Mohave County, Arizona
|Mohave County, Arizona|
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Location in the U.S. state of Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 9, 1864|
|Largest city||Lake Havasu City|
|• Total||13,461 sq mi (34,864 km2)|
|• Land||13,311 sq mi (34,475 km2)|
|• Water||150 sq mi (388 km2), 1.1%|
|• Density||15/sq mi (6/km²)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 4th|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7|
Mohave County is in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 200,186. The county seat is Kingman, and the largest city is Lake Havasu City.
Mohave County contains parts of Grand Canyon National Park and Lake Mead National Recreation Area and all of the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument. The Kaibab, Fort Mojave and Hualapai Indian Reservations also lie within the county.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics, government and infrastructure
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Communities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Mohave County was the one of four original Arizona Counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature. The county territory was originally defined as being west of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Bill Williams River. Pah-Ute County was created from it in 1865 and was merged back into Mohave County in 1871 when much of its territory was ceded to Nevada in 1866. The county's present boundaries were established in 1881. Mohave County has had five county seats: Mohave City (1864-1867), Hardyville (1867-1873), Cerbat (1873-1877), Mineral Park (1877-1887), and Kingman (1887–Present).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 13,461 square miles (34,860 km2), of which 13,311 square miles (34,480 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (1.1%) is water. It is the second-largest county by area in Arizona and the fifth-largest in the contiguous United States.
The county consists of two sections divided by the Grand Canyon, with no direct land communication between them. The northern section, smaller and less populated, forms the western part of the Arizona Strip, bordering Utah and Nevada. The larger southern section, borders Nevada and California across the Colorado River, which forms most of the county's western boundary. The southern section includes Kingman, the county seat, and other cities, as well as part of the Mojave Desert.
- Washington County, Utah - north
- Kane County, Utah - northeast
- Coconino County - east
- Yavapai County - east
- La Paz County - south
- San Bernardino County, California - southwest
- Clark County, Nevada - west
- Lincoln County, Nevada - northwest
Mohave County and its adjacent counties form the largest such block of counties outside of Alaska. Their combined land area is 89,567.34 square miles (231,978.3 km2), or larger than that of the state of Idaho. They include the #1 (San Bernardino), #2 (Coconino), #5 (Mohave), and #7 (Lincoln) largest counties outside of Alaska.
National protected areas
- Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Grand Canyon National Park (part)
- Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument
- Havasu National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Kaibab National Forest (part)
- Lake Mead National Recreation Area (part)
- Pipe Spring National Monument
There are 18 official wilderness areas in Mohave County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Most of these are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral parts of the preceding protected areas, or have shared jurisdiction with the BLM. Some extend into neighboring counties (as indicated below) All wilderness areas within Grand Canyon-Parashant NM are managed by BLM, although the National Monument shares management with the National Park Service:
- Arrastra Mountain Wilderness (BLM) partly in Yavapai County, AZ and La Paz County, AZ
- Aubrey Peak Wilderness (BLM)
- Beaver Dam Mountains Wilderness (BLM) partly in Washington County, UT
- Cottonwood Point Wilderness (BLM)
- Grand Wash Cliffs Wilderness (Grand Canyon-Parashant NM) managed by BLM
- Havasu Wilderness (Havasu NWR) partly in San Bernardino County, CA
- Kanab Creek Wilderness (Kaibab NF / BLM) mostly in Coconino County, AZ
- Mount Logan Wilderness (Grand Canyon-Parashant NM) managed by BLM
- Mount Nutt Wilderness (BLM)
- Mount Tipton Wilderness (BLM)
- Mount Trumbull Wilderness (Grand Canyon-Parashant NM) managed by BLM
- Mount Wilson Wilderness (BLM)
- Paiute Wilderness (partly in Grand Canyon-Parashant NM) managed by BLM
- Rawhide Mountains Wilderness (BLM) mostly in La Paz County, AZ
- Swansea Wilderness (BLM) mostly in La Paz County, AZ
- Upper Burro Creek Wilderness (BLM) mostly in Yavapai County, AZ
- Wabayuma Peak Wilderness (BLM)
- Warm Springs Wilderness (BLM)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2000 census, there were 155,032 people, 62,809 households, and 43,401 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 80,062 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.06% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 2.41% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 4.00% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 11.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 62,809 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 20.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,521, and the median income for a family was $36,311. Males had a median income of $28,505 versus $20,632 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,788. About 9.80% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.
By 2006 Census Bureau estimates placed the population of Mohave County at 193,035. This represented a 24.5% increase in the population since 2000.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 200,186 people, 82,539 households, and 54,036 families residing in the county. The population density was 15.0 inhabitants per square mile (5.8/km2). There were 110,911 housing units at an average density of 8.3 per square mile (3.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.9% white, 2.2% American Indian, 1.1% Asian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 6.0% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.1% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 15.6% were English, 5.7% were Italian, and 4.5% were American.
