Molokovsky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Molokovsky District
Молоковский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Molokovo.png
Location of Molokovsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 58°10′N 36°46′E / 58.167°N 36.767°E / 58.167; 36.767Coordinates: 58°10′N 36°46′E / 58.167°N 36.767°E / 58.167; 36.767
Coat of Arms of Molokovsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag of Molokovsky rayon (Tver oblast).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center urban-type settlement of Molokovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 5
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Urban-type settlements[2] 1
Rural localities 183
Municipal structure (as of July 2006)
Municipally incorporated as Molokovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area 1,182.6 km2 (456.6 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 5,235 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 44.5%
• Rural 55.5%
Density 4.43/km2 (11.5/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Official website
Molokovsky District on WikiCommons

Molokovsky District (Russian: Молоко́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Sandovsky District in the north, Vesyegonsky District in the northeast, Krasnokholmsky District in the east, Bezhetsky District in the south, and with Maksatikhinsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,182.6 square kilometers (456.6 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Molokovo.[1] Population: 5,235 (2010 Census);[6] 7,015 (2002 Census);[9] 8,931 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Molokovo accounts for 44.5% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Mologa River, a major tributary of the Volga. The major rivers within the district are the Melecha and the Mogocha, which cross it from northeast to southwest. Outside the district, they join to form the Osen, a major right tributary of the Mologa. Minor areas in the northwest of the district belong to the drainage basin of the Ratynya, another right tributary of the Mologa. Much of the area of the district is covered by forests.[5]

History[edit]

The area of the district was originally populated by Finnic peoples. In the 12th century, the area was in the periphery of the Novgorod Republic, which in the 15th century was annexed by Moscow as well. Molokovo was first mentioned in written documents in 1568. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), but in 1727 it was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. The area was a part of Bezhetsky Uyezd of Tver Viceroyalty, from 1796 of Tver Governorate.[11]

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Molokovsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Molokovo, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Molokovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. In February 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Molokovsky District was merged into Krasnokholmsky District, but on December 30, 1966 it was re-established.[12] In 1987, Molokovo was granted urban-type settlement status.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber and food (in particular, cheese production) industries in the district.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of agriculture in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, and crops and potato growing. As of 2011, there was one farm in the district growing flax.[13]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting Moscow with Mga via Krasny Kholm and Sandovo, runs over the area of the district for about a kilometer in its eastern part, but there are no railway stations within the district.

Molokovo is connected by road with Krasny Kholm and with Sandovo. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. These include four churches built in the beginning of the 19th century (the Resurrection Church in the village of Beloye, the Dormition Church in the village of Vvedenye, the Church of Our Saviour in the selo of Deledino, and the Ascencion Church in the village of Novokotovo).[14]

In 2003, a regional museum was opened in Molokovo. The museum is named after Nikolai Ogarkov, Marshal of the Soviet Union, who was born in Molokovo, and presents expositions about Ogarkov.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 242», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 242, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. ^ The count of urban-type settlements includes the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  3. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  4. ^ Law #37-ZO
  5. ^ a b c Краткий очерк о Молоковском районе (in Russian). Администрация Молоковского района. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b История (in Russian). Администрация Молоковского района. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Экономика района (in Russian). Администрация Молоковского района. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  15. ^ Культура (in Russian). Администрация Молоковского района. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №37-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Молоковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №75-ЗО от 14 июля 2006 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Молоковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #37-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Molokovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #75-ZO of July 14, 2006 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Molokovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).