Mohyliv-Podilskyi

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Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Могилів-Подільський
Moghilău/Movilău
Mohylów Podolski
City
Mohyliv-Podilskyj skyline
Mohyliv-Podilskyj skyline
Flag of Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Coat of arms of Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Mohyliv-Podilskyi is located in Vinnytsia Oblast
Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Location in Ukraine
Mohyliv-Podilskyi is located in Ukraine
Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Mohyliv-Podilskyi
Mohyliv-Podilskyi (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°27′0″N 27°47′0″E / 48.45000°N 27.78333°E / 48.45000; 27.78333Coordinates: 48°27′0″N 27°47′0″E / 48.45000°N 27.78333°E / 48.45000; 27.78333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Vinnytsia Oblast
RaionMohyliv-Podilskyi Raion
Founded1595
Magdeburg rights1743
City status1796
Government
 • MayorPetro Brovko
Area
 • Total21.63 km2 (8.35 sq mi)
Elevation
79 m (259 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total30,186
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
24000-24004
Area code(s)+380-4337
Websitempmr.gov.ua

Mohyliv-Podilskyi (Ukrainian: Могилів-Подільський, Russian: Могилёв-Подо́льский, Polish: Mohylów Podolski, Romanian: Moghilău/Movilău, Yiddish: מאָהילעװ, romanizedMohilev) is a city in the Mohyliv-Podilskyi Raion of the Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. Administratively, Mohyliv-Podilskyi is incorporated as a town of regional significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Mohyliv-Podilskyi Raion, one of twenty-seven districts of Vinnytsia Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. It is located in the historic region of Podolia, on the border with Bessarabia, Moldova, along the left bank of the Dniester river. On the opposite side of the river lies the Moldovan town of Otaci, and the two municipalities are connected to each other by a bridge. Population: 30,186 (2021 est.)[1]

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1595–1672
 Ottoman Empire 1672–1699
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1699–1793
 Russian Empire 1793–1917
Soviet Ukraine 1920–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1941
 Kingdom of Romania 1941–1944
 Soviet Union 1944–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Polish period[edit]

The first mention of the town dates from 1595. The owner of the town, Moldavian hospodar Ieremia Movilă (from which the name Mohyliv, Moghilău/Movilău in Romanian) bestowed it as a dowry gift to his daughter, who married into the Potocki family of Polish nobility. At that time, the groom named the town Movilǎu in honor of his father-in-law. In the first quarter of the 17th century, Mohyliv became one of the largest towns in Podolia. It was part of the Podolian Voivodeship of the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown. It was a multi-ethnic border town composed of Poles, Greeks, Armenians, Serbs, Vlachs and Bosniaks.[2] In the 18th century the main churches of the town were built: the Polish-Armenian Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Greek St. Nicholas Church.[3] Polish rule was interrupted by Ottoman rule as part of Podolia Eyalet. During Ottoman rule, it was nahiya centre of Kamaniçe sanjak as Mıhaylov.[4]

Russian period[edit]

Interior of the Polish Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary prior to 1937 demolition

The town was annexed by Russia after the 1793 Second Partition of Poland. After the restoration of Polish independence, Mohyliv was briefly captured by the Poles under the command of General Franciszek Krajowski in 1919, but it ultimately fell to the Soviet Union. In 1937, during the Polish Operation of the NKVD, the Soviets destroyed the Polish Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.[citation needed]

Romanian period[edit]

Mohyliv-Podilskyi was occupied by Romanian and German troops in July 1941 and incorporated into the Romanian-ruled Transnistria Governorate. Soon thereafter, thousands of Jews in the town were murdered by the occupiers. Mohyliv-Podilskyi soon became a transit camp for Jews expelled from Bessarabia and Bukovina to Transnistria. From September 1941 to February 1942 more than 55,000 deportees came through the town. Thousands of people were jammed into the transit camp and treated cruelly by the Romanian guards.[citation needed] Many Jews were not allowed to stay in Mohyliv-Podilskyi; thousands were forced to travel by foot to nearby villages and towns. The 15,000 who were initially permitted to stay in the town organized themselves into groups. Some 2,000—3,000 were given residence permits, while the rest lived in constant fear of being deported into the Transnistrian interior for forced labor.

In December 1943 over 3,000 Jews were allowed to return to Romania, and in March 1944, Jewish leaders in Bucharest got permission to bring back 1,400 orphans. Mohyliv-Podilskyi was liberated that month; many Jewish men were immediately drafted by the Soviet army. Many who stayed in the city were killed by German bombs. Most of the deportees were allowed to return to Romania in the spring of 1945.[citation needed]

Ukrainian period[edit]

Mohyliv-Podilskyi has been part of Ukraine since August 24, 1991.

On November 10, 2016, in Mogilev-Podilskyi, a memorial to the heroes of border guards who died in 1941 was opened.[5]

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the southwest of the Vinnytsia region in the ravine formed by the Dniester River and other ravines (Karpivskyi yar), which are formed by the rivers that enter the Dniester basin (Derlo, Nemia, etc.). During the period of snow melting and after rains, temporary drains flow along the bottoms of the beams and the slopes of the ravines.

The average height above sea level is 80 m.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mohyliv-Podilskyi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
2.9
(37.2)
8.7
(47.7)
16.4
(61.5)
23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
27.8
(82.0)
27.4
(81.3)
21.8
(71.2)
15.5
(59.9)
7.4
(45.3)
2.1
(35.8)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.4
(38.1)
10.0
(50.0)
16.0
(60.8)
19.0
(66.2)
20.9
(69.6)
20.0
(68.0)
14.9
(58.8)
9.3
(48.7)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.4
(39.9)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
14.6
(58.3)
13.6
(56.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.6
(40.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.9
(25.0)
4.5
(40.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.0
(1.14)
28.1
(1.11)
27.7
(1.09)
45.3
(1.78)
64.2
(2.53)
86.7
(3.41)
97.1
(3.82)
57.4
(2.26)
55.4
(2.18)
33.5
(1.32)
39.3
(1.55)
32.7
(1.29)
596.4
(23.48)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.1 6.6 6.0 7.7 8.6 9.0 9.3 7.0 6.4 5.7 6.4 7.1 85.9
Average relative humidity (%) 80.4 77.8 71.6 66.4 66.8 71.3 72.2 72.3 75.4 78.1 81.4 82.2 74.7
Source: World Meteorological Organization[6]

Economy[edit]

Now working in the city:

  • Mohyliv-Podilsky Machine-Building Plant;
  • metalworking plants;
  • light and food industry enterprises, etc.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Mohyliv-Podilskyi is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland, vol. 6, p. 613-614
  3. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland, vol. 6, p. 614
  4. ^ http://i.piccy.info/i9/50c7ec080439bb1790d77fec4b180a08/1437042927/139143/831035/The_Eyalet_of_Kamanice.jpg[bare URL image file]
  5. ^ "У Могилеві-Подільському відкрили Меморіал пам'яті загиблим героям-прикордонникам".
  6. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.

External links[edit]