Moldova–European Union Association Agreement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Moldova–European Union Association Agreement
Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part
{{{image_alt}}}
Map of Europe with the European Union in green and Moldova in orange.
Type European Union Association Agreement
Context framework for cooperation between the EU and a non-EU country
Signed June 27, 2014; 4 years ago (2014-06-27)
Location Brussels, Belgium
Effective July 1, 2016; 2 years ago (2016-07-01)
Condition ratification by all signatories
Signatories  European Union
European Atomic Energy Community
28 EU member states
 Moldova
Ratifiers
31 / 31
[1]
Depositary General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union
Languages All 24 official Languages of the European Union

The Moldova–European Union Association Agreement is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom, their 28 Member States and Moldova that establishes a political and economic association between the two parties. The parties committed to co-operate and converge economic policy, legislation, and regulation across a broad range of areas, including equal rights for workers, the exchange of information and staff in the area of justice, the modernisation of Moldova's energy infrastructure, and access to the European Investment Bank. The parties committed to regular summit meetings, and meetings among ministers, other officials, and experts.

The agreement commits Moldova to economic, judicial and financial reforms to converge its policies and legislation to those of the European Union.

History[edit]

The EU Association Agreement (AA) was initialed on 29 November 2013 in Brussels.[2] It was signed on 27 June 2014 and was being provisionally applied starting 1 September 2014.

On 1 July 2016, the Association Agreement (AA) between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova fully came into force, following ratification by all 31 signatories.[3]

  EU members and Moldova / States that have ratified AA

Ratification[edit]

Signatory Date Institution In favour Against AB Deposited[1] Reference
 Austria 8 July 2015 National Council Approved 28 August 2015 [4]
23 July 2015 Federal Council Approved [4]
Presidential Assent Granted
 Belgium
23 April 2015 Chamber of Representatives 102 17 18 1 February 2016 [5][6]
Royal Assent (federal law)
1 July 2015
Walloon
Parliament
(regional)
(community)
63 2 4 [7]
61 2 4 [7]
22 June 2015 German-speaking Community 16 2 1 [8]
24 June 2015 French Community 71 0 8 [9]
20 November 2015 Brussels Regional Parliament 69 3 3 [10][11]
20 November 2015
Brussels United
Assembly
[12]
(FR language)
(NL language)
53 3 1 [13][14]
14 0 2 [13][14]
17 June 2015
Flemish
Parliament
(regional)
(community)
83 18 [15]
88 19 [15]
24 June 2015 COCOF Assembly 71 0 8 [16][17]
 Bulgaria 24 July 2014 National Assembly 91 0 0 9 September 2014 [18]
28 July 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [19]
 Croatia 12 December 2014 Parliament 119 0 0 24 March 2015 [20]
18 December 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [21]
 Cyprus 7 May 2015 House of Representatives Approved 18 August 2015 [22]
22 May 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [23]
 Czech Republic 18 March 2015 Senate 53 0 10 12 June 2015 [24]
9 April 2015 Chamber of Deputies 122 0 6 [24]
19 May 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [25]
 Denmark 18 December 2014 Parliament 101 8 0 18 February 2015 [26]
 Estonia 4 November 2014 Assembly 62 0 0 12 January 2015 [27][28]
13 November 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [29]
European Union European Union and EAEC 13 November 2014 European Parliament 535 94 44 19 April 2016 (EAEC)
23 May 2016 (EU)
[30]
Council of the European Union
 Finland 10 March 2015 Parliament Approved 6 May 2015 [31]
24 April 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [32]
 France 3 March 2015 Senate Approved 3 July 2015 [33]
16 April 2015 National Assembly Approved [33]
27 April 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [33]
 Germany 8 May 2015 Bundesrat Approved 22 July 2015 [34]
26 March 2015 Federal Diet Approved [35]
27 May 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [36]
 Greece 18 November 2015 Parliament Approved 6 January 2016 [37]
24 November 2015 Presidential Promulgation Granted [38]
 Hungary 25 November 2014 National Assembly 133 0 6 7 April 2015 [39]
5 December 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [39]
Republic of Ireland Ireland 27 January 2015 Dáil Éireann 58 19 0 17 April 2015 [40]
 Italy 26 November 2015 Senate 151 35 11 3 February 2016 [41]
29 July 2015 Chamber of Deputies 314 88 36 [41]
7 December 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [42]
 Latvia 14 July 2014 Parliament 79 0 0 2 October 2014 [43]
18 July 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [44]
 Lithuania 8 July 2014 Parliament 84 0 1 29 July 2014 [45]
11 July 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [46]
 Luxembourg 18 March 2015 Chamber of Deputies 55 2 0 12 May 2015 [47]
12 April 2015 Grand Ducal Promulgation Granted [48]
 Malta 21 August 2014 House of Representatives Approved 29 August 2014 [49][50][51]
 Moldova 2 July 2014 Parliament 59 4 0 23 July 2014 [52]
8 July 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [53]
 Netherlands 7 July 2015 Senate Adopted 21 September 2015 [54]
7 April 2015 House of Representatives Adopted [55]
28 July 2015 Royal Promulgation Granted [54]
 Poland 18 December 2014 Senate 79 0 0 24 March 2015 [56]
5 December 2014 House of Representatives 420 0 0 [57][58]
29 December 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [59]
 Portugal 20 March 2015 National Assembly Approved 13 May 2015 [60]
22 April 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [61]
 Romania 2 July 2014 Chamber of Deputies 284 1 1 14 July 2014 [62]
3 July 2014 Senate 122 0 0 [63]
9 July 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [64]
 Slovakia 23 September 2014 National Council 117 0 0 21 October 2014 [65]
16 October 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [66]
 Slovenia 13 May 2015 National Assembly 70 3 0 27 July 2015 [67][68]
21 May 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [69]
 Spain 27 May 2015 Senate Approved 28 July 2015 [70]
30 April 2015 Congress of Deputies 303 0 1 [71]
Royal Assent Granted
 Sweden 26 November 2014 Parliament 249 44 0 9 January 2015 [72]
 United Kingdom 9 March 2015 House of Lords Approved 8 April 2015 [73]
23 February 2015 House of Commons Approved [74]
19 March 2015 Royal Assent Order Made [75]

