (January 2005)
  •  Palestine: Legion of Merit of Jerusalem awarded by Mahmoud Abbas, Palestinian President (October 2008)
  •  Germany: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany with Star and Stash awarded by Dr Frank Walter Steinmeier, German Foreign Minister (October 2008)
  •  Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit awarded by Juan Carlos of Spain (23 May 2008)[130]
  •  Malaysia: Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm with the title of Tun conferred by Al Wathiqu Billah Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin of Malaysia in recognition of Mohamed bin Zayed's efforts in taking Malaysia-UAE friendship and cooperation to new heights (17 June 2011)
  •  South Korea: Grand Order of Mugunghwa, presented to crown princes and heads of government, conferred by South Korean President Lee Myung-bak (21 November 2012)
  •  France: Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit, conferred by French President Francois Hollande, in recognition of the growing cooperation between the UAE and France (15 January 2013)
  •  Montenegro: Order of the Montenegrin Great Star, conferred by President Filip Vujanovic of Montenegro (12 December 2013)
  •  Kosovo: Order of Independence, Kosovo's highest honor to international figures (21 April 2014)
  •  Morocco: Member First Class of Order of Muhammad conferred by Mohammed VI of Morocco (17 March 2015)
  •  Jordan: Order of Al-Hussein bin Ali, the highest honor in Jordan awarded to kings and heads of state, awarded by Abdullah II bin Al Hussein of Jordan, in appreciation of the role Mohamed bin Zayed has played in upholding brotherly ties and collaboration between the two nations across different sectors (20 November 2018)

Awards[edit]

  •  United Nations: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Golden Badge of Honour Golden Badge of Honour, presented by Dr Jack Diouf, Director General of FAO, (April 2007)
  •  United Nations: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Badge of Honour for Food Security and an international recognition certificate from the Environmental Practices Certification Institute presented by Dr Jack Diouf, Director General of FAO, (September 2008)
  •  United Nations: Global Villages of Children Founder's Golden Medal (March 2009)

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rhodes, Ben (12 October 2018). "A Fatal Abandonment of American Leadership". The Atlantic. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  2. ^ "The ambitious United Arab Emirates". The Economist. 6 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Despots are pushing the Arab world to become more secular". The Economist. 2 November 2017.
  4. ^ "UAE leader returns after lengthy unexplained absence". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b D. Kirkpatrick, David (2 June 2019). "The Most Powerful Arab Ruler Isn't M.B.S. It's M.B.Z." The New York Times.
  6. ^ Worth, Robert F. (9 January 2020). "Mohammed bin Zayed's Dark Vision of the Middle East's Future". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Mohammad Bin Zayed named among Time's 100 most influential people 2019". Gulf News. 18 April 2019.
  8. ^ "H.H. Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan". Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  9. ^ a b "With MBZ's promotion, Sheikha Fatima sons take centre stage". Gulf States Newsletter. 724. 12 November 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  10. ^ Davidson, Christopher M. (29 November 2009). "A tale of two desert dynasties". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "Mohamed bin Zayed". www.tamm.abudhabi. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  12. ^ "UAE Succession Update: The Post-Zayed Scenario". Wikileaks. 28 September 2004. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Abu Dhabi's family business". Financial Times. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  14. ^ Bruce Maddy-Weitzman (1 August 2002). Middle East Contemporary Survey: 1999. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 629. ISBN 978-965-224-049-1. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  15. ^ "Moulay Hicham s'invente une scolarité au college royal". Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Robert F. Worth (9 January 2020). "Mohammed bin Zayed's Dark Vision of the Middle East's Future". The New York Times.
  17. ^ a b "H.H.'s Biography". www.cpc.gov.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Royal ties: Sheikh Mohamed and the King of Malaysia in 1979". The National. 31 July 2019.
  19. ^ a b c "H.H.'s Biography". www.cpc.gov.ae. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) - The Supreme Petroleum Council (SPC)". ADNOC. 25 June 2011. Archived from the original on 27 February 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  21. ^ Mitya Underwood (13 November 2012). "Sheikh Mohamed welcomes back old friends to capital". The National. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  22. ^ "H.H. Sheikh".
