Mohawk and Malone Railway
|Locale||Northern Adirondacks at Tupper Lake Junction|
|Dates of operation||1892–1913|
|Predecessor||Herkimer, Newport and Poland Railway|
|Successor||New York Central|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
Dr. William Seward Webb's Mohawk and Malone Railway crossed the northern Adirondacks at Tupper Lake Junction, just north of Tupper Lake. Webb was president of the Wagner Palace Car Company. He began by purchasing the 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge Herkimer, Newport and Poland Railway, which ran 16 miles (26 km) from Herkimer to Poland, converting its trackage to 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge, and straightening it to avoid multiple crossings of the West Canada Creek. He then had track built from Tupper Lake to Moira and thence to Montreal. This was called variously the Adirondack and St. Lawrence Railroad and the Mohawk and Malone. 
After 1893, it was controlled by the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad.
It opened in 1892 from Malone Junction to Childwold Station with a branch from Lake Clear Junction to Saranac Lake. In 1913, it merged with the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad as the "Adirondack Division".
- Kudish, Michael, Where Did the Tracks Go in the Central Adirondacks?, Volume Two, Purple Mountain Press, Fleischmanns, New York, 2007. ISBN 978-1-930098-81-7.
- Raymond W. Smith (October 1993). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: New York Central Railroad Adirondack Division Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- Prototype History - The Adirondack Line
- New York Times, "FINANCIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS.; Mohawk and Malone Bonds." May 13, 1893.
- New York Times, "NOW FOR THE ADIRONDACKS.; DR. WEBB'S RAILROAD OPEN FOR BUSINESS." June 26, 1892
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