Molen Hoogland, Goutum

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Molen Hoogland, Goutum
Molen Hoogland.jpg
Molen Hoogland, April 2009
Origin
Mill name Molen Hoogland
Mill location Boksumerdyk nabij nr. 11, 9084 AA Goutum
Coordinates 53°10′32″N 5°46′49″E / 53.1756°N 5.7803°E / 53.1756; 5.7803Coordinates: 53°10′32″N 5°46′49″E / 53.1756°N 5.7803°E / 53.1756; 5.7803
Operator(s) Stichting De Fryske Mole
Year built 2003
Information
Purpose Drainage mill
Type Hollow Post Mill
Roundhouse storeys Single storey roundhouse
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Wood
Winding Tailpole and winch
Type of pump Archimedes' screw

Molen Hoogland is a Hollow Post mill in Goutum, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 2004. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument, number 24521.[1]

History[edit]

The mill was originally built in the 18th century at Wirdum to drain the Wirdumer Nieuwland polder, forming a pair with the Kramersmolen.[2] The mill was restored in 1971. The mill was restored in 1968-69. On 23 October 1986, the mill was sold to Stichting De Fryske Mole (English: Frisian Mills Foundation). In 1995, it was moved to Zwette, along with Kramersmolen.[3] On 21 April 1999, the mill was burnt down. The cause was probably arson.[4] A new site was sought at Goutum.[5] The restored mill was officially opened in 2003.[4]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various items of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Molen Hoogland is what the Dutch describe as an spinnenkop. It is a hollow post mill on a single storey square roundhouse. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The roundhouse and mill body are covered in vertical boards, while the roof of the mill is boarded horizontally. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 9.24 metres (30 ft 4 in). The sails are carried on a wooden windshaft. The windshaft also carries the brake wheel which has 33 cogs. This drives the wallower (19 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft, the crown wheel, which has 28 cogs drives a gearwheel with 27 cogs on the axle of the Archimedes' screw. The axle of the Archimedes' screw is 200 millimetres (8 in) diameter. The screw is 740 millimetres (2 ft 5 in) diameter and 3.51 metres (11 ft 6 in) long. It is inclined at 25°. Each revolution of the screw lifts 92 litres (20 imp gal) of water.[3]

Public access[edit]

Kramersmolen is open by appointment.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 21 February 2010.  (Click on "Technische gegevens" to view.)
  2. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 21 February 2010.  (Click on "Geschiedenis" to view.)
  3. ^ a b Stichting De Fryske Mole (1995). Friese Molens (in Dutch). Leeuwarden: Friese Pers Boekerij bv. pp. 185–86, 259. ISBN 90-330-1522-6. 
  4. ^ a b "Goutum, Friesland" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 21 February 2010.  (Click on "Geschiedenis" to view.)
  6. ^ "Informatie" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 21 February 2010.  (Click on "Informatie" to view.)