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Molde (town)

Coordinates: 62°44′15″N 7°09′33″E / 62.7375°N 7.1591°E / 62.7375; 7.1591
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
View of the town
View of the town
Town of Roses
Molde is located in Møre og Romsdal
Location of the town
Molde is located in Norway
Molde (Norway)
Coordinates: 62°44′15″N 7°09′33″E / 62.7375°N 7.1591°E / 62.7375; 7.1591
RegionWestern Norway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
MunicipalityMolde Municipality
Established as 
 • Total9.08 km2 (3.51 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
 • Total21,103
 • Density2,324/km2 (6,020/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
6400 Molde

Molde (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈmɔ̂ɫdə] ) is a city in Molde Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The city is located along the Moldefjorden and the river Molde. The city is the largest urban and commercial centre of the Romsdal region as well as the administrative centre of Molde Municipality and of Møre og Romsdal county. The Church of Norway's Diocese of Møre is also based at the Molde Cathedral.[3]

Molde has a maritime, temperate climate, with cool-to-warm summers, and relatively mild winters. It is nicknamed The Town of Roses.[4]

The settlement emerged as a shipping port for lumber to the Netherlands in the late 1500s.[5]: 24  Formal trading rights were granted at some point before 1604,[6]: 79–87  and the town was incorporated through a royal charter in 1742. Bolsøy Municipality, which later merged with Molde town, was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law).[3]

The town continued to grow throughout the 17th to 19th centuries, becoming a centre for the Norwegian textile and garment industry, as well as the administrative centre for the region, and was a major tourist destination until World War I. After World War II, Molde experienced accelerated growth, merging with Bolsøy Municipality and parts of Veøy Municipality and Nord-Aukra Municipality on 1 January 1964, making the municipality much larger than the urban area of the town of Molde. On 1 January 2020, the municipality was expanded again through the incorporation of the neighboring municipalities of Midsund and Nesset.

The 9.08-square-kilometre (2,240-acre) town has a population (2019) of 21,103 and a population density of 2,324 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,020/sq mi).[1]



The town is named after the original settlement on the farmstead of Molde (Old Norse: Moldar). The name is the plural form of either mold which means "fertile soil" or moldr which means "skull" or "mold" (thus in reference to the rounded peaks in Moldemarka).[7]

Pronunciation varies between the standard Molde and the rural Molle. A person from Molde will refer to him/herself as a Moldenser or Moldensar.


Illustration of Molde, painting by Nico Wilhelm Jungmann, 1904

Human presence in the area can be traced to at least 3000-4500 BC, the age of two petroglyphs found at Bjørset, west of the city centre. The town's current location dates from the lumber trade of the late 1500s, but is preceded by the early medieval settlement on the nearby island of Veøya, an island to the south of present-day town of Molde. The settlement at Veøya probably dates from the Migration Period, but is first mentioned in the sagas by Snorri Sturluson as the location of the Battle of Sekken in 1162, where king Håkon the Broad-shouldered was killed fighting the aristocrat Erling Skakke, during the Norwegian civil wars. During this time, Veøya was the region's commercial and administrative hub.[5]: 349 

Veøya's influence was abruptly stopped during the Black Death, and the island was eventually deserted.[5]: 350  As Dutch demand for lumber grew in the 16th century, a minor trading port named Moldefjæra (Molde Landing) emerged on the shore of Molde farm.[5]: 127  Trading rights were granted at some point before 1604.[5]: 32 

Molde's main street and commercial centre. Molde Cathedral (orange roof on far right) with its freestanding bell tower replaced the church that was destroyed during World War II

In 1672, Molde became the administrative centre of Romsdalen Amt[5]: 32  and was incorporated as a kjøpstad through a royal charter in 1742.[3] Molde continued to grow throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, becoming a centre for the Norwegian textile and garment industry. Tourism later became a major industry, and Molde saw notables such as the German emperor Wilhelm II of Germany and the Prince of Wales as regular summer visitors. Molde consisted of luxurious hotels surrounding an idyllic township with quaint, wooden houses, lush gardens and parks, esplanades and pavilions, earning it the nickname the Town of Roses. This was interrupted when one third of the city was destroyed in a fire on 21 January 1916. However, Molde recovered and continued to grow in the economically difficult interbellum period.

