Mohammed el Gharani
|Mohammed el Gharani|
|Born||1986 (age 29–30)
Medina, Saudi Arabia
|Alternate name||Mohammad El Gharani
Muhammed Hamid al Qarani
Muhammad Hamid (Yousef Akbir Salih) al Qarani
|Charge(s)||No charge (unlawfully detained)|
|Status||Repatriated after winning his habeas corpus|
Mohammed el Gharani is a citizen of Chad and native of Saudi Arabia born in 1986, in Medina. He was one of the juveniles held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp with an estimated age of 15–16 years when he arrived at the camps. Human Rights lawyer Clive Stafford Smith identified Al Qarani as one of a dozen teenage boys held in the adult portion of the prison.
The Independent said Gharani was accused of plotting with Abu Qatada, in London, in 1999 – when he was a 12-year-old, living with his parents, in Saudi Arabia. He was detained for seven years in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps.
On January 14, 2009, U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon ordered the release of Gharani because the evidence that he was an enemy combatant was mostly limited to statements from two other detainees whose credibility had been called into question by US government staff. Gharani's attorney Zachary Katznelson said after the ruling "Judge Leon did justice today. This is an innocent kid when he was seized illegally in Pakistan and should never have been in prison in the first place." 
After his parents immigrated from Chad, Mohammed grew up in Saudi Arabia. Here he was subjected to discrimination as a Chadian, and was denied schooling. Consequently, he went to Pakistan in order to study English and computer studies.It was in Pakistan that he was arrested by Pakistani police, and given over to US forces 
Following this, Mohammed was taken to the US run Bagram Air Force Base, in Afghanistan. Here it is claimed that he was kept naked for days, and subjected to racial abuse. After being held in Bagram for two months, Mohammed was transferred to Guantanamo Bay where he remained for seven and a half years. Eventually, in 2009 with the help of Reprieve lawyers, Mohammed won a court order for his release. He was subsequently returned to Chad.
Boston Globe investigations
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
On July 14, 2006, the Boston Globe reported on investigations they made to test the credibility of the allegations against Guantanamo detainees. Al Gharani was one of the detainees whom they profiled.
- "Chito Peppler, a Pentagon spokesman, said the date referred to when 'Abu Qatada became active.' He maintained that it was possible that Gharani had been a part of the cell before his arrest at 14."
Smith also offered an example of how allegations arose against Al Gharani due to the DoD's lack of qualified translators. In Al Gharani's dialect of Arabic 'zalati' is a tomato. In his translator's dialect of Arabic 'zalati' meant money. His translator asked Al Gharani where he would go to get money, back home, and Al Gharani dutifully listed all the grocery stalls where he could buy tomatoes.
Questioning over the June 10th 2006 suicides
The Department of Defense reported, on June 10, 2006, that three detainees committed suicide.
The camp commander, Admiral Harry Harris, called the suicides, "an act of asymetrial warfare". One reaction of the camp authorities to the suicide was to seize all their papers, even their confidential communication with their lawyers. Leaks from the camp authorities fueled rumors that the camp authorities had reason to believe that detainee's lawyers had actively conspired with the detainees in arranging the suicides. The camp authorities claimed that one of the suicide notes was written on stationery that the camp authorities made available to detainee's lawyers.
The Washington Post reports that the lawyer camp authorities have focused their suspicion on was Clive Stafford Smith. Stafford Smith reports that his client Mohammed el-Gharani, one of the youngest of the Guantanamo detainees, has been interrogated, at length, trying to establish a tie between him and the suicides. In a letter to the Associated Press Stafford Smith wrote:
- "The interrogator said I told my clients to kill themselves, and word was passed to the three men who did commit suicide."
According to the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Stafford Smith claims: "...soldiers have threatened to move el-Gharani to Camp 5, a maximum-security facility, if he does not implicate Stafford Smith in the suicides.".
- sleep deprivation;
- having a cigarette extinguished on his body;
- having freezing cold water thrown on him;
- being suspended by his arms, with his feet hanging free from the floor, for extended periods of time;
- having a soldier hold his penis in his hand, hold a pair of scissors, and threaten to cut it off.
Writ of habeas corpus
On January 14, 2009, US District Court Judge Richard Leon ordered Al Qarani's released. Leon dismissed all the US allegations that Al Garani had been observed in Afghanistan, because there was no evidence to support them—other than denunciations from two other captives—captives whose credibility he questioned.
