Mohan Dharia

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Mohan Dharia (14 February 1925 - 14 October 2013[1]) was a former Union minister, a lawyer and social worker. During his last days he stayed in Pune. Dharia was an environmentalist and ran a non-government organisation Vanrai. He was elected to the Lok Sabha twice from Pune Lok Sabha constituency, first in 1971 as an Indian National Congress (INC) member and became a Minister of State, and later in 1977 as a Bharatiya Lok Dal member, and joined the Morarji Desai Ministry as Union Minister of Commerce. Prior to it, he remained member of the Rajya Sabha twice from INC, first 1964-1970 and then 1970- 1971[2]

He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian honour in 2005, by Government of India for his contribution in social work.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in at village Nate, then Kolaba district, present Mahad Taluka, Raigad district, to Manikchand Dharia, he did his schooling from Konkan Education Society, Mahad. Later he joined Fergusson College Pune to become a surgeon, but abandoned his studies to join the independence movement in 1942. Thereafter he studied law at ILS Law College, Pune University.[4]

Career[edit]

He started his career as an advocate at the Bombay High Court and in time started his political career.[4]

He was previously associated with the Praja Socialist Party and also participated in National Struggle. He was General Secretary of Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee 1962—67 and Member of All India Congress Committee 1962—75. A highlight of Dharia's political career was his staunch opposition to the Thirty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution of India, introduced in 1975 by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. He called it 'a surrender of parliamentary democracy to the coming dictatorship'.[5] His opposition to the imposition of a State of Emergency in June 1975 led to his detention by the Government with other dissenting leaders such as Morarji Desai, Chandra Shekhar and others.[6] He quit Congress after the The Emergency of India post 1975.

He held various positions in Public life:

  • Member, Pune Municipal Corporation, 1957—60,
  • Chairman of its Transport Undertaking, 1957–58;
  • Elected to Rajya Sabha in 1964 and 1970;
  • Member, Fifth Lok Sabha, 1971—77 from Pune
  • Minister of State for Planning, May 1971 to October, 1974,
  • Minister of State for Works & Housing, October 1974 to March 1975;
  • Member, Sixth Lok Sabha, 1977-1980 from Pune.
  • Minister of Commerce, Civil Supplies and Co-operation since March, 1977;
  • Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, Dec 90 - June 91[7]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mohan Dharia passes away". The Hindu. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Statewise Members list
  3. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954-2007)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 2007-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b Biography vanaraitrust]
  5. ^ Austin, Granville (1999). Working a Democratic Constitution - A History of the Indian Experience. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 320. ISBN 019565610-5. 
  6. ^ Narasimha Rao, the Best Prime Minister? by Janak Raj Jai - 1996 - Page 101
  7. ^ http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/history/past_dch.pdf
  8. ^ "Mohan Dharia gets Indira Gandhi National Integration award". Money Control. 31 October 2011. 

External links[edit]