During WWII, Molde was bombed by the Luftwaffe in order to deny recently landed British forces a foothold in Central Norway. [5]: 236  217 buildings, two thirds of the town, was destroyed and a further 240 were partially damaged.

Molde was in effect the capital of Norway for a week after King Haakon, Crown Prince Olav, and members of the government and parliament arrived at Molde on April 23, after a dramatic flight from Oslo. They were put up at Glomstua, then at the western outskirts of the town, and experienced the bombing raids personally. The Norwegian gold reserve was also conveyed to Molde, and was hidden in a clothing factory.

After World War II, Molde experienced tremendous growth. As the modernisation of the Norwegian society accelerated in the post-reconstruction years, Molde became a centre for not only administrative and public services, but also academic resources and industrial output. After the consolidation of the town itself and its adjacent communities in 1964, Molde became a modern city, encompassing most branches of employment, from farming and fisheries, to industrial production, banking, higher education, tourism, commerce, health care, and civil administration.



The city of Molde, chartered in 1742, was surrounded by Bolsøy parish which was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law) and gradually merged with the town of Molde on 1 July 1915, (population: 183), 1 January 1952 (population: 1,913) and finally in 1964.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the town of Molde (population: 8,289) merged with the Sekken, Veøya, and Nesjestranda parts of municipality of Veøy (population: 756), all of Bolsøy municipality (population: 7,996), and the Mordal area of Nord-Aukra municipality (population: 77) to form the present day municipality of Molde, making the municipality much larger than the town.[8]

On 1 January 2020, the neighbouring municipalities of Midsund and Nesset will be merged with Molde to form a much larger municipality called Molde.[9]


View of Molde from the Molde archipelago.

Molde proper consists of a 10-kilometre-long (6.2 mi) and 1-to-2-kilometre-wide (0.6 to 1.2 mi) strip of urban land running east–west along the north shore of the Moldefjord, an arm of the Romsdalsfjord, on the Romsdal peninsula. The city is sheltered by the island of Bolsøya and the Molde archipelago, a chain of low-lying islands and islets, to the south, and the wood-clad hills of Moldemarka to the north. The city centre is located just west of the river Moldeelva, which runs into the city from the north, originating in the Moldevatnet lake, through the valley Moldedalen. Despite the river being minor and seasonal, it supported several sawmills in the 16th- and 17th centuries. This gave rise to the original town itself through a combination of a good harbour, proximity to the sea routes, vast timber resources, and a river capable of supporting mills. In 1909, the river housed the first hydro electric power plant capable of providing sufficient electricity for the city, and the upper reaches of the river still provide drinking water for most of the city.

Its panoramic view of some 222 partly snow-clad peaks, usually referred to as the Molde panorama, is one of Molde's main attractions, and has drawn tourists to the city since the 19th century. Molde is nicknamed the Town of Roses, a name which originated during Molde's era as a tourist destination of international fame in the late 19th century.



Moldemarka, the hilly woodland area located immediately north of the town, is public land. The area has an extensive network of paths, walking trails and skiing tracks. Forest roads enter the area from several directions. Bulletin boards and maps provide information regarding local plants and wildlife, as well as signposts along the trails. Marked trails lead to a number of peaks, sites and fishing lakes and rivers. A national fishing license is required to fish in the lakes and streams.

Varden, 407 metres (1,335 ft) above sea level is a viewpoint directly above Molde, with a good view of the city, the fjord with the Molde archipelago and the Molde panorama.

Molde Panorama. The Scandic Seilet Hotel can be seen towards the west (right), beside Aker Stadion.



