|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Molossus was famous throughout the ancient world for its size and ferocity. It is mentioned in ancient literature by, among others: Aristophanes,, Aristotle, Grattius, Horace, Lucan, Lucretius, Martial, Nemesianus, Oppian of Apamea, Plautus, Seneca, Statius, and Virgil. Suda also mentioned it.
The Molossians issued silver coinage with an image of a Molossus as their emblem.
The Molossians kept dogs of two distinct types, one a hunting dog with a broad muzzle which is sometimes considered the ancestor to the modern mastiff type, the other a large livestock guardian dog. Aristotle in his History of Animals wrote "In the Molossian race of dogs, those employed in hunting differ in no respect from other dogs; while those employed in following sheep are larger and more fierce in their attack on wild beasts." He also added that dogs that are born of a mixed breed between the Molossian and the Laconian dogs are remarkable for courage and endurance of hard labor.
Modern kennel club classification
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- David Hancock, (2001). The Mastiffs: The Big Game Hunters: Their History, Development and Future. Ducklington: Charwynne Dog Features. ISBN 9780951780114.
- Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 416.
- Aristotle, History of Animals, IX. I. 2. Translated by Richard Cresswell, London: George Bell & Sons, 1887.
- Grattius, Cynegeticon, 169.
- Horace, Epodes,VI.
- Horace, Satires 2, VI. 114.
- Lucan, Pharsalia, IV. 440.
- Lucretius, De rerum natura, V. 1063.
- Martial, Epigram, XII. I. 1.
- Nemesianus, Cynegetica, 107.
- Oppian, Cynegetica, I. 375.
- Plautus, Captivi, 86.
- Seneca, Phaedra, 33.
- Statius, Achilleid, I. 747.
- Statius, Silvae, II. VI. 19.
- Statius, Thebaid, III. 203.
- Virgil, Georgics, III. 405.
- Suda, ka.2730
- Suda, mu.1198
- Aristotle, History of Animals, 9.1.4
- Aristotle, History of Animals - GR
- Athenaeus, Deipnosophists, 12.57
- FCI breeds nomenclature: Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs. Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed June 2020.
- Edward Cecil Ash (1927). Dogs: Their History and Development. London: Ernest Benn.
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