First phone call home
Muhammad Al Qarani was allowed his first phone call home on April 16, 2009. But instead, he phoned former captive, recently released Al Jazeera journalist Sami Al Hajj. He told Al Hajj that conditions had worsened after the election of United States President Barack Obama. Al Qarani was repatriated less than two months after the call, on June 13, 2009.
Andy Worthington, the author of The Guantanamo Files, reported that he was still not free after his repatriation, that he being held by Chadian security forces, who described his Chadian detention as a formality.
The BBC reports that after his repatriation Al Garani has not been able to receive any official identity documents, because Chad officials are not sure he is actually a citizen. They report that since Al Garani grew up in Saudi Arabia he is unable to speak to any other Chadians in their local language.
Performance with Laurie Anderson
Avant Garde musician Laurie Anderson collaborated with al Garani in a work entitled Habeas Corpus, based on his life. Al Garani can't travel to the United States, so his participation will be via telepresence. Anderson called al Garani very articulate.
- Glaberson, William; Savage, Charlie (2011-04-26). "Guantánamo Files: Secret Case Against Detainee Crumbles". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-09-11.
- OARDEC (May 15, 2006). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Clive Stafford Smith (2005-06-15). "Kids of Guantanamo". Reprieve via Cageprisoners. Archived from the original on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- The children of Guantanamo Bay, The Independent, May 28, 2006
- "Mohammed El Gharani - The Guantánamo Docket". The New York Times.
- "U.S. judge orders Chad citizen freed from Guantanamo". Reuters. 2009-01-14.
- "Judge Orders Release of Guantanamo Bay Detainee". The Washington Post. 2009-01-15.
- Guantanamo accusations questioned after review turns up basic errors, The Jurist, July 14, 2006
- Factual errors cited in cases against detainees: Lawyers demand new trial system at Guantanamo, Boston Globe, July 14, 2006
- "Triple suicide at Guantanamo camp". BBC. 2006-06-11. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- Group Denounces U.S. Over Gitmo Suicides, Washington Post, September 28, 2006
- Lawyer for detainees speaks on suicides, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 25, 2006
- Andy Worthington (April 25, 2008). "When Guantanamo held children". Dailty Star. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
- "US must free Guantanamo detainee". BBC News. 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- "Judge orders release of Guantanamo detainee from Chad". Agence France Presse. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- "'Nothing changed' at Guantanamo". The Australian. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- "New Guantanamo abuse claims". Al Jazeera. 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- "US transfers Guantanamo detainees". Al Jazeera. 2009-06-13. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- "United States Transfers Two Guantanamo Detainees to Foreign Nations". United States Department of Justice. 2009-06-11. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- Andy Worthington (2009-06-11). "Guantánamo's Youngest Prisoner Released To Chad". Archived from the original on 2009-06-12.
- "Two Guantanamo detainees sent to Iraq, Chad". Briebart. 2009-06-11. Archived from the original on 2009-09-29. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- Luke Baker (2009-06-11). "U.S. frees Guantanamo detainee seized when a teenager". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11.
- "Guantanamo man left in Chad limbo". BBC News. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "Laurie Anderson Partners with Former Gitmo Detainee in Newest Work: HABEAS CORPUS will fuse different elements of film, sculpture, music, and video at Park Avenue Armory". Tricycle magazine. 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2015-09-21.
Since all ex-detainees from Guantanamo Bay are currently barred from entering the United States, el Gharani will appear as part of this installation live from West Africa, beamed into the Armory Drill Hall via advanced streaming techniques and three-dimensional imaging. It will be the first real-time meeting between a former detainee and American audiences.
- Mohammed el Gharani's Guantanamo detainee assessment via Wikileaks
- Memoir of a child kidnapped to Guantanamo Bay, tortured for six years, and released
- Ex-Gitmo detainee struggles to build life in Chad
- Mohammed El-Gharani, Guantánamo’s youngest prisoner, speaks to al-Jazeera - video
- Jo Becker (June 24, 2008). "The war on teen terror". Salon magazine. Retrieved 2008-06-24. mirror
- Guantanamo conditions 'deteriorate' - english.aljazeera.net
- Guantánamo’s Youngest Prisoner Released To Chad Andy Worthington June 11, 2009
- Judge Orders Release of Guantánamo’s Forgotten Child Andy Worthington January 15, 2009
- Judge Richard Leon’s unclassified opinion
- Human Rights First; Habeas Works: Federal Courts’ Proven Capacity to Handle Guantánamo Cases (2010)