Of the 82,539 households, 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 47.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,785 and the median income for a family was $47,530. Males had a median income of $36,222 versus $28,060 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,523. About 11.6% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Politics, government and infrastructure
Mohave County, in accordance with its cultural ties with conservative Mormon Utah, is powerfully Republican. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried Mohave County since Lyndon Johnson – ironically against Arizona native Barry Goldwater – did so in 1964, and even Johnson won by only 152 votes. In recent elections it has become common for Democratic nominees to receive less than thirty percent of the county’s vote, and Hillary Clinton in 2016 received less than 22 percent. Since 2008, Mohave has taken over from Graham and Yavapai as the “reddest” county in the state, and in 2016 it stood as such by twenty percentage points.
|2016||72.9% 58,282||21.8% 17,455|
|2012||69.9% 49,168||27.8% 19,533|
|2008||65.2% 44,333||32.5% 22,092|
|2004||63.5% 36,794||35.4% 20,503|
|2000||55.3% 24,386||39.6% 17,470|
|1996||43.3% 17,997||40.0% 16,629|
|1992||33.7% 13,684||32.6% 13,255|
|1988||62.4% 17,651||36.0% 10,197|
|1984||69.3% 17,364||29.7% 7,436|
|1980||68.9% 13,809||24.4% 4,900|
|1976||51.9% 7,601||44.4% 6,504|
|1972||68.9% 6,755||26.4% 2,588|
|1968||51.6% 3,208||34.0% 2,109|
|1964||48.2% 2,091||51.7% 2,243|
|1960||55.6% 1,641||44.1% 1,303|
|1956||61.0% 1,523||38.8% 968|
|1952||62.1% 1,746||37.9% 1,066|
|1948||43.9% 1,167||55.3% 1,499|
|1944||42.6% 974||57.0% 1,303|
|1940||37.2% 1,198||62.8% 2,024|
|1936||24.1% 609||71.7% 1,814|
|1932||23.5% 537||72.7% 1,660|
|1928||60.3% 1,127||39.0% 728|
|1924||38.0% 738||24.5% 475|
|1920||55.6% 996||40.3% 722|
The Mohave County Administration Building is located in downtown Kingman at 700 West Beale Street. The old County Complex, which the Administration Building replaced, was located adjacent to the courthouse on Spring Street and 4th Street. The Mohave County Superior Courthouse, built in 1915, is an Art Deco/Streamline Moderne building on the National Register of Historic Places. The county jail is adjacent to the County Administration Building at 501 S. Highway 66.
The following school districts and colleges serve Mohave County
Unified school districts
- Colorado City Unified School District
- Kingman Unified School District
- Lake Havasu Unified School District
- Littlefield Unified School District
- Peach Springs Unified School District
- Kingman Academy of Learning
High school districts
Elementary school districts
- Bullhead City Elementary School District
- Hackberry School District
- Mohave Valley Elementary School District
- Owens-Whitney Elementary School District
- Topock Elementary School District
- Valentine Elementary School District
- Yucca Elementary School District
The following public use airports are located in Mohave County:
- Bullhead City - Eagle Airpark (A09)
- Bullhead City - Laughlin-Bullhead International Airport (IFP)
- Bullhead City - Sun Valley Airport (A20)
- Colorado City - Colorado City Municipal Airport (AZC)
- Kingman - Kingman Airport (IGM)
- Lake Havasu City - Lake Havasu City Airport (HII)
- Meadview - Pearce Ferry Airport (L25)
- Peach Springs - Grand Canyon West Airport (1G4)
- Temple Bar - Temple Bar Airport (U30)
Census designated places
- Arizona Village
- Beaver Dam
- Cane Beds
- Centennial Park
- Clacks Canyon
- Crystal Beach
- Desert Hills
- Dolan Springs
- Fort Mohave
- Golden Shores
- Golden Valley
- Grand Canyon West
- Lazy Y U
- Mesquite Creek
- Mohave Valley
- Mojave Ranch Estates
- New Kingman-Butler
- Peach Springs
- Pine Lake
- Pinion Pines
- Valle Vista
- Walnut Creek
- White Hills
- Willow Valley
- Alamo Crossing
- Aubrey Landing
- Camp Beale Springs
- Fort Mohave
- Gold Basin
- Grand Gulch
- Grasshopper Junction
- Greenwood City
- Liverpool Landing
- Lost Basin
- Mineral City
- Mineral Park
- Mohave City
- Mount Trumbull
- Old Trails
- Pearce Ferry
- Polhamus Landing
- Santa Claus
- Virginia City
- Willow Ranch
- Wolf Hole
- Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation
- Fort Mojave Indian Reservation
- Kaibab Indian Reservation
- Hualapai indian reservation
County population ranking
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|1||Lake Havasu City||52,527||City||1978|
|7||Colorado City||4,821||City||1913 (founded)|
|23||Lazy Y U||428||CDP|
|36||Kaibab (partially in Coconino County)||124||CDP|
|41||Mojave Ranch Estates||52||CDP|
|45||Grand Canyon West||2||CDP|
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Mohave County, Arizona
- Upper Burro Creek Wilderness
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Wagoner, Jay J. (1970). Arizona Territory 1863-1912: A Political history. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8165-0176-9.
- Walker, Henry (1986). "Historical Atlas of Arizona", p.32. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. ISBN 978-0806120249
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Mohave County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
- Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN 0405077114
- "Arizona State Prison - Kingman (MTC)".
- "Golden Valley CDP, Arizona." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 13, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohave County, Arizona.|
- Geographic data related to Mohave County, Arizona at OpenStreetMap
- Mohave County Government
- Mohave County Political Information
- History of Medicine in Kingman and Mohave County at the Wayback Machine (archived February 16, 2007)
||Lincoln County, Nevada||Washington County, Utah||Kane County, Utah|
|Clark County, Nevada||Coconino County|
|San Bernardino County, California||La Paz County||Yavapai County|