Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana

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Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur

श्री ३ मोहन शमशेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg
Portrait of Mohan Shamsher
17th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
30 April 1948 – 12 November 1951
MonarchKing Tribhuvan
King Gyanendra
Preceded byPadma Shumsher JBR
Succeeded byMatrika Prasad Koirala
Personal details
Born(1885-12-23)23 December 1885
Died6 January 1967(1967-01-06) (aged 81)
Bangalore
ParentsChandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana (father)
Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi (mother)
OccupationPrime Minister of Nepal
Shree Teen Maharaja Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
श्री ३ महाराज मोहन शम्शेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा
King of Lamjung and Kaski Kingdom
His Highness Field-Marshal
Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi
Sri Sri Sri Maharaja
T'ung-ling-ping-ma-Kuo-Kang-Wang
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Knight Grand Cross of the British Empire
Mohan Shamsher JBR.jpg
Reign1948 – 1951
Coronation1948[1]
PredecessorPadma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
Successorabolished
IssueSharada Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
Bijaya Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Full name
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
DynastyRana dynasty
ReligionHinduism

Field-Marshal Shree Shree Shree Maharaja Sir Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (Nepali: मोहन शम्शेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा), GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 – 6 January 1967) was the prime minister and foreign minister of Nepal from 30 April 1948 until 12 November 1951.[2]

He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal Chandra Shumsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shamsher opposed.

In 1950, Mohan Shumsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shamhser to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.

Later in the revolution of 1951, Tribhuvan returned to Nepal after signing The Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shamhser, Tribhuvan and Nepali Congress thus restoring his throne and bringing the stately power back to the monarch. By the end of 1951, the king and his allies, the Nepali Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shumsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were deprived of all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred by king Surendra Bikram Shah on Jang Bahadur even though Mohan Shumsher still held the office of the prime minister for until several demonstrations by Ranas in an attempt to reestablish their rule and the opposition of the monarchy and Nepali Congress forced him to resign from his position.

Death[edit]

On 14 December 1951, Mohan Shumsher went into self-imposed exile in India, and died in Bangalore in 1967, aged 81.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

In 1900, he married Bada Maharani Dikshya Kumari, second daughter of Kunwar Indar Bir Singh Rathor, of Marma Doti. He had two sons and six daughters,[3] .

  1. Rani Sahiba Moha Bakhta Rajya Lakshmi, married to Raja Pashupati Pratap Narayan Singh Bahadur of Bansi in Uttar Pradesh.
  2. Rani Sahiba Trilokya Rajya Lakshmi Kumari, married to Rajya Rishi Rao Saheb Udai Singh of Patan, Rajasthan.
  3. Rani Sahiba Roop Rajya Lakshmi Kumari, married to Rawal Saheb Sangram Singh of Samode in Rajasthan.
  4. Rani Sahiba Mahendra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, married to Rana Shivenber Singh of Khajurgaon.
  5. Rani Sahiba Shada Rajya Lakshmi Devi, married to Raja Girish Chandra Jadumoni Deo Jenamani of Rairakhol State in Orissa.
  6. H.H Rani Sahiba Leela Rajya Lakshmi, married to H.H Maharaj Adhiraj Sipahdar-Ul-Mulk Sir Arimardam Singh Ju Deo Bahadur of Charkhari State in Bundelkhand.

7. General Sharda Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, elder son. He was the father of five children, two sons and three daughters, and all his daughters were given in marriage to high-ranking Rajput Maharajas. His daughters were:

    • Deepak Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, elder son
    • Mukund Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, younger son
    • Maharani Mukut Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Raghunath Singh Bhati of Jaisalmer
    • Maharani Yasho Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Karan Singh Dogra of Jammu and Kashmir
    • Bharati Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Shatrushalya Singh Jadeja of Nawanagar (Jamnagar)

8.General Bijay Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, younger son. married and had issue four children including an only son:

Honours[edit]

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
32. Ramakrishna Kunwar
16. Ranajit Kunwar
8. Bal Narsingh Kunwar
4. Dhir Shamsher Rana
36. Amar Singh Thapa (sanukaji)
18. Nain Singh Thapa
37. Satyarupa Maya
9. Ganesh Kumari Thapa
38. Ranajit Pande
19. Rana Kumari Pande
2. Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
40. Ram Singh Thapa
20. Achal Singh Thapa
10. Hemdal Singh Thapa
5. Nanda Kumari Thapa
1. Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
3. Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lamb6". www.royalark.net.
  2. ^ Royal Ark
  3. ^ Royal Ark
Political offices
Preceded by
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Prime Minister of Nepal
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Matrika Prasad Koirala