  23. ^ "The Leading Mohammed bin Zayed Site on the Net". Mohammed bin Zayed. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  24. ^ "Joint Statement on the visit to France of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan to France". La France aux Émirats arabes unis. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  25. ^ hermesauto (28 February 2019). "Singapore signs comprehensive partnership agreement with the United Arab Emirates". The Straits Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  26. ^ "MFA Press Statement: Official Visit by His Royal Highness Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, 28 February 2019". www.mfa.gov.sg. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  27. ^ Wam. "Video: Sheikh Mohamed meets Afghanistan president in UAE". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  28. ^ Crabtree, Justina (18 June 2018). "United Arab Emirates gives Ethiopia $1 billion lifeline to ease foreign exchange crisis". CNBC. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  29. ^ Wam. "Video: Sheikh Mohamed meets Afghanistan president in UAE". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  30. ^ "محمد بن زايد يحيي مبادرة". www.alittihad.ae (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  31. ^ "Mohamed bin Zayed praises Nael and Bin Harmal initiative to donate for Somalia". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  32. ^ "Sheikh Mohamed meets Belarus President in Minsk". Dubai Eye 103.8. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Saudi-led coalition strikes back after deadly Houthi attack". CNN. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  34. ^ Jarry, Emmanuel. "Rights group sues Abu Dhabi Crown Prince in France over Yemen". U.S. Reuters. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  35. ^ "The Obama Doctrine". The Atlantic. April 2016.
  36. ^ "The Most Powerful Arab Ruler Isn't M.B.S. It's M.B.Z." The New York Times. 2 June 2019.
  37. ^ "What to Know About Prince Mohammed bin Zayed, the Arab Ruler Swaying Trump". The New York Times. 2 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Powerful Emirati crown prince entangled by Mueller report". Associated Press. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  39. ^ "The Most Powerful Arab Ruler Isn't M.B.S. It's M.B.Z." The New York Times. 2 June 2019.
  40. ^ "Vladimir Putin looking forward to seeing 'old friend' Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed". The National. 13 October 2019.
  41. ^ "UAE gives new meaning to the word 'welcome': Russian media reacts to Putin's fond reception". Emirates News Agency WAM. 16 October 2019.
  42. ^ "UAE: Unity, effort and great sacrifices, says Mohamed bin Zayed on 48th National Day". Gulf News. 1 December 2019.
  43. ^ "The United Arab Emirates and the United States Sign Bilateral Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Energy Cooperation". www.uae-embassy.org. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2009.
  44. ^ "World leaders gather for Seoul Nuclear Security Summit". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  45. ^ "Safety moves welcomed by Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed as nuclear summit concludes". The National. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  46. ^ "Pope Francis arrives in UAE on 27th Apostolic Journey abroad - Vatican News". www.vaticannews.va. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  47. ^ "Pope Francis in Abu Dhabi for Interfaith Conference". Voice of America. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  48. ^ "Muslim Council of Elders' 'Global Conference of Human Fraternity' Outlines a Vision of Global Fraternity in Abu Dhabi". AP NEWS. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  49. ^ Winfield, Nicole; Batrawy, Aya (5 February 2019). "Pope caps visit to Arabian Peninsula with historic Mass". AP NEWS. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  50. ^ "120-member Choir Takes Shape to Sing for the Papal Mass in Abu Dhabi on 05 February". UAE Papal Visit. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  51. ^ Gianluca Mezzofiore. "Pope Francis praises girl who broke through security to give him a letter". CNN. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  52. ^ "Pope Francis' homily at Mass in the UAE: Full text - Vatican News". www.vaticannews.va. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  53. ^ "UAE's Year of Tolerance reflects founder's vision – The Post". cphpost.dk. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  54. ^ Parashar, Sachin (12 July 2018). "UAE's 'tolerance' team in India in quest for liberal image for country and check extremism". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  55. ^ "Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed announces launch of Zayed Global Fund for Coexistence". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  56. ^ وام, أبوظبي- (7 February 2019). "محمد بن زايد يطلق "صندوق زايد العالمي للتعايش"". البيان (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  57. ^ His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi
