The commercial district at South King Street and University Avenue in Moiliili is the closest such district to the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. The H-1 Freeway is located between UH Manoa and the business district.
The community changed from being an agriculture-centered town to an urban area in the early 20th century. 80% of Moiliili's population was of Japanese origins as of the 1930 U.S. Census. The development of the H-1 Freeway took away commercial traffic that previously patronized Moiliili's businesses.
For a 40-year period before 2007, various members of the area community considered developing Moiliili into a college town environment. Around 2002 Evan Dobelle, the president of the University of Hawaii system, said that he would prioritize developing a college town. He also discussed the idea of moving the UH system offices from UH Manoa to Moiliili. In 2007 Kamehameha Schools bought 1.7 acres (0.69 ha) of land from Pacific Theatres, including the Varsity Theatre and the Varsity Office Building, increasing its landholdings in Moiliili to 11.4 acres (4.6 ha), mostly along South King Street and University Avenue.
A small and local community, composed of numerous small businesses such as florists, imported goods, ethnic foods and surf gear and apparel, the major focus of the small community is centered on the area of University Avenue and King Street, Coordinates: .
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Located beneath the busy intersection of South King Street and University Avenue lies a complex system of caves known as the Moiliili Karst. Originally the underwater stream was fed by the Manoa stream, but it has since been rerouted. A natural pond was formed and the popular Willows restaurant centered on this natural phenomenon. However, construction to the UH athletic fields and surrounding businesses caused collapses and rerouting of the underground waterway, and forced the owners to cement in the pond, making it now an artificial pond. Several species of fish and plant life live in this system of caves. This cave system is not open to spelunkers and is accessible only by a city sewer grate.
In May 2009, Mōʻiliʻili Matters, a community-based online social network, was officially launched. Among its first members were a number of community and business leaders including: Senator z, Hawaii Senate; Senator Carol Fukunaga, Hawaii Senate; Representative Scott Saiki, Hawaii House of Representatives; Representative Scott Nishimoto, Hawaii House of Representatives; Ron Lockwood, Chair of the McCully-Mōʻiliʻili Neighborhood Board; and others.
One of the Mōʻiliʻili neighborhood's issues has been illegal garbage dumping. Mōʻiliʻili Matters played an active role in exploring the issue and collaborating with community stakeholders. After monitoring the discussion forum on illegal garbage dumping, the Founder of Mōʻiliʻili Matters collaborated with Kamehameha Schools (Mōʻiliʻili's largest landowner) to address the problem. The collaboration produced an informational postcard regarding bulky item pick-up dates and guidelines The postcard was mailed to more than 15,000 households.
As a result of the collaboration, Mōʻiliʻili Matters received media attention. On September 27, 2009, the Honolulu Advertiser published an article titled, "Web site aims to unite Moʻiliʻili." A few days later, June Watanabe, a Honolulu Star-Bulletin staff writer also wrote about the team effort. KHON-TV Reporter, Kirk Matthews interviewed Kamehameha Schools spokesperson Kekoa Paulsen and Mōʻiliʻili Matters Founder Derek Kauanoe for its "Be Green 2" segment titled, "Partnering to clean up city sidewalks."
After Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann announced he would introduce a bill penalizing property owners for illegally dumped bulky items, the Honolulu Weekly's Ragnar Carlson once again wrote about Mōʻiliʻili Matters briefly in an Editor's note and recognized the social network for raising the illegal garbage dumping problem.
Mōʻiliʻili Matters co-hosted a Congressional candidate debate on April 13, 2010. On February 28, 2010, U.S. Representative Neil Abercrombie resigned from Congress creating an early vacancy for his seat. Although 14 candidates ran for the seat, Ed Case, Charles Djou, and Colleen Hanabusa were identified as front-runners. Derek Kauanoe moderated the event.
The area is serviced by Honolulu's The Bus service.
Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools.
Parks and recreation
The Moiliili Community Center was established around 1950 and originated from the Moiliili Japanese Language School, a Japanese-language school established by Kihachi and Shika Kashiwabara in 1906. At its pre-World War II peak this Japanese school had over 1,000 students. Non-Japanese persons transferred board positions to non-Japanese and had a Boy Scout troop moved into one of the school's buildings to prevent the school from being confiscated during the war. The Moiliili Community Association received the school's lands and assets in 1945, leading to the establishment of the community center. In 1996 the community center had programs for 660 children and about 600 adults of all ages.
- Magin, Janis L. "Land deals could breathe new life into Moiliili." Pacific Business News. Sunday July 1, 2007. 1. Retrieved on October 5, 2011.
- Yuen, Mike. "Using past to buoy future" (Archive). Honolulu Star Advertiser. July 31, 2011. Retrieved on April 16, 2015.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mō‘ili‘ili
- "McCully-Mōʻiliʻili Neighborhood Board". Honolulu Neighborhood Commission Office web site. July 6, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Ragnar Carlson (July 15, 2009). "The Might Moʻ: An often-overlooked neighborhood finds a voice online". Honolulu Weekly. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Mōʻiliʻili Matters Press Release. September 17, 2009
- September 16, 2009 Mōʻiliʻili Matters http://www.moiliilimatters.com/page/trash-1
- Kunz, Caryn. Web site aims to unite Moʻiliʻili. September 27, 2009. Honolulu Advertiser.
- Watanabe, June. Kokua Line: Moiliili Matters September 30, 2009. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 
- Matthews, Kirk. Be Green 2: Partnering to clean up city sidewalks. October 6, 2009. KHON-TV http://www.khon2.com/content/begreen2/story/Be-Green-2-Partnering-to-Clean-Up-City-Sidewalks/zOzMX-OFzUy2UJLjzvpyTQ.cspx?articleID=2067
- Bernardo, Rosemarie. Hefty fine for early bulky waste. November 24, 2009. Honolulu Star-Bulletin http://www.starbulletin.com/news/20091124_Hefty_fine_for_early_bulky_waste.html
- Carlson, Ragnar. Editor's Note. December 2, 2009. Honolulu Weekly http://honoluluweekly.com/editors-notes/2009/12/editors-note-7/
- B.J. Reyes. Congressional hopefuls face off: Case, Hanabusa and Djou debate tax cuts by Bush, education, and the economy in Moiliili. April 14, 2010. Honolulu Star-Bulletin http://archives.starbulletin.com/content/20100414_Congressional_hopefuls_face_off
- Derrick DePledge. Hawaii congressional candidates split on tax breaks for affluent: Case, Hanabusa say they'd let breaks lapse, Djou wouldn't. April 14, 2010. Honolulu Advertiser http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2010/Apr/14/ln/hawaii4140349.html
- "Moiliili Neighborhood Park." City and County of Honolulu. Retrieved on October 5, 2011. "Moiliili Neighborhood Park 1115 Isenberg Street Honolulu, HI 96826"
- Watanabe, June. "Moiliili Community Center" (Archive). Honolulu Star-Bulletin. October 24, 1996. Retrieved on April 16, 2015.