Molinia

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moor grass
Illustration Molinia caerulea0.jpg
Molinia caerulea (right)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Molinia
Schrank
(syn of M. caerulea)
Type species
Molinia varia
Schrank[2]
Synonyms[3]
  • Monilia A.Gray
  • Enodium Pers. ex Gaudin
  • Moliniopsis Hayata
  • Graphephorum Honda 1934, illegitimate homonym not Desv. 1810

Molinia (moor grass) is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the grass family, native to damp moorland in Eurasia and northern Africa.[4] They are both herbaceous perennial grasses.[5][6][7]

The genus is named after Juan Ignacio Molina, a 19th-century Chilean naturalist.

Species[3][8]
  1. Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench - (purple moor grass) - Eurasia + northern Africa from Ireland + Morocco to Ethiopia + Kazakhstan; naturalized in parts of United States + Canada
  2. Molinia japonica Hack. (Japanese moor grass) - Japan, Korea, Anhui, Zhejiang, Sakhalin, Kuril
formerly included[3]

see Arctophila Catabrosa Cleistogenes Diarrhena Disakisperma Festuca Glyceria Poa Puccinellia

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1885 illustration by Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, U.S. Dept. Agric. Bull. 772: 50 (1920)
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Schrank, Franz von Paula von 1789. Baiersche Flora 1: 100, 334
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 447 麦氏草属 mai shi cao shu Molinia Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 100, 334. 1789
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Molinia
  8. ^ The Plant List search for Molinia