The town of Molde has a maritime, temperate climate, with cool-to-warm summers, and relatively mild winters. The annual precipitation is medium high, with an average of 1,640 millimetres (65 in) per year. The warmest season is late summer. Molde holds the national high for the month of October, with 25.6 °C or 78.1 °F (on 11 October 2005). The driest season is May–June.[10] Due to its geographic location, Molde experiences frequent snowfalls in winter, but this snow is usually wet as the winters tend to be mild. Due to the effects of the Gulf Stream, the city rarely experiences lasting cold spells, and the average temperature is well above the average for its latitude.

A natural phenomenon occurring in Molde and the adjacent areas, are frequent winter days with temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F), sometimes even above 15 °C (59 °F). This is due to the foehn wind from south and south-east. Combined with a steady influx of warm, moist south-westerly winds from the Atlantic Ocean, warmed by the North Atlantic Current, it gives Molde a climate much warmer than its latitude would indicate. The sheltered location of the city, facing south with hills to the north, mountains to the east and mountainous islands to the west, contributes to Molde's climate and unusually rich plant life, especially among species naturally growing on far lower latitudes, like maple, chestnut, oak, tilia (lime or linden), beech, yew, and others.

Climate data for Molde Airport, 1991-2020
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
Source: NOAA[11]
Climate data for Molde
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 1
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 147
Source: [1]



Molde University College offers a wide range of academic opportunities, from nursing and health-related studies, to economics and administrative courses. The school is Norway's leading college in logistics,[12] and well established as a centre for research and academic programmes in information technology, with degrees up to and including PhD.



The Hurtigruta ship stops at Molde every day, on its journey between the cities of Bergen and Kirkenes. The nearest railway station is Åndalsnes, the terminus for the Rauma Line.

The city's airport at Årø has several daily flights to Oslo and Bergen, as well as irregular flights to other domestic and international destinations.





The Moldejazz jazz festival is held in Molde every July. Moldejazz is one of the largest and oldest jazz festivals in Europe, and one of the most important. An estimated 40,000 tickets are sold for the more than a hundred events during the festival. Between 80,000 and 100,000 visitors visit the city during the one-week-long festival.

Byfest, the city's celebration of incorporation, is an arrangement by local artists, coinciding with the anniversary of the royal charter of 29 June 1742.



Molde hosts a variety of sports teams, most notably the football team, Molde FK, which plays in the Eliteserien, the top division in the Norwegian football league system. Their home matches are played at Aker stadion, inaugurated in 1998, which holds a record attendance of 13,308. The team are five-time league champions (2011, 2012, 2014, 2019 and 2022), five-time Norwegian Cup winners (1994, 2005, 2013, 2014 and 2021-22), and has made numerous appearances in European tournaments, including the UEFA Champions League. The club was founded in 1911, during Molde's period of great British and Continental influx, and was first named "International", since it predominantly played teams made up from crews of foreign vessels visiting the city.

In addition to a number of international players, the city has also produced several ski jumpers, cross-country skiers and alpine skiers of international merit.

Other sports include the accomplished team handball clubs (SK Træff, SK Rival), athletics teams (IL Molde-Olymp), skiing clubs, basketball and volleyball teams.

See also



  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2019). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Molde, Molde (Møre og Romsdal)". yr.no. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  3. ^ a b c Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-09-26). "Molde". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  4. ^ "Molde - Jazz, roses and panoramic views". Visit Norway. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Kvernberg, Anders (2021). Molde byleksikon. Romsdal sogelag. ISBN 9788293345176.
  6. ^ Kvernberg, Anders (2022). "'Ladeplatzen udi Molde Fiære' – et kritisk blikk på noen av Bolsøybokas mytedannelser". Årsskrift (in Norwegian). 86. Romsdal sogelag: 79–87.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 280.
  8. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  9. ^ "Nye Molde" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  10. ^ "Normaler for Molde" (in Norwegian).[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "1991-2020 normals for Molde Lufthavn" (CSV). ncei.noaa.gov. NOAA. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  12. ^ "HiMolde - Startside engelsk". Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2019-06-29.