Molodyozhnaya Station (Antarctica)

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Molodyozhnaya Station

Молодёжная
Molodyozhnaya Station
Molodyozhnaya Station
Location of Molodyozhnaya Station in Antarctica
Location of Molodyozhnaya Station in Antarctica
Molodyozhnaya Station
Location of Molodyozhnaya Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 67°39′55″S 45°50′18″E / 67.665348°S 45.838400°E / -67.665348; 45.838400Coordinates: 67°39′55″S 45°50′18″E / 67.665348°S 45.838400°E / -67.665348; 45.838400
Country Soviet Union
 Russia
Location in AntarcticaThala Hills
East Antarctica
Administered byArctic and Antarctic Research Institute
EstablishedFebruary 1962 (1962-02)
reopened 2006 (2006)
Closed26 December 1990 (1990-12-26)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 • Total
  • Up to 15
TypeAll-year round
PeriodAnnual
StatusClosed and reopened as seasonally
Websitewww.aari.nw.ru

Molodyozhnaya (Russian: Молодёжная, "Youth") (also known as "Molodezhnaya") was a Soviet, then Russian research station in East Antarctica at 67°40′S 45°50′E. After being mothballed in 1990, it was reopened in 2006 to operate on a seasonal basis.[1][2] In Russian, the station is sometimes referred to as the capital of Antarctica.[unreliable source?][3][4]

Location[edit]

Molodyozhnaya Station is located in the Thala Hills, 500–600 meters inland from the coast on the southern shore of Alasheyev Bight in the Cosmonaut Sea, at 42 meters above sea level. The area around the station is composed mostly of rocky ridges separated by snow-covered depressions and lakes. The sea near the station is covered in pack ice for much of the year, out to a distance of as much as 100 km at the end of winter. The rise to the summit of the massive East Antarctic Ice Sheet (Dome A) begins 1.5-2.0 km from the shore. Kheis Glacier is located in 15 km east of the station, and Campbell Glacier is roughly the same distance to the southwest.[5]

History[edit]

The site was opened in February 1962, and used as a launch site for suborbital meteorological sounding rockets. From 25 May 1969 and 26 December 1990, 1104 M-100 model research sounding rockets were launched from Molodyozhnaya Station.[6] On 28 February 1979, the MMR06 model was launched from Molodyozhnaya. This was the only instance of this model rocket being launched from Molodyozhnaya Station.[7]

Funding for meteorological research became scarce during the late 1980s, as the Soviet Union was collapsing. Launches of the M-100 abruptly ended in 1990, and the station was mothballed. In the 1990s, several scientific and environmental studies were undertaken in the area to fulfill the requirements of the Protocol for the Defence of Nature in the Antarctic Treaty System, but the station wasn't reopened.

In February 2006, Valeriy Lukin, the head of the Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE), said:

There are plans to open the mothballed stations Molodyozhnaya, Leningradskaya and Russkaya in the 2007-2008 season. This will bring great benefits because these stations are located in the Pacific section of Antarctica, which is poorly covered by scientific studies.

Since 2006, it has operated on a seasonal basis.[1][2] When open during the Antarctic summer there is occasional amateur radio operation by station personnel.

Climate[edit]

The average temperature varies from −19 °C in the coldest months (July–August), to around 0 °C in January.

Climate data for Molodyozhnaya Station (1963–1999)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
−8.7
(16.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−13.1
(8.4)
−14.2
(6.4)
−15.2
(4.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−7.7
(18.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
−14.6
(5.7)
−16.2
(2.8)
−17.5
(0.5)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−17.8
(0.0)
−13.6
(7.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
Average low °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
−11.2
(11.8)
−14.5
(5.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−17.2
(1.0)
−10.4
(13.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
−14.1
(6.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.2
(0.28)
18.5
(0.73)
51.9
(2.04)
71.0
(2.80)
66.6
(2.62)
52.2
(2.06)
60.2
(2.37)
58.4
(2.30)
48.0
(1.89)
38.6
(1.52)
24.8
(0.98)
8.2
(0.32)
505.6
(19.91)
Average relative humidity (%) 63.7 63.4 68.8 69.7 68.4 66.4 68.3 70.4 69.5 68.2 65.2 64.3 67.2
Source: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute[8]

See also[edit]

Molodyozhnaya
Summary
Airport typePrivate
ServesMolodyozhnaya Station
LocationThala Hills
Time zone(+3)
Elevation AMSL753 ft / 230 m
Coordinates67°40′58″S 46°08′05″E / 67.682833°S 46.134667°E / -67.682833; 46.134667
Map
Molodyozhnaya is located in Antarctica
Molodyozhnaya
Molodyozhnaya
Location of airfield in Antarctica
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8,395 2,559 Ice

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Беларусь в Антарктике. Зачем стране собственная полярная станция и какой она будет? | 42.TUT.BY
  2. ^ a b Вести.Ru: Вести с Молодежной: в Антарктиде внутри камней найдена жизнь
  3. ^ Capital of Antarctica
  4. ^ What is the name the capital of Antarctica?
  5. ^ Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI): Molodezhnaya station
  6. ^ Encyclopedia Astronautica: Molodezhnaya
  7. ^ Encyclopedia Astronautica: MMR-06 Archived 2014-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Molodyozhnaya Station (89542)". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "Molodyozhnaya". Airport Nav Finder. Retrieved October 16, 2018.

External links[edit]