|leu moldovenesc (Romanian)|
1 Leu note obverse and reverse
|ISO 4217 code||MDL|
|Central bank||National Bank of Moldova|
|User(s)||Moldova (except Transnistria)|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2010 est.|
|Coins||1, 5, 10, 25, 50 bani, 1 leu, 5 lei.|
|Banknotes||1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 lei|
The leu (ISO 4217 code MDL) is the currency of Moldova. Like the Romanian leu, the Moldovan leu (pl. lei) is subdivided into 100 bani (singular: ban). The name of the currency originates in Romania and means "lion".
Between 1918 and 1940 and again between 1941 and 1944, when Moldova was part of Romania, the Romanian leu was used in what was then the eastern part of the broader Romanian region of Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian). The Moldovan leu was established on 29 November 1993, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the creation of the independent republic of Moldova. It replaced the temporary cupon currency at a rate of 1 leu = 1000 cupon.
The aluminium 50 bani,nickel-plated-steel 1 and 5 leu coins were later withdrawn from circulation. Starting January 1998 the aluminium 50 bani was replaced by one constructed of brass-clad steel. No new 1- and 5 leu coins have been issued. 1-Ban coins were last minted in 2006. They remain legal tender, but are rarely seen in circulation, effectively leading to "Swedish rounding".
Since 1996 several commemorative coins for collectors have been issued. A complete listing can be found here.
|Coins of the leu (1993–present)|
|Image||Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|1 ban||14,5 mm||0,67g||aluminium||plain||Denomination, year||Coat of arms of Moldova, country name||1993~2006||November 1993||Current*|
|5 bani||16 mm||0,75 g||1993~present||Current|
|10 bani||16,6 mm||0,85 g|
|25 bani||17,5 mm||0,95 g|
|50 bani||19 mm||1,07 g||1993||?||?|
|50 bani||19 mm||3,1 g||Brass clad steel||reeded||Denomination, year||Coat of arms of Moldova, country name||1997~present||January 1998||current|
|1 leu||19,5 mm||3,32 g||Nickel clad steel||plain||Denomination, year||Coat of arms of Moldova, country name||1992||November 1993||?||?|
|5 lei||21,5 mm||3,6 g||plain||1993|
|These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.
There have been two series of Moldovan leu banknotes. The first series was short-lived and only included 1, 5, and 10 lei. The front of all of these notes—and all subsequent notes—feature a portrait of Ștefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great, also known as Stephen III of Moldavia), the prince of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504. The first two lines of the Miorița (The Little Ewe) ballad appear on the back, printed vertically between the denomination numeral and the vignette of the fortress. The Miorița is an old Romanian pastoral ballad considered one of the most important pieces of Romanian folklore. The lines “Pe-un picior de plai, Pe-o gură de rai” translate as “Near a low foothill, at Heaven’s doorsill.”
|Image||Value||Dimensions||Main Colour||Description||Date of|
|1 leu||114 × 58 mm||Yellow||Stephen III||Căpriana monastery||As portrait||1994||May 1994|
|5 lei||Cyan||St. Dumitru Church, Orhei||April 1994|
|10 lei||121 × 61 mm||Red||Hârjauca monastery||May 1994|
|20 lei||Green||Soroca Fort||1992||November 1993|
|50 lei||Pink||Hârbovăț monastery||May 1994|
|100 lei||Orange||Tighina Fort||September 1995|
|200 lei||133 × 66 mm||Purple||Chișinău City Hall|
|500 lei||Orange and green||Chișinău Cathedral||December 1999|
|1000 lei||Blue||Presidential Palace||October 2003|
|For table standards, see the banknote specification table.|
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- On the front side of each banknote only one man is represented - the best-known ruler of Moldavia - Ștefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great).
- The first two lines of the Miorița ballad are written in the white circle on the front side of each banknote.
- On the back side of all the banknotes there are depicted Trajan's Column and The Endless Column.
|Current MDL exchange rates|
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- "Coins , National Bank of Moldova". bnm.md. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Moldova Coins". numista.com. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "FAQ , National Bank of Moldova". bnm.md. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Commemorative Coins , National Bank of Moldova". bnm.md. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "National Bank of Moldova". bnm.md. Retrieved 16 January 2014.