  58. ^ "State Department cables show settlement of torture victim case". The Intercept. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  59. ^ a b c "His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan | Middle East Alliance Legal Consultancy". Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  60. ^ "Company Overview of Abu Dhabi Investment Council". www.ecouncil.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  61. ^ Patnaik, Rhonita. "Sharaka platform linked to Abu Dhabi government's TAMM". Technical Review Middle East (in Polish). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  62. ^ "Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed announces Dh50 billion stimulus for Abu Dhabi". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  63. ^ "Abu Dhabi Investment Authority". www.adia.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  64. ^ "Mohamed bin Zayed approves AED1 billion of incentives to create global AgTech centre". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  65. ^ "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  66. ^ "Supreme Petroleum Council". www.adnoc.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  67. ^ "News". www.uaecabinet.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  68. ^ "Zayed National Museum and Guggenheim 'still active' as Abu Dhabi unveils Dh500m promotional campaign". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  69. ^ "Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed reopens Qasr Al Hosn in Abu Dhabi". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  70. ^ "Gehry's Guggenheim Abu Dhabi Set to Begin Construction". ArchDaily. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  71. ^ "The latest on Guggenheim Abu Dhabi: An interview with Richard Armstrong". www.euronews.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  72. ^ "Louvre Abu Dhabi – See Humanity in a new light". Louvre Abu Dhabi – See Humanity in a new light. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  73. ^ Nadia Ptashchenko (8 July 2009). Art Mobility Between Museums in Europe: A Case Study of the Hermitage Amsterdam and the Guggenheim Bilbao. GRIN Verlag. p. 101. ISBN 978-3-640-36824-2. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  74. ^ a b "H.H.'s Biography". www.cpc.gov.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  75. ^ "Abu Dhabi crown prince launches $20m birds of prey foundation". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  76. ^ "The Donor | The Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund". www.speciesconservation.org. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  77. ^ "Abu Dhabi Announces New Fund for Species Conservation". IUCN. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  78. ^ Wam (27 April 2018). "Mohamed bin Zayed donates $1m for bird project". Emirates24|7. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  79. ^ Venegas, P.; Torres-Carvajal, O.; Duran, V.; De Queiroz, K. (2013). "Two sympatric new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from Cordillera Azul National Park in northeastern Peru". ZooKeys (277): 69–90. doi:10.3897/zookeys.277.3594. PMC 3677373. PMID 23794824.
  80. ^ "Cute or scary? Colorful woodlizard species discovered in Peru". NBC News. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  81. ^ Vargas-Rodriguez, Yalma L.; Urbatsch, Lowell E.; Karaman-Castro, Vesna; Figueroa-Rangel, Blanca L. (1 June 2017). "Acer binzayedii (Sapindaceae), a new maple species from Mexico". Brittonia. 69 (2): 246–252. doi:10.1007/s12228-017-9465-5. ISSN 0007-196X.
  82. ^ a b "HH General Al-Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan". The Muslim 500. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  83. ^ admin (3 March 2019). "Mohamed bin Zayed goes to GlobalFoundries semi-conductor facility of Mubadala in Singapore". UAE VOICE. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  84. ^ "Organizations and Resources Partners". css.ethz.ch. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  85. ^ "Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research". Cambridge Core. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  86. ^ "جائزة التميز لمجلس أبوظبي..." ADEC (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  87. ^ Website, M. O. E. "National Science, Technology and Innovation Festival 2019 to kick off tomorrow Thursday". www.moe.gov.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  88. ^ "First group selected as Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed University scholars". AMEinfo. Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  89. ^ "Gates Foundation, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Pledge $100 Million for Disease Prevention". Philanthropy News Digest. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  90. ^ "His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and the Foundation Partner to Immunize Children". Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  91. ^ Candid. "Gates Foundation, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan Pledge $100 Million for Disease Prevention". Philanthropy News Digest (PND). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  92. ^ "UAE delivers 371 million polio vaccines to Pakistani children - Pakistan". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  93. ^ "UAE makes final payment towards US$120 million commitment to Global Polio Eradication Initiative". