Molly Geertsema

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Molly Geertsema
Molly Geertsema 1985 (1).jpg
Molly Geertsema in 1985
Member of the Senate
In office
13 September 1983 – 23 June 1987
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Queen's Commissioner of Gelderland
In office
1 December 1973 – 1 November 1983
MonarchJuliana (1973–1980)
Beatrix (1980–1983)
Preceded byHugo Bloemers
Succeeded byMatty de Bruijne
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
In office
1 January 1973 – 11 May 1973
Prime MinisterBarend Biesheuvel
Preceded byPierre Lardinois
Succeeded byGaius de Gaay Fortman
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
6 July 1971 – 11 May 1973
Serving with Roelof Nelissen
Prime MinisterBarend Biesheuvel
Preceded byJohan Witteveen
Joop Bakker
Succeeded byDries van Agt
Minister of the Interior
In office
6 July 1971 – 11 May 1973
Prime MinisterBarend Biesheuvel
Preceded byHenk Beernink
Succeeded byGaius de Gaay Fortman
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy
In office
1 October 1969 – 1 July 1971
DeputyRoelof Zegering Hadders
Preceded byEdzo Toxopeus
Succeeded byHans Wiegel
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
1 October 1969 – 6 July 1971
Preceded byEdzo Toxopeus
Succeeded byHans Wiegel
In office
24 July 1963 – 12 March 1966
Preceded byEdzo Toxopeus
Succeeded byEdzo Toxopeus
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Mayor of Wassenaar
In office
1 February 1961 – 10 April 1971
Preceded bySweder van Wijnbergen
Succeeded byKarel Staab
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
28 May 1973 – 9 November 1973
In office
7 February 1973 – 5 May 1973
In office
20 March 1959 – 6 July 1971
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Mayor of Warffum
In office
1 January 1953 – 1 January 1957
Preceded byTekke Nabring
Succeeded bySimon de Waard
Personal details
Born
Willem Jacob Geertsema II

(1918-10-18)18 October 1918
Utrecht, Netherlands
Died27 June 1991(1991-06-27) (aged 72)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(from 1948)
Other political
affiliations
Freedom Party (1947–1948)
Spouse(s)
Adolfine Schoonenberg
(m. 1947; his death 1991)
RelationsJohan Herman Geertsema
(great-grand father)
Willem Jacob Geertsema I
(grand father)
ChildrenJohan Herman Geertsema (1949–2000)
Hero Omko Geertsema (1952–1952)
Omko Oesebrand Geertsema (1953–2012)
Alexander Cornelis Geertsema
(born 1955)
Alma materLeiden University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Legal educator · Author · Lobbyist · Activist

Willem Jacob "Molly" Geertsema II (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʋɪləm ˈjaːkɔp ˈmɔli ˈɣeːrtsəmaː]; 18 October 1918 – 27 June 1991) was a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and jurist.[1]

Geertsema attended a Gymnasium in The Hague from June 1930 until June 1937 and applied at the Leiden University in June 1937 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in June 1939. On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. During the German occupation Geertsema continued his study but in November 1940 the German occupation authority closed the Leiden University. Geertsema worked as a civil servant for the municipality of Oegstgeest from December 1940 until December 1944. Following the end of World War II Geertsema returned to the Leiden University graduating with an Master of Laws degree on July 1947. Geertsema worked as legal educator in Leiden from August 1947 until December 1952. Geertsema served on the Municipal Council of Leiden from April 1950 until January 1953. In December 1952 Geertsema was nominated as Mayor of Warffum, taking office on 1 January 1953. In December 1956 Geertsema was appointment as Director-General of the department for Public Sector Organisations of the Ministry of the Interior, he resigned as Mayor the same day he was installed as Director-General on 1 January 1957.

Geertsema was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1959, taking office on 20 March 1959 serving as a frontbencher chairing the parliamentary committee for the Interior and the special parliamentary committee for Water Management in War Time and spokesperson for the Interior, Justice, Social Work, Provincial Government Affairs, Media, Kingdom Relations and deputy spokesperson for Civil Service and Local Government Affairs. In January 1961 Geertsema was nominated as Mayor of Wassenaar and dual served in those positions, taking office on 1 February 1961. After the election of 1963 the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives Edzo Toxopeus opted to remain Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet Marijnen, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leadership approached Geertsema as his successor as Parliamentary leader, Geertsema accepted and became the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, taking office on 24 July 1963. The Cabinet Marijnen fell on 27 February 1965 after a disagreement in the coalition about reforms to the public broadcasting system and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1965 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Cals on 14 April 1965. Toxopeus subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 21 September 1965 but approached Geertsema to continue as Parliamentary leader. Toxopeus returned as Parliamentary leader on 12 March 1966 and Geertsema continued to serve in the House of Representatives as frontbencher again chairing the parliamentary committee for the Interior and spokesperson for the Interior, Justice, Provincial Government Affairs, Media, Kingdom Relations and deputy spokesperson for Social Work and Local Government Affairs. In September 1969 Toxopeus unexpectedly announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader and endorsed Geertsema as his successor, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leadership subsequently approached Geertsema as his successor, Geertsema accepted and became the Leader and Parliamentary leader, taking office on 1 October 1969.

