The Mokattam (Arabic: المقطم pronounced [almoˈqɑtˤ.tˤɑm], also spelled Muqattam), also known as the Mukattam Mountain or Hills, is the name of a range of hills and a suburb in them, located in southeastern Cairo, Egypt.
The Arabic name Mokattam, which means cut off or broken off, refers to how the low range of hills is divided into three sections. The highest segment is a low mountain landform called Moqattam Mountain. In the past the low mountain range was an important ancient Egyptian quarry site for limestone, used in the construction of temples and pyramids. They represent the northwestern part of the limestone sampling area. 150 meters above sea level, 150 meters above the surface of the upper Mokattam, in the form of an updated twisting in the cracks due to the disturbances that hit Egypt during the oligocene and mucin periods, and the mountain consists of three successive questes Geologically, Mokattam enters within the formation of the armies and is located above the Salah al-Din Citadel and the composition is named after the name of Mount Armies, which was established since ancient times above the front foot of Mount Mokattam.
The hills are in the region of ancient Fustat, the new capital founded by 'Amr ibn al-'As after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 642 CE. The Zabbaleen people, who are an integral part of collecting and processing Cairo's municipal solid waste, live in Manshiyat Naser, Garbage City, at the foot of the Mokattam Hills.
Simon the Tanner
Mokattam is widely known in the Coptic Church, as it is believed to have moved up and down when the Coptic Pope Abraham of Alexandria performed a mass near it in order to prove to the Caliph that the Gospel is true, when it says that "if one has faith like a grain of mustard one can move a mountain". The name "Broken off Mountain" may be related to the fact that in the story the mountain breaks off from the underlying rock and rises up, before coming back down.
- Maqaduniya, a region of Medieval Egypt
- City of the Dead, Islamic necropolis and cemetery
- List of types of limestone, ancient Egyptians quarried limestone in the hills
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- BBC Newshour The Angel of Garbage City, October 11, 2014, 20:00 UTC.
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