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  94. ^ "محمد بن زايد.. فارس الإنسانية". العين الإخبارية (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  95. ^ "30 مليون دولار تبرع من محمد بن زايد.. الإمارات تساهم بدحر الملاريا عالمياً". www.alittihad.ae (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  96. ^ "Crown Prince brings a multi-million dollar boost in the fight against malaria". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  97. ^ "200 مليون دولار تبرعات ماراثون زايد في نيويورك". www.alittihad.ae (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  98. ^ "Thousands turn out for New York's Zayed Charity Marathon". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  99. ^ "Exclusive: Abu Dhabi to launch campaign to reach 'last mile' on preventable disease". Devex. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  100. ^ "Reaching the Last Mile: New $100m fund announced in Abu Dhabi". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  101. ^ "His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Launches Reaching the Last Mile Fund to Raise $100 Million to End River Blindness and Lymphatic Filariasis". www.neglecteddiseases.gov. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  102. ^ joanne@touchline.ae (21 January 2019). "Abu Dhabi launches $100m fund to wage war on forgotten diseases". Philanthropy Age. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  103. ^ "His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Launches Reaching the Last Mile Fund to Raise $100 Million". The END Fund. 15 November 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  104. ^ "Gates Foundation, UAE Launch $100M Reaching The Last Mile Fund To Eradicate River Blindness, Lymphatic Filariasis". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  105. ^ Gretchen (6 December 2017). "Reaching the Last Mile Fund Established to Raise $100 Million to Combat Disease". PQMD. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  106. ^ Candid. "Fund, Institute to Eradicate Neglected Tropical Diseases Launched". Philanthropy News Digest (PND). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  107. ^ "Media Center". www.cpc.gov.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  108. ^ "Khalifa Foundation Grants MD Anderson $150 Million for Cancer Research". MD Anderson. 19 January 2011.
  109. ^ https://www.thenational.ae/uae/you-elevate-our-nation-sheikh-mohammed-bin-zayed-s-message-on-emirati-women-s-day-1.764669
  110. ^ "Mohamed bin Zayed receives participants in military, peacekeeping programme for Arab women". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  111. ^ "Mohammad Bin Zayed receives first certified Emirati women firefighters". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  112. ^ وام, أبوظبي- (29 August 2017). "محمد بن زايد: نجاحات الإماراتية تدل على أن ثقة زايد في محلها". البيان (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  113. ^ "محمد بن زايد: المرأة نبض يسري في شرايين الوطن ورافد من روافد التقدم". الإمارات اليوم (in Arabic). 27 August 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  114. ^ "UAE sends medics to Pakistan to evacuate girl shot by Taliban". Reuters. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  115. ^ "Taliban shoot Pakistani schoolgirl campaigning for peace". Reuters. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  116. ^ "UPDATE 4-Pakistani schoolgirl shot by Taliban sent to UK for treatment". Reuters. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  117. ^ "UK, UAE and Pakistan Ministers visit hospital where Malala Yousafzai is receiving treatment". GOV.UK. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  118. ^ "General Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan praises Pakistan rights activist Malala Yousafzai". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  119. ^ "UAE medical team flying Taliban-shooting victim Malala to UK". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  120. ^ "The UK Foreign Secretary, William Hague, Emirati Foreign Minister, His Highness Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed and the Pakistani Interior Minister, Rehman - News - Gender Concerns International". www.genderconcerns.org. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  121. ^ "Malala to visit and thank UAE leaders for help". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  122. ^ "H.H.'s Biography". www.cpc.gov.ae. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  123. ^ "صاحب السمو الشيخ محمد بن زايد آل نهيان". www.tamm.abudhabi (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  124. ^ "In the UAE, the United States has a quiet, potent ally nicknamed 'Little Sparta'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  125. ^ "Mohamed Bin Zayed". www.mbzfalconryschool.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  126. ^ "UAE opens world's first school to teach Arab falconry traditions". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  127. ^ "Mohamed bin Zayed receives Higher Committee, organisers of Special Olympics". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  128. ^ "Shaikha Fatima receives female diplomats". Khaleej Times. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  129. ^ Barlow, Tom (6 April 2011). "The Most Extravagant Weddings". Forbes. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  130. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado" (PDF).

Media related to Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan at Wikimedia Commons