Caricocha in the Mojanda caldera. On the opposite side of lake, the páramo has been burned away to promote new growth for cattle grazing.
|Elevation||4,263 m (13,986 ft)|
|Location||Between Imbabura and Pichincha provinces, Ecuador|
|Mountain type||Inactive stratovolcano|
|Last eruption||Middle Pleistocene|
Mojanda is an inactive stratovolcano of the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes in northern Ecuador. A summit caldera, which was produced by an explosive Plinian Eruption that marked the end of Mojanda activity 200,000 years ago, is occupied by three crater lakes: Karikucha (the largest), Yanakucha, and Warmikucha. Having received protected status in 2002, they are a popular tourist destination and are about 20 minutes taxi ride from the largely indigenous town of Otavalo.
Mojanda is a complex of two volcanoes which were active simultaneously. The volcanic vents are only 3 km apart. The other volcano, which produced at least two Plinian Eruptions of its own, is known as Fuya Fuya. Fuya Fuya partially collapsed around 165,000 years ago, creating a large caldera to the west. A new volcanic cone and other lava domes subsequently extruded inside the caldera, probably during the Late Pleistocene.
- "Potential hazards in case of unrest at Mojanda - Fuya Fuya volcanic complex, Ecuador" (DOC). Retrieved 2006-03-17.
- "Mojanda". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2006-03-17.
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