Mojanda

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Mojanda
Mojanda.jpg
Caricocha in the Mojanda caldera. On the opposite side of lake, the páramo has been burned away to promote new growth for cattle grazing.
Highest point
Elevation 4,263 m (13,986 ft)
Coordinates 0°08′N 78°16′W / 0.13°N 78.27°W / 0.13; -78.27Coordinates: 0°08′N 78°16′W / 0.13°N 78.27°W / 0.13; -78.27
Geography
Location Between Imbabura and Pichincha provinces, Ecuador
Parent range Andes
Geology
Mountain type Inactive stratovolcano
Last eruption Middle Pleistocene

Mojanda is an inactive stratovolcano of the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes in northern Ecuador. A summit caldera, which was produced by an explosive Plinian Eruption that marked the end of Mojanda activity 200,000 years ago, is occupied by three crater lakes: Karikucha (the largest), Yanakucha, and Warmikucha.[1] Having received protected status in 2002, they are a popular tourist destination and are about 20 minutes taxi ride from the largely indigenous town of Otavalo.

Mojanda is a complex of two volcanoes which were active simultaneously. The volcanic vents are only 3 km apart. The other volcano, which produced at least two Plinian Eruptions of its own, is known as Fuya Fuya. Fuya Fuya partially collapsed around 165,000 years ago, creating a large caldera to the west. A new volcanic cone and other lava domes subsequently extruded inside the caldera, probably during the Late Pleistocene.[2]

The high altitude grasslands and shrublands of Mojanda, which lie above the cloud forests, are collectively known as páramo. They are frequently grazed by cattle.

A panorama taken in Mojanda volcanic lakes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Potential hazards in case of unrest at Mojanda - Fuya Fuya volcanic complex, Ecuador" (DOC). Retrieved 2006-03-17. 
  2. ^ "Mojanda". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2006-03-17.