Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
|Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana|
|श्री ३ मोहन शमशेर जंग बहादुर राणा|
|17th Prime Minister of Nepal Sri 3 Maharaj of Kaski and Lamjung|
30 April 1948 – 12 November 1951
|Preceded by||Padma Shumsher JBR|
|Succeeded by||Matrika Prasad Koirala|
|Born||December 23, 1885|
|Died||January 6, 1967
|Occupation||Prime Minister of Nepal|
Field-Marshal Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (Nepali: मोहन सम्शेर जंगबहादुर राणा), GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 - 6 January 1967) was the prime minister and foreign minister of Nepal from 30 April 1948 until 12 November 1951.
He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal Chandra Shumsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shamsher opposed.
In 1950, Mohan Shumsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shamhser to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.
Later in 1951, Tribhuvan returned to Nepal after signing The Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shamhser, Tribhuvan and Nepali Congress thus restoring his throne and bringing the stately power back to the monarch . By the end of 1951, the king and his allies, the Nepali Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shumsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were deprived of all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred by king Surendra Bikram Shah on Jang Bahadur even though Mohan Shumsher still held the office of the prime minister for until several demonstrations by Ranas in an attempt to reestablish their rule and the opposition of the monarchy and Nepali Congress forced him to resign from his position.
In 1900, He married Bada Maharani Dikshya Kumari, second daughter of Kunwar Indar Bir Singh Rathor, of Marma Doti. He had two sons and six daughters. His granddaughter, Yasho Rajiya Lakshmi, by his eldest son, Sharada Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana married Karan Singh, Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, on 5 March 1956. Another prominent grand child is the Nepalese politician, Pashupathi Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, son of Lieutenant General Bijaya Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana. Pashupathi Shumsher's daughter is Devyani Rana.
- KCIE (1924)
- Nepal Long Service Medal, and Royal Jubilee Medal (1936)
- GBE (1937)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Cloud and Banner (with the title of Dah-sen-yun-Itevi-Hsun-chang)
- GCIE (27/Nov/1945)
- Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit (1948)
- Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (1949)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (21/Mar/1950)
- GCB (1/May/1950)
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
|Prime Minister of Nepal
Matrika Prasad Koirala