|Elevation||38 m (125 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Magahi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1000/892 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Munger|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Mokama(183)|
|Precipitation||1,000 millimetres (39 in)|
Mokama is a city and a municipality in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is located 90 km east of Patna on the southern banks of the river Ganges and is a station on the rail route connecting Kolkata to New Delhi via Patna. It is said that Mokama (मोकामा) fell on the route of the armies moving along the river Ganges during the Mughal and British periods. It was their resting place or Mukam (मुकाम), which means destination in Hindustani. Thus the name Mokama came into being over the years.
Mokama is situated on the southern banks of the Ganges. The landscape here is absolutely plain. The strip of land running along the northern bank of Ganges is called diara land in local parlance. The diara land submerges in Ganges waters during monsoons. To the south of Mokameh town lie the tal wetlands. The tal wetlands get submerged under the rising waters of the Ganges during the monsoons.
Some of the important localities which fall under Mokama Municipality are Sakarwar Tola, Moldiar Tola,laheriya tola, Dheorani Tola, Kowabhong and Chintamanichak, Sahwegpur , Shikharichak, Panchmahala , Tatwa Toli, Dr. Toli, Farsi Muhalla, Indira Nagar, Bhagwan Pur, Modan Gachi, Chandvari, Chatarpura, Modan Tola, Kachra Muhalla, & Aunta Gram. C.R.P.F. group centre is situated at the banks of the Ganges and R.P.F. training centre lies adjacent to it.
The main occupation is agriculture and the town is surrounded by farmlands. Major crops include lentils, chickpeas, mustard seeds. Many varieties of vegetables are grown here too. Papaya, guava and mango are some of the common fruits cultivated. However, major parcels of the Diara and Tal lands remain submerged for three months a year.
Mokama was developing as a market and trading place but it's economy faltered due to a sharp rise in crime rates.
As of 2001[update] India census, Mokama had a population of 96,441. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mokama has a literacy rate of 96%, higher than the national average of 69.5%: male literacy is 99%, and female literacy is 93%. In Mokama, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. There is a CRPF base group centre and a RPF training centre at Mokama.
People and culture
A dialect of Magadhi known as Magahi is commonly spoken. Family organisation is very traditional and often large but improved education is leading to increasingly liberal attitudes. Marriages are generally arranged and they involve a large sum of dowry, despite the practice being illegal. Bride and groom meet only after marriage.
The declining infrastructure and unemployment have led to migration to other parts of India in search of better opportunities. . The common attire of the people was dhoti, kurta and gamchha, a large rectangular cotton cloth on their shoulders or tied round heads.But now people become stylish here and they now wear jeans T-shirt and all the western attire specially young age group Women have also got chance in their education and their scope after studies.They not only wear sarees only now but also suit ,jeans top and a decent dress no doubt.
The most awaited and widely celebrated festival is Chhath, a festival where people worship the setting and the rising Sun in the month of October/November. About 1.5 km west from Mokama station lies Baba Parsuram Mandir, a place of pilgrimage.
The romantic folk story of Reshma and Chuharmal is commemorated with an annual fair.
Also every year in December a fair is organised in the Nazrath Church compound in the memory of Mother Mary.
Indian independence movement
Mokama has a history of being fertile ground for criminals. Nata Singh, Surajbhan Singh, Anant Singh and many other criminals are known nationally for the crime committed by them.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Archaeological Survey of India, Reports, Volume 8. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. 1878. p. 101. Retrieved 19 February 2012.