Prince Bernhard, Queen's Commissioner Molly Geertsema and Mayor of Wageningen Jan van Ketwich Verschuur during a World War II memorial in Wageningen on 5 May 1980.

For the election of 1971 Geertsema served as Lijsttrekker (top candidate). The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy suffered a small loss, losing 1 seat and now had 16 seats in the House of Representatives. In June 1971 Geertsema unexpectedly announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader. The following cabinet formation of 1971 resulted in a coalition agreement between the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, the Catholic People's Party, the Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP), the Christian Historical Union (CHU) and the Democratic Socialists '70 (DS'70) which formed the Cabinet Biesheuvel I with Geertsema appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, taking office on 6 July 1971. The Cabinet Biesheuvel I fell just one year later on 19 July 1972 after the Democratic Socialists '70 retracted their support following there dissatisfaction with the proposed budget memorandum to further reduce the deficit and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the first cabinet formation of 1972 when it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Biesheuvel II with Geertsema continuing as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, taking office on 9 August 1972. Geertsema was appointed as Minister for Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs following the appointment of Pierre Lardinois as the next European Commissioner, taking office on 1 January 1973. After the election of 1981 Geertsema returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 7 February 1973 but he was still serving in the cabinet and because of dualism customs in the constitutional convention of Dutch politics he couldn't serve a dual mandate he subsequently resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 5 May 1973. The Cabinet Biesheuvel II was replaced by the Cabinet Den Uyl following the second cabinet formation of 1972 on 11 May 1973. Geertsema subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 28 May 1973 serving again as a frontbencher and spokesperson for the Interior, Local Government Affairs, Provincial Government Affairs and Kingdom Relations.

In November 1973 Geertsema was nominated as the next Queen's Commissioner of Gelderland, he resigned as Member of the House of Representatives on 9 November 1973 and was installed as Queen's Commissioner, serving from 1 December 1973 until 1 November 1983. Geertsema also became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Heineken N.V., DSM Company, Rotterdam Dry Dock Company, NIBC Bank, Atlantic Association, SHV Holdings and Campina) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Public Pension Funds PFZW, Custodial Institutions Agency, Advisory Council for Spatial Planning, Council for Culture and KPN) and as an advocate, lobbyist and activist for LGBT rights and Social justice.

Geertsema was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1983, taking office on 13 September 1983 serving as a frontbencher chairing the parliamentary committee for the Interior and the parliamentary committee for Kingdom Relations and spokesperson for the Interior, Local Government Affairs, Provincial Government Affairs, Civil Service and Kingdom Relations. In January 1987 Geertsema announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't stand for the Senate election of 1987 and continued to serve until the end of the parliamentary term on 23 June 1987. Geertsema retired after spending 28 years in national politics but remained active in the private sector and public sector and continued to occupy numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards. Geertsema was also a prolific author, having written more than a dozen books and articles since 1972 about Politics and LGBT rights.

Geertsema was known for his abilities as a manager and policy wonk. Geertsema continued to comment on political affairs until his death at the age of 72.

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
BEL Order of Leopold II - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 16 August 1972
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 8 June 1973 Elevated from Knight (10 December 1970)
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the Legion of Honour France 1 October 1973
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 10 November 1983 Elevated from Officer (10 June 1978)
Awards
Ribbon bar Awards Organization Date Comment
Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (nl) Logo.svg Honorary Member People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
14 March 1975

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geertsema, Willem Jacob (1918-1991)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2019.

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edzo Toxopeus
Parliamentary leader of the
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

in the House of Representatives

1963–1966
1969–1971
Succeeded by
Edzo Toxopeus
Succeeded by
Hans Wiegel
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

1969–1971
Preceded by
Edzo Toxopeus
1967
Lijsttrekker of the People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

1971
Succeeded by
Hans Wiegel
1972
Political offices
Preceded by
Tekke Nabring
Mayor of Warffum
1953–1957
Succeeded by
Simon de Waard
Preceded by
Sweder van Wijnbergen
Mayor of Wassenaar
1961–1971
Succeeded by
Karel Staab
Preceded by
Johan Witteveen
Deputy Prime Minister
1971–1973
Served alongside: Roelof Nelissen
Succeeded by
Dries van Agt
Preceded by
Joop Bakker
Preceded by
Henk Beernink
Minister of the Interior
1971–1973
Succeeded by
Gaius de Gaay Fortman
Preceded by
Pierre Lardinois
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs

1973
Preceded by
Hugo Bloemers
Queen's Commissioner of
Gelderland

1973–1983
Succeeded by
Matty de Bruijne
Civic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Director-General of the
Department for Public
Sector Organisations of the
Ministry of the Interior

1957–1959
Succeeded by
Unknown