Moldova Nouă

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Moldova Nouă
Town
Moldova Nouă as seen from Serbia, across the Danube
Moldova Nouă as seen from Serbia, across the Danube
Coat of arms of Moldova Nouă
Coat of arms
Location of Moldova Nouă
Location of Moldova Nouă
Coordinates: 44°43′4″N 21°39′50″E / 44.71778°N 21.66389°E / 44.71778; 21.66389Coordinates: 44°43′4″N 21°39′50″E / 44.71778°N 21.66389°E / 44.71778; 21.66389
Country  Romania
County Caraș-Severin County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Adrian Torma (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 145.84 km2 (56.31 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 12,350
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb
Website moldovanoua.com
Moldova Nouă (Neu-Moldova) and Moldova Veche (Moldova) on the Josephinian Land Survey, ca. 1770

Moldova Nouă (Romanian pronunciation: [molˌdova ˈnowə]; Hungarian: Újmoldova; German: Neumoldowa; Czech: Nová Moldava or Bošňák; Serbian: Нова Молдава) is a town in southwestern Romania in Caraș-Severin County (the historical region of Banat), in an area known as Clisura Dunării. It is located on the shores of the river Danube.The town administers three villages: Măcești, Moldova Veche and Moldovița.

At the 2011 census, 81.2% of inhabitants were Romanians, 12.8% Serbs, 3.2% Roma, 1.3% Hungarians and 0.8% Czechs. At the 2002 census, 88.4% were Romanian Orthodox, 4.5% Baptist, 4% Roman Catholic and 2% Pentecostal.

In Romanian In Hungarian In Serbian
Moldova Nouă Újmoldova Нова Молдава
Măcești Macsevics Мачевић
Moldova Veche Ómoldova Стара Молдава
Moldovița Kiskárolyfalva Молдавица
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 3,582 —    
1966 6,192 +72.9%
1977 15,973 +158.0%
1992 16,874 +5.6%
2002 15,112 −10.4%
2011 12,350 −18.3%
Source: Census data

Moldova Veche[edit]

In Moldova Veche village, evidence of human habitation dating to the transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age has been found. Additionally, there exist traces of an unfortified Dacian settlement, similar to several others in the area. In Roman Dacia, a castrum located in the village supervised mining and navigation on the Danube. Vestiges from the Dark Ages and the Early Middle Ages have been found; during the 10th and 11th centuries, the area was controlled by Glad and later Ahtum.[2]

In 1552, when the Banat fell under Ottoman rule, Moldova Veche became the capital of a sanjak within the Temeşvar Eyalet.[2] In 1566, at the end of Suleiman the Magnificent's reign, coins of gold (altâni) and silver (aspri) were minted there.[3] A document of 1588 records the place under the name Mudava; this is the earliest written mention. The Dacian-origin toponym is still used by locals. In 1718, the area came under the Habsburg Monarchy's control.[2]

The village was absorbed into Moldova Nouă in 1956. It is the site of a Danube port.[4]

Natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian) Populația stabilă după etnie - județe, municipii, orașe, comune, National Institute of Statistics; accessed July 25, 2013
  2. ^ a b c (Romanian) Short history at the Moldova Nouă Town Hall site
  3. ^ Octavian Iliescu, The History of Coins in Romania (ca. 1500 BC - 2000 AD), p. 48. Bucharest: Editura Enciclopedică, 2002
  4. ^ Hinnerk Dreppenstedt, Flusskreuzfahrten Donau, p. 304. Berlin: Trescher Verlag 2017. ISBN 978-389794-373-5