February 28, 1898
New York City, New York, USA
|Died||April 5, 1992
|Cause of death||Alzheimer's disease|
|Resting place||Mount Hebron Cemetery in New York City|
|Spouse(s)||Jacob Kalich (1919-1975; his death)|
She was first and foremost a star in Yiddish theatre and film, but in time, she turned to English-language productions.
Picon was born as Małka Opiekun in New York City, the daughter of Polish Jewish emigrants: Clara (née Ostrow), a wardrobe mistress, and Louis Opiekun, a shirtmaker. Opiekun is a Polish language name meaning "guardian" or "caretaker". Her surname was later changed to Picon. Her career began at the age of six years in the Yiddish Theatre. In 1912, she debuted at the Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia and became a star of the Yiddish Theater District, performing in plays in the District for seven years.
Picon was so popular in the 1920s that many shows had her adopted name, Molly, in their title. In 1931, she opened the Molly Picon Theatre.
She appeared in many films, starting with silent movies. Her earliest films were made in Europe; among the first was the Yiddish film East and West, made in Vienna in 1923, which is the earliest of her films that survives. The film depicts a clash of New and Old World Jewish cultures. She plays a U.S.-born daughter who travels with her father back to Galicia in East Central Europe. Her husband Jacob Kalich played one of her close relatives.
Picon's most famous film, Yidl Mitn Fidl (1936), was made on location in Poland and shows her wearing male clothing through most of the film. In the film, a girl and her father are forced by poverty to set out on the road as traveling musicians. For her safety, she disguises herself as a boy, which becomes inconvenient when she falls in love with one of the other musicians in the troupe. Later Mamele was made in Poland.
In 1934, Picon had a musical comedy radio show, the Molly Picon Program, on WMCA in New York City. In 1938, Picon starred in I Give You My Life on the same station. That program "combined music and dramatic episodes that purported to be the story of her life." Two years later, she starred in Molly Picon's Parade, a variety show (also on W.M.C.A.).
Picon made her English language debut on stage in 1940. On Broadway, she starred in the Jerry Herman musical Milk and Honey in 1961. In 1966 she quit the disastrous Chu Chem during previews in Philadelphia; the show closed before reaching Broadway.
She had a bit part in the 1948 film The Naked City as the woman running a news-stand and soda fountain towards the climax of the film. Her first major Anglophonic role in the movies was in the film version of Come Blow Your Horn (1963), with Frank Sinatra. She portrayed Yente the Matchmaker in the 1971 film adaptation of the Broadway hit Fiddler on the Roof.
On an ironic note, in 1959 she was featured on an episode of the NBC-TV series Startime. It was an adaptation of Samson Raphaelson's play The Jazz Singer starring Jerry Lewis, in which she played Lewis's mother, Sarah Rabinowitz. In one scene, Lewis says the line, referring to Picon as his mother, "She's still in our presence, ladies and gentlemen, the Matchmaker".
In the comedy For Pete's Sake (1974), she played a madam ("Mrs. Cherry") who arranges a disastrous stint for Barbra Streisand on a job as a call girl. She later played a role on television on the soap opera Somerset and appeared in a couple of episodes of The Facts of Life as Natalie's grandmother. Her final roles were cameo appearances in the comedies Cannonball Run & Cannonball Run II as Roger Moore's mother.
Picon wrote a biography about her family called So Laugh a Little in 1962. Later, in 1980, she published an autobiography, Molly.
- An entire room was filled with her memorabilia at the Second Avenue Deli in New York (now closed at that location).
- The New Century Theatre, a former legitimate Broadway theatre located at 932 Seventh Avenue at West 58th Street in midtown Manhattan (since closed and demolished), was at one point known as the Molly Picon Theatre.
- She was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981.
- Picon Pie, a biographical play, ran off-Broadway from 2004 to 2005.
- In 2007, she was featured in the film Making Trouble, a tribute to female Jewish comedians, produced by the Jewish Women’s Archive.
- Costumes she wore in various theater productions are displayed at the National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia.
Picon died on April 6, 1992, aged 94, from Alzheimer's disease in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Yankel Kalich, her husband from 1919 until his death in 1975, died from cancer. They had no children. She and her husband are interred in the Yiddish Theater section of the Mount Hebron Cemetery in New York City. Also buried there is Ida Kaminska, who like Picon, operated her own Yiddish theatre.
- Look After Your Daughters (1922)
- East and West (1923)
- Let's Make a Night of It (1937)
- Yiddle with His Fiddle (1936)
- Mamele (1938) 
- The Jazz Singer (1959), a TV production starring Jerry Lewis
- Car 54, Where Are You? (TV show) 3 episodes (1961-1963) as Mrs. Rachel Bronson
- Come Blow Your Horn (1963)
- Fiddler on the Roof (1971)
- For Pete's Sake (1974)
- Jewish Theatre.com
- Tucson Daily Citizen (Tucson, Arizona), August 29, 1952, p. 16
- "Molly Picon Biography ((?)-1992)". www.filmreference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- Pennsylvania Biographical Dictionary. North American Book Dist LLC. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Milton Plesur (1982). Jewish life in twentieth-century America: challenge and accommodation. Nelson-Hall. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Shandler, Jeffrey (2014). Shtetl: A Vernacular Intellectual History. Rutgers, NJ: Rutgers University Press. p. 41.
- "This Week in History: Award for Yiddish actress, Molly Picon, June 28, 1980". Jewish Women's Archive. jwa.org. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Mamele (1938)". Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- Sies, Luther F. (2014). Encyclopedia of American Radio, 1920-1960, 2nd Edition, Volume 1. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-5149-4. Pp. 523, 337, 455.
- The Jazz Singer (1959) on YouTube
- For Pete's Sake on IMDb
- "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame." The New York Times, March 3, 1981.
- Deming, Mark. "Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women". New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "Molly Picon (1898 - 1992) - Find A Grave Photos". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "East and West" [film catalog entry]. National Center for Jewish Film. jewishfilm.org. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Mamele on IMDb
- Eth Clifford. Molly Picon - so laugh a little, Messner, 1962 (see ).
- Lila Perl, Donna Ruff. Molly Picon: a gift of laughter, Jewish Publication Society, 1990, ISBN 0-8276-0336-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Molly Picon.|
- Molly Picon on IMDb
- Molly Picon at the TCM Movie Database
- Molly Picon at the Internet Broadway Database
- Guide to the Papers of Molly Picon (1898-1992) at the American Jewish Historical Society, New York.
- Pages from a Performing Life: The Scrapbooks of Molly Picon at American Jewish Historical Society
- Women of Valor exhibit on Molly Picon at the Jewish Women's Archive
- Molly Picon at Find a Grave