|Life-giving and life-taking, fertility and moisture|
Modern wooden statue in the Czech Republic
|Roman equivalent||Paraskevi of Rome|
|Christian equivalent||Paraskevi of Iconium, Virgin Mary|
Mokoš (Old Russian Мокошь) is a Slavic goddess mentioned in the Primary Chronicle, protector of women's work and women's destiny. She watches over spinning and weaving, shearing of sheep, and protects women in child birth. Mokosh is the handmaiden of Mat Zemlya.
According to Max Vasmer, her name is derived from the same root as Slavic words mokry 'wet' and moknut(i) 'get wet'.
Mokoš was one of the most popular Slavic deities and the great Mother Goddess of East Slavs. In embroidery, she is represented as a woman with uplifted hands and flanked by two plow horses. Sometimes she is shown with male sexual organs, as the deity in charge of male potency. She has no consort.
Worshipped as late as the 19th century, she was a force of fertility and the ruler of death. Worshipers prayed to Mokosh-stones or breast-shaped boulders that held power over the land and its people.
Mokoš was later replaced by the cult of the Virgin Mary and St. Paraskevia. The name of the latter can be translated as "Friday", the day associated with females and female deities; in Slavic tradition, it was devoted to Mokoš. Probably because of associations with Mokoš, St. Paraskevia became one of the most popular and beloved saints in Russia.
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- Russian folk belief By Linda J. Ivantis
- Russian folk belief
- Mother Russia: The Feminine Myth in Russian Culture By Joanna Hubbs p. 26
- Patricia Monaghan (2010). "". Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines p. 516
- Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov, Vladimir Toporov. Mokoš./ В. В. Иванов, В. Н. Топоров - «Мокошь». Мифы народов мира, т. II. М.:Российская энциклопедия, 1994.