The term "Molinology" was coined in 1965 by the Portuguese industrial historian João Miguel dos Santos Simões. Mills make use of moving water or wind, or the strength of animal or human muscle to power machines for purposes such as hammering, grinding, pumping, sawing, pressing or fulling.
Cultural and scientific interest in molinology is maintained by The International Molinological Society (TIMS), a non-profit organisation which brings together around five hundred members worldwide. It was founded in 1973 after earlier international symposia in 1965 and 1969. The Society aims to retain the knowledge of those traditional engines which have been rendered obsolete by modern technical and economic trends.
- Watts, M (2002). The Archaeology of Mills and Milling. Tempus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7524-1966-8.
- Ogden, D; G.Bost (2010). The Quest for American Milling Secrets (BM20 ed.). Congleton, England: TIMS Publication. ISBN 978-92-9134-025-5. LCCN 2011401534.
- Official website of The International Molinological Society
- The Society for the Preservation of Old Mills (SPOOM)
- The Mills Archive
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