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Mokattam (upper area), above the City of the Dead—Cairo necropolis, in a 1904 aerial view by Eduard Spelterini from a hot air balloon.
The area on election day, 2011.

The Mokattam (Arabic: المقطم‎  pronounced [almoˈqɑtˤ.tˤɑm], also spelled Muqattam), also known as the Mukattam Mountain or Hills, is the name of a range of hills and a suburb in them, located in southeastern Cairo, Egypt.[1][2]


The Arabic name Mokattam, which means cut off or broken off, refers to how the low range of hills is divided into three sections. The highest segment is a low mountain landform called Moqattam Mountain.[3] In the past the low mountain range was an important ancient Egyptian quarry site for limestone, used in the construction of temples and pyramids.[1][4] They represent the northwestern part of the limestone sampling area. 150 meters above sea level, 150 meters above the surface of the upper Mokattam, in the form of an updated twisting in the cracks due to the disturbances that hit Egypt during the oligocene and mucin periods, and the mountain consists of three successive questes Geologically, Mokattam enters within the formation of the armies and is located above the Salah al-Din Citadel and the composition is named after the name of Mount Armies, which was established since ancient times above the front foot of Mount Mokattam.


St. No.8-Mokattam

The hills are in the region of ancient Fustat, the new capital founded by 'Amr ibn al-'As after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 642 CE.[5] The Zabbaleen people, who are an integral part of collecting and processing Cairo's municipal solid waste, live in Manshiyat Naser, Garbage City, at the foot of the Mokattam Hills.[6]

An example of the integration of architecture into the landscape c.1887

Simon the Tanner[edit]

Mokattam is widely known in the Coptic Church, as it is believed to have moved up and down when the Coptic Pope Abraham of Alexandria performed a mass near it in order to prove to the Caliph that the Gospel is true, when it says that "if one has faith like a grain of mustard one can move a mountain". The name "Broken off Mountain" may be related to the fact that in the story the mountain breaks off from the underlying rock and rises up, before coming back down.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kamel, Seif. "Al Mokattam Mountain: On top of Cairo". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  2. ^ Kebede-Francis, Enku (October 25, 2010). Global Health Disparities: Closing the Gap Through Good Governance. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 320. ISBN 9781449619343.
  3. ^ "Cave Church". Archived from the original on 2007-10-28. Retrieved 2016-11-14.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ Sir Philip de M. Grey Egerton, Bart, M.P., F.R.S., F.G.S., P. d. M. G. (1854). "Palichthyologic Notes. No. 8. On some Ichthyolites from the Nummulitic Limestone of the Mokattam Hills, near Cairo". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. 10 (1–2): 374–378. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1854.010.01-02.42. S2CID 130754356.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Rappoport, S. The Founding of Fostât -The Project Gutenberg EBook of History Of Egypt From 330 B.C. To The Present Time, Volume 11 (of 12). Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  6. ^ Gauch, Sarah (January 6, 2003). "Egypt dumps 'garbage people'". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on March 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  7. ^ BBC Newshour The Angel of Garbage City, October 11, 2014, 20:00 UTC.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°01′N 31°18′E / 30.02°N 31.30°E / 30.02; 31.30