Mojanda

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{{Infobox mountain | name = Mojanda | photo = Mojanda.jpg | photo_caption = Caricocha in the Mojanda caldera. On the opposite side of lake, the páramo has been burned away to promote new growth for cattle grazing. | elevation_m = 4,263 | elevation_ref = | prominence = | location = Between [[Imbabura Province and [[Pichincha Province|provinces, Ecuador | range = Andes | coordinates = 0°08′N 78°16′W / 0.13°N 78.27°W / 0.13; -78.27Coordinates: 0°08′N 78°16′W / 0.13°N 78.27°W / 0.13; -78.27 | topo = | type = Inactive stratovolcano | age = | last_eruption = Middle Pleistocene | first_ascent = | easiest_route = }}

Mojanda is an inactive stratovolcano of the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes in northern Ecuador. A summit caldera, which was produced by an explosive Plinian Eruption that marked the end of Mojanda activity 200,000 years ago, is occupied by three crater lakes: Karikucha (the largest), Yanakucha, and Warmikucha.[1] Having received protected status in 2002, they are a popular tourist destination and are about 20 minutes taxi ride from the largely indigenous town of Otavalo.

Mojanda is a complex of two volcanoes which were active simultaneously. The volcanic vents are only 3 km apart. The other volcano, which produced at least two Plinian Eruptions of its own, is known as Fuya Fuya. Fuya Fuya partially collapsed around 165,000 years ago, creating a large caldera to the west. A new volcanic cone and other lava domes subsequently extruded inside the caldera, probably during the Late Pleistocene.[2]

The high altitude grasslands and shrublands of Mojanda, which lie above the cloud forests, are collectively known as páramo. They are frequently grazed by cattle.

A panorama taken in Mojanda volcanic lakes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Potential hazards in case of unrest at Mojanda - Fuya Fuya volcanic complex, Ecuador" (DOC). Retrieved 2006-03-17.
  2. ^ "Mojanda". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2006-03-17.