The 31 parties are Moldova, the EU and Euratom and the 28 EU members.

Ratification notes[edit]

Malta

The ratification was performed in accordance with article 4(2)(b) of the Maltese European Union Act,[49] which reads that:

"Provided that with regard to treaties and international conventions which Malta may accede to as Member State of the European Union, and treaties and international conventions which Malta is bound to ratify in its own name or on behalf of the European Community by virtue of its membership within the European Union, these shall come into force one month following their being submitted in order to be discussed by the Standing Committee on Foreign and European Affairs."[50]

As the treaty was submitted to the Standing Committee on Foreign and European Affairs on 21 July 2014,[51] the treaty came into force as part of the Maltese legislation on 21 August 2014.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The ratification was based on The European Union (Definition of Treaties) (Association Agreement) (Moldova) Order 2015, made in accordance with section 1(3) of the European Communities Act 1972, after having been approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Later developments[edit]

Igor Dodon, who was elected President of Moldova in November 2016, campaigned on holding a referendum on cancelling the agreement in favour of joining the Eurasian Economic Union.[76]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 2014-07-04. 
  2. ^ European External Action Service. "European Union - EEAS (European External Action Service) | Initialling of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement". Eeas.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  3. ^ Full entry into force of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova at europa.eu
  4. ^ a b "580 d.B. (XXV. GP) - Assoziierungsabkommen zwischen der Europäischen Union und der Europäischen Atomgemeinschaft und ihren Mitgliedstaaten einerseits und der Republik Moldau andererseits". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "La Chambre des représentants de Belgique". Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  6. ^ http://www.dekamer.be/kvvcr/pdf_sections/news/0000000061/votes20150423.pdf
  7. ^ a b "COMPTE RENDU INTÉGRAL, Séance plénière*" (PDF). Parlement.wallonie.be. 1 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Ausfuhrlichter Bericht" (PDF). Parliament of the German-speaking Community. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  9. ^ http://archive.pfwb.be/100000002018075
  10. ^ "Recherche Projets et propositions". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  11. ^ http://weblex.irisnet.be/data/crb/cri/2015-16/00014/images.pdf
  12. ^ "Assemblée réunie". Common Community Commission. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  13. ^ a b "Recherche Projets et propositions". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  14. ^ a b http://weblex.irisnet.be/data/arccc/cri/2015-16/00010/images.pdf
  15. ^ a b Parlement, Vlaams. "Verslag plenaire vergadering woensdag 17 juni 2015 19.31u - Vlaams Parlement". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Décret portant assentiment à l'Accord d'association entre l'Union européenne et la Communauté européenne de l'énergie atomique et leurs Etats membres, d'une part, et la Géorgie, d'autre part, fait à Bruxelles le 27 juin 2014 — Parlement de la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles / Communauté française". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "100000002018075". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Народно събрание на Република България - Стенограми от пленарни заседания". Parliament.bg. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  19. ^ "Народно събрание на Република България - Закони". Parliament.bg. 2014-07-24. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  20. ^ "Hrvatski sabor". Sabor.hr. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  21. ^ "Zakon o potvrđivanju Sporazuma o pridruživanju između Europske unije i Europske zajednice za atomsku energiju i njihovih država članica, s jedne strane, i Republike Moldove, s druge strane". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "Parliament Of Cyprus". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  23. ^ http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/gpo/gpo.nsf/All/8ACC1E72C5FE6B58C2257E4D0036F5E4/$file/4206%2022%205%202015%20PARARTIMA%201o%20MEROS%20III.pdf
  24. ^ a b "Doh. o přidruž. mezi státy EU a ES a Moldavskou republikou". Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  25. ^ 2015, FG Forrest, a.s., www.fg.cz,. "Aktuální tiskové zprávy - Pražský hrad". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  26. ^ Folketinget, Christiansborg. "Folketinget - B 7 - 2014-15 (oversigt): Forslag til folketingsbeslutning om tiltrædelse af associeringsaftale mellem Den Europæiske Union og Det Europæiske Atomenergifællesskab og deres medlemsstater på den ene side og Republikken Moldova på den anden side". Ft.dk. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  27. ^ "Riigikogu ratifitseeris Ukraina, Gruusia ja Moldova assotsieerimislepingud EL-iga". Riigikogu. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  28. ^ "HÄÄLETUSTULEMUSED » TEISIPÄEV 04. NOVEMBER 2014 KELL 12:50". Riigikogu. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  29. ^ "Riigikogu". Riigikogu.ee. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  30. ^ "European Parliament backs EU-Moldova association deal". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  31. ^ http://www.eduskunta.fi/valtiopaivaasiat/he+355/2014
  32. ^ "Finland ratifies EU association agreements with Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia - Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland: Current affairs". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c Sénat français. "Accord Union européenne - Moldavie - Sénat". Senat.fr. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  34. ^ "Bundesrat - Suche - Entwurf eines Gesetzes zu dem Assoziierungsabkommen vom 27. Juni 2014 zwischen der Europäischen Union und der Europäischen Atomgemeinschaft und ihren Mitgliedstaaten einerseits und der Republik Moldau andererseits" (in German). Bundesrat.de. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  35. ^ "DIP21 Extrakt". Dipbt.bundestag.de. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  36. ^ "Bundesgesetzblatt" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  37. ^ "Κατατεθέντα Σχέδια/Προτάσεις Νόμων". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  38. ^ http://www.et.gr/idocs-nph/search/pdfViewerForm.html?args=5C7QrtC22wE4q6ggiv8WTXdtvSoClrL8f10yUCuSGGV5MXD0LzQTLWPU9yLzB8V68knBzLCmTXKaO6fpVZ6Lx3UnKl3nP8NxdnJ5r9cmWyJWelDvWS_18kAEhATUkJb0x1LIdQ163nV9K--td6SIuf7okUYFVzKe3BCY9wlhurzPwLSDO6AfNVDnpRxwqpuT
  39. ^ a b "Iromány adatai". Parlament.hu. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  40. ^ "Dáil Éireann - 27/Jan/2015 EU Association Agreement with Moldova: Motion". Oireachtasdebates.oireachtas.ie. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  41. ^ a b "Parlamento Italiano - Disegno di legge C. 3027 - 17ª Legislatura". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  42. ^ informatici, Segretariato generale della Presidenza della Repubblica - Servizio sistemi. "Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  43. ^ "Darba kārtība". Titania.saeima.lv. 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  44. ^ "Par Asociācijas nolīgumu starp Eiropas Savienību un Eiropas Atomenerģijas kopienu un to dalībvalstīm, no vienas puses, un Moldovas Republiku, no otras puses". Likumi.lv. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  45. ^ "Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas - Svarstymo eiga". 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  46. ^ "Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas - Dokumento tekstas". Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  47. ^ "6731 - Projet de loi portant approbation de l'accord d'association entre l'Union européenne et la communauté européenne de l'énergie atomique et leurs Etats membres, d'une part, et la Moldavie, d'autre part, signé à Bruxelles, le 27 juin 2014". Chamber of Deputies. 
  48. ^ "Mémorial A n° 69 de 2015 - Legilux" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  49. ^ a b "Maltese Ministry for Foreign Affairs memo on the Signature of Association Agreements with the Republic of Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine" (PDF). Maltese Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  50. ^ a b "Maltese European Union Act" (PDF). MJCL - Laws of Malta. Maltese Ministry for Justice, Culture and Local Government. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  51. ^ a b "Foreign and European Affairs Committee - Twelfth Legislature (2013 - ) Sitting Number: 22 - Monday, 21 July 2014". Parlament Ta' Malta. Maltese House of Representatives. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  52. ^ "(video) Acordul de Asociere RM-UE a fost ratificat de Parlamentul de la Chișinău. Cum a votat fiecare deputat". Unimedia.info. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  53. ^ http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=353828
  54. ^ a b "Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal - Goedkeuring Associatieovereenkomst tussen de Europese Unie en de Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie met de Republiek Moldavië (34.114)". Eerstekamer.nl. 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  55. ^ "Goedkeuring van de op 27 juni 2014 te Brussel tot stand gekomen Associatieovereenkomst tussen de Europese Unie en de Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie en haar lidstaten, enerzijds, en de Republiek Moldavië, anderzijds (Trb. 2014, 207) | Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal" (in Dutch). Tweedekamer.nl. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  56. ^ "Senat Rzeczyposoplitej Polskiej". senat.gov.pl. Senat Rzeczyposoplitej Polskiej. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 
  57. ^ "2858". Sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  58. ^ "Głosowanie nr 36 - posiedzenie 81". sejm.gov.pl. Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  59. ^ "Ustawy podpisane - Grudzień 2014 r". prezydent.pl. Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  60. ^ "Iniciativa". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  61. ^ https://dre.pt/application/file/67051559
  62. ^ "Votul electronic 02.07.2014". www.cdep.ro. ROMANIA Chamber of Deputies. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  63. ^ "STENOGRAMA şedinţei Senatului din 3 iulie 2014" (PDF). www.senat.ro. ROMANIA Senat. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  64. ^ "Decrete semnate de președintele României, domnul Traian Băsescu, miercuri, 9 iulie a.c." www.presidency.ro. ROMANIA President. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  65. ^ "Národná rada Slovenskej republiky - hlasovanie poslancov". 
  66. ^ "Prezident Slovenskej republiky". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  67. ^ http://www.dz-rs.si/wps/portal/Home/deloDZ/zakonodaja/izbranZakonAkt?uid=E29837EBE382385DC1257E3E0032843D&db=pre_zak&mandat=VII
  68. ^ http://www.dz-rs.si/wps/portal/Home/deloDZ/seje/glasovanje?mandat=VII&seja=13.%20Izredna&uid=C0A43D024789C89DC1257E4400570A58
  69. ^ http://www.uradni-list.si/_pdf/2015/Mp/m2015036.pdf#!/m2015036-pdf
  70. ^ "Iniciativas parlamentarias - Senado de España". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  71. ^ http://www.congreso.es/portal/page/portal/Congreso/Congreso/Iniciativas?_piref73_2148295_73_1335437_1335437.next_page=/wc/servidorCGI&CMD=VERLST&BASE=IW10&FMT=INITXDSS.fmt&DOCS=1-1&DOCORDER=FIFO&OPDEF=ADJ&QUERY=%28110%2F000161*.NDOC.%29
  72. ^ Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Ärende". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  73. ^ Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords,. "Lords Hansard text for 09 Mar 2015 (pt 0001)". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  74. ^ Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons,. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 Feb 2015 (pt 0004)". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  75. ^ "The European Union (Definition of Treaties) (Association Agreement) (Moldova) Order 2015". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  76. ^ "Pro-Russia presidential candidates win in Bulgaria and Moldova". Financial Times. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2016-12-15